Abstract:High efficiency, low pollution, and long lifetime make hydrogen-powered fuel cells desirable for portable power generation by the Army. However, it is impractical to transport hydrogen to where it is needed. Instead, reforming a transportable liquid fuel such as JP-8 or diesel fuel can produce the… more
Abstract:The proposed research incorporates several inventions to produce structural components that can be assembled into a highly enhanced chemical-biological (CB) forensic evidence container for transport and storage of contaminated articles. Bio-hazardous materials are frequently encountered in standard… more
Abstract:Detection and identification of toxic chemical in water is vital for various military, environmental, and industrial applications. Specifically, the Joint Services have a need for rapid detection of trace levels of chemical contamination in water systems. This Small Business Technology Transfer… more
Abstract:Spacecraft and lunar bases generate a variety of wastes containing water, including food wastes, feces, and brines. Disposal of these wastes, as well as recovery of water, is necessary. However, evaporation of water also evaporates compounds with foul odors, some of which are much more volatile… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I effort focuses on development of novel metal-oxide-carbon nanocomposites for application in pseudocapacitive electrochemical supercapacitors. Specifically, nanocomposites based on manganese, titanium, tantalum and vanadium oxides will be incorporated,… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project, will develop a new kind of wafer cleaning tool that will be useful at every cleaning step in semiconductor processing. It will use an environmentally friendly, acoustic technology that uses only clean water and silent sound. The tool… more
Abstract:Crop growers in the United States, and in developed countries worldwide, apply large amounts of phosphate fertilizers to their fields. In the US for example, growers annually apply over 4,000,000 tons of phosphate fertilizer. Fertilizer rates are typically applied in excess of the crop need, since… more
Abstract:Nitrogen affects proteins, enzymes and metabolic processes and is essential for crop growth. While annual usage varies based on world economic conditions, approximately 80,000,000 metric tons of fertilizer N are applied annually in the world, of which more than 10,000,000 tons are applied annually… more
Abstract:This proposal details the development of a new FCG design that facilitates customization to drive loads of various impedances. It addresses several of the performance limiting problems associated with small helical FCGs and potentially facilitates driving high output voltage, moderate current loads… more
Abstract:Recent advances in directed energy weapons (DEW) require radar systems to implement front door protection against high power signals. Although nonlinear protection elements have been successfully employed in the past, fast ultra wideband (UWB) and high power microwave (HPM) signals are not… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long range goal of this project is to develop methods of using supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) to achieve terminal sterilization that meets or exceeds the USP standard of 10-6 microbial survival probability and
that produces a dry drug product in a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Chronic headache represent one of the most common and disabling medical conditions affecting adolescents, with a sizeable proportion of those affected continuing to have significant impairment into their adult years. Ma
ny of these children must exclusively rely… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purpose of this fast-track SBIR project entitled Paragraph and Essay Writing Instruction for Struggling Secondary Writers is to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a total of four interactive multimedia (IM)
software programs to be used to teach… more
Abstract:In the United States, annual demand for adhesives and resins exceeds 20 billion pounds. Currently, most adhesives used in the wood industry are petroleum-based, such as phenol-formaldehyde and urea-formaldehyde adhesives. Formaldehyde emissions cause many environmental and health issues. Development… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Recruitment and retention of subjects for clinical research is currently an inefficient and time-consuming process in the new drug development industry. This is especially true for the vulnerable populations of individu
als with psychiatric disorders. This SBIR… more
Abstract:A hardware-software solution for controlling UAVs in challenging flight conditions is described. This would allow the UAV to autonomously exploit advantageous weather phenomena for increased endurance, and also allow the UAV to maneuver in challenging flight conditions. A novel method of generating… more
Abstract:A novel design for an in situ atmospheric sensor for CO2 and trace gases is proposed. The sensor, named AirCore, provides the advantages of existing in situ sensors (e.g. high resolution) but eliminates possible biases in analysis that often originate from imperfect measurement condition. The… more
Abstract:The need to detect and track small aerial targets is identified. An approach to use a unique passive radar front-end sensor is described, which provides the initial detection capability. The data from the sensor is used to cue a high-speed, highly accurate pointing and tracking system with a Coude… more
Abstract:The need to detect and track small aerial targets is identified. An approach to use a unique radar front-end sensor is described, which provides the initial detection capability. The data from the sensor is used to cue a high-speed, highly accurate pointing and tracking system with a Coude path… more
Abstract:The ability to measure atmospheric radiation while in flight is a valuable capability for atmospheric research. These measurements complement satellite and ground station measurements in providing increased certainty in vertical-column radiometric information. The sensitive instruments used to… more
Abstract:Based on the successful feasibility studies performed in Phase I, NanoScale Corporation and Kansas State University propose herein the continued development, and testing of Dye containing, Detecting, and Decontaminating Engineered Reactive Metal Oxyhydro
Abstract:This award is funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5). This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I project focuses on synthesis and delivery of nanoparticles for determination of the progression of cancer. Besides diagnosis, the nanoplatform… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Biobehavioral research in a range of basic and translational disciplines (particularly cognitive neuroscience, neuropsychology and experimental psychology) increasingly involves the integration of multiple devices for t
he collection of data, such as EEG, fMRI,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Recent advances have shown effective neurotransmitter analysis using capillary electrophoresis (CE). In a CE system, analyte is drawn through a narrow channel using ion movement resulting in an electroosmotic flow (EOF)
generated by a high voltage electric field… more
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