Abstract:Agricultural mulch films are used for the production of vegetables and fruits. Thin plastic films (typically polyethylene) are spread along the rows of plants at the beginning of the growing season. Holes are made in the films to plant the seeds or seedlings. The use of mulch films speeds the… more
Abstract:This proposal details the development of a multipoint exploding foil initiator trigger system that enables programmable delays between EFI detonations. The temporal jitters are less than 50 ns from the initial trigger signal to the firing of each EFI. This enables precise control of the detonation… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purpose of this Phase II project is to develop and test the effects of interactive multimedia (IM) writing strategy instruction on the writing performance of students with learning disabilities. The major goals associated with the project are to: (a) revise,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purpose of this project is to design and pilot test a prototype interactive multimedia (IM) program for teaching oral language strategies to students in grades 6 through 9. The instructional program will be designed for use in a variety of settings, including… more
Abstract:A system for autonomous detection and exploitation of weather phenomena for endurance or range enhancement for loitering unmanned air vehicles is presented. The proposed system consists of hardware and software for coarse identification of geographical areas where advantageous weather phenomena… more
Abstract:75853B Carbon cycle monitoring is a key component of the mission to understand global scale climate change. In particular, there is a need to accurately measure atmospheric carbon dioxide levels at regular intervals, and at various altitudes and locations, using low cost and simple aerial… more
Abstract:The need for a small, lightweight, remotely-operable transponder for UAVs is identified. This would allow integration of UAVs into the national airspace while providing an equivalent level of safety during operations as manned aircraft. A network-centric, integrated transponder and altitude encoder… more
Abstract:The need for aerodynamics-based efficiency enhancements for air vehicles is presented. Concepts are presented for morphing aircraft, to enable the aircraft to optimize its configuration for various flight regimes. Using simulations, wind tunnel testing, and benchtop hardware development, the… more
Abstract:Perchlorate (ClO4) contamination of ground and surface waters has placed drinking water supplies at risk in communities through out the U.S. Perchlorte is a human health concern at high doses due to its capability to interfere with iodine uptake and the ability of the thyroid to requlate hormone… more
Abstract:The objective of this STTR Phase I proposal is to develop new generation nanocrystalline materials which would be superior to surface modified activated carbon in terms of adsorption capacity and selectivity towards chemical agents and very importantly are expected to have unique capabilities of… more
Abstract:As the electronics industry grows and the trend toward miniaturization continues, the need for high performance electroceramic materials and environmentaly friendly processes for their production will become more prevalent. Barium and strontium titanate are ferroelectric materials commonly used in… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project focuses on the development and implementation of a nanoparticle metal-oxide based collection, neutralization, and preservation of battlefield materials and evidence of a chemical and/or biological agent. The key component of the proposed… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Flourescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a diagnostic test that distinguishes chromosomal abnormalities not evident by routine chromosome banding. By tagging and hybridizing defined DNA sequences with fluorochromes, abnormalities can be detected for specific… more
Abstract:Army vehicles require aggressive protection from rust and corrosion during long-term storage. MIL-PRF-21260 specifies a preservative/break-in oil to preserve a vehicle engine for an indefinite storage period, then drive it into service. MIL-PRF-2104 specifies a separate engine oil for in-service… more
Abstract:Surfaces Research proposes development of a highly durable solid lubricant coating to eliminate wear and vibration problems in liquid hydrogen turbopump gears. The cryogenic turbopumps are used in rocket engines for Air Force expendable launch vehicles. Our new coating will exceed the cryopump… more
Abstract:The U.S. Navy is seeking innovative concepts to substantially improve life of grease-packed hanger bearings on the tilt-rotor V-22 Osprey aircraft. Hanger bearings are especially maintenance-intensive and short-lived. Extending maintenance intervals and increasing bearing life several-fold are goals… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will develop new capability to model emergency egress from buildings. The primary focus of the research is evacuation due to fires, but the software will be designed such that exposure and response to biological and chemical agents can… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project concerns Ultrapure Water (UPW), the lifeblood of the semiconductor industry. The proposed instrument seeks to satisfy the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) requirements on two counts: 1. full flow inspections, 2.… more
Abstract:76063S International initiatives are underway to reduce greenhouse gases in the air. The sequestration of carbon in agricultural soils is a candidate technology for achieving this reduction; however, more rapid and less expensive methods of measuring soil carbon are needed. This project will… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-term objective of this work is to design bi-functional peptide-drug conjugates that specifically target leukocytes. The peptide sequences are derived from ICAM-1 and bind to LFA-1 on activated leukocytes. The peptide-drug conjugates are internalized… more
Abstract:Natural flavor compounds find wide applications in the food, feed, cosmetic, chemical and pharmaceutical industry, and isoamyl acetate is an important flavor ester. In this research program, a low-cost process is proposed to convert glucose from renewable sources to isoamyl acetate using a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Paclitaxel has shown promise in the treatment of several types of cancers, including ovarian cancer. The long-term goals of this research are to design a formulation of paclitaxel that is effective in the treatment of cancer and exhibits no formulation related… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purpose of this Phase I project is to test the feasibility of using an interactive multimedia (IM) format for delivering professional development to adults tutors and paraprofessionals who work with students with LD and low achievement. To evaluate the… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purpose of this project is to design and pilot test a prototype interactive multimedia (IM) program for teaching social skills to youth with social-adjustment problems. The instructional program will be designed for use in a variety of settings, including… more
Abstract:A novel approach to conducting long-range surveillance using small unmanned air vehicles is proposed. The effort builds on the concepts developed and demonstrated in Phase I. This includes air vehicle technology, data links, flight operations, sensors and communications networks. A detailed work… more
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