Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Within the last seven years, Drosophila melanogaster or common fruit fly has been shown to be an invertebrate animal model for exploring genetic and proteomic mechanisms underlying sleep. While a great deal of progress
has been made in the field of Drosophila… more
Abstract:Locally grown foods account for less than one percent of the total $900 billion in retail food sales in the U.S. (18) Therefore, consumers purchase more than ninety percent of their food from supermarkets. In order for local small family farms to grab a greater portion of food sales, they must get… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II research project addresses an unfilled need in the composites manufacturing and repair industry. Current manufacturing and repair methods for curing Carbon Fiber Reinforced Plastic (CFRP) composite materials do not employ real time temperature… more
Abstract:Ongoing anti-terrorist and counter-insurgency operations in Iraq following the lightning conventional war of spring 2003 highlight the fact that war is seldom as simple or as quickly resolved as we expect-or hope-it to be. Even more importantly, they remind us that no enemy is truly beaten unless… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Development of implantable devices for automated detection, quantification, warning and delivery of therapy to block seizures is a very important unmet medical need. Making such a device as small as possible, minimizin
g replacement surgeries, and maximizing… more
Abstract:Continuous environmental health monitoring is a growing requirement for missile systems to ensure their long-term reliability while being stored, transported and operated in harsh environmental conditions. While several sensors currently exist for measuring temperature, relative humidity,… more
Abstract:The challenge to deploying ship-based Wi Fi capability lies in developing the demanding RF and signal processing technology necessary to establish a 25nm ship-to-shore / ship-to-ship link in the presence of shipboard interference. Several new technologies are proposed to address this challenge. The… more
Abstract:Integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), which uses a gasilier to convert coal to fuel gas, and then uses a combined cycle power block to generate electricity. is one of the most promising technologies for generating electricity from coal in an environmentally sustainable way. IGCC has many… more
Abstract:Several shortcomings such as lack of reactivity and selectivity are associated with currently available sorbent-based decontaminants. For example, carbon based sorbents can only physisorb toxins without neutralizing them. Secondly, all solid sorbents are sensitive to humid air. Thirdly, reduced… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this project is to develop breathable, lightweight and disposable chemical protective clothing for use by personnel associated with law enforcement agencies, emergency medical services, medical/triage facili
ties, and other federal, state, or local… more
Abstract:Early diagnosis and early treatment of cancer greatly improve the likelihood of long-term survival and health. Chemical structures that are selectively taken by cancerous tissue can be used to pull diagnostic and therapeutic moieties to cancerous tissue. A
ppropriately sized iron and/or iron oxide… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): OsteoGeneX is developing a therapeutic directed against the new bone target Sclerostin (SOST) for the treatment of osteoporosis and related bone disorders. Through genomic approaches Sclerostin was identified as a mast
er regulator of bone mass affecting men and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Pinnacle Technology and Professors George Wilson and Michael Johnson of the University of Kansas, have developed, and successfully tested, a prototype device that can collect, analyze and transmit fast-scan cyclic volt
ammetry (FSCV) data wirelessly in freely… more
Abstract:The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will refine a temperature sensing system comprised of a wireless reader capable of remote, simultaneous interrogation of multiple, uniquely identified amorphous microwire temperature sensors that can be embedded permanently beneath layers… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project is to develop a Chemical Mechanical Polishing (CMP) Slurry Monitor as a fully in-line, real-time, point of use instrument that will detect and disperse large agglomerates in the nanofine slurries used in IC manufacture. The monitor will not only detect scratch inducing… more
Abstract:The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project seeks to develop an innovative, environment friendly method for removing resist from semiconductor wafers. After every lithography step, and the following processing step, e.g., etching or ion implantation, the process-hardened resist… more
Abstract:Fertilizer application rates that do not match crop usage pose an economic loss for farmers, and excess applications can result in environmental degradation of water and atmosphere. A significant portion of the nitrogen applied to U.S. fields is not needed, due to the availability of nitrogen from… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purposes of these Phase I and II projects are to test the feasibility and efficacy of using an interactive multimedia (IM) format for providing comprehensive vocabulary instruction to students with high incidence di
sabilities (HID). To evaluate the… more
Abstract:This proposal is for the design and development of advanced high-efficiency semiconductor thermal neutron detectors in both silicon and silicon carbide. These detectors will provide detectors with neutron conversion efficiency exceeding 40%, depending on detector configuration. The use of annular… more
Abstract:Military equipment requires rapid and thorough means of decontamination from chemical warfare agents (CWAs) so that it can return to safe and usable condition. Current decontaminants include powdered sorbents that leave residues that impair the performance of sensitive equipment such as optics and… more
Abstract:Integrated gasification combined cycle, or IGCC, which uses a gasifier to convert coal to fuel gas, and then uses combined cycle power block to generate electricity, is one of the most promising technologies to meet the challenge of generating electricity from coal in an environmentally sustainable… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-term objective of this project is to develop, validate and commercialize wireless, head mounted, turnkey, EEG/EMG systems with integrated biosensor for rats and mice. A further objective is to develop a 76 fM g
lucose biosensor for direct measurement of… more
Abstract:The U.S. Navy is pursuing innovative concepts to substantially improve life of grease-packed hanger bearings on the tilt-rotor V-22 Osprey aircraft. In our successful Phase I program, we developed and demonstrated greases with performance far superior to current MIL-PRF-81322 grease over a wide… more
Abstract:To address the U.S. Department of EnergyÂ¿s (DOE) long-term cleanup and management responsibility for Cold-War-era production facilities, and to support DOEÂ¿s efforts for monitoring the behavior of contaminants around existing and future waste disposal and storage areas, a leadership-class… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II Project concerns Ultrapure Water (UPW), the life blood of the semiconductor industry. The proposed instrument seeks to satisfy the ITRS requirements on two counts: 1. full flow inspection, and 2. detection of sub-100nm liquid-borne particles. 1… more
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