Abstract:Todays conventional solar energy conversion technologies face serious problems, because of their combination of moderate efficiencies and high photovoltaic complexities, and because they are burdened with high manufacturing costs. For solar cells to be cost-competitive with other primary sources of… more
Abstract:An important type of water pipe is the Prestressed Concrete Cylinder Pipe (PCCP). There are thousands of miles of PCCP installed in the US in sections with length up to 20 feet and diameter for 2 to 14 feet. The large size of the pipes, the thickness of the concrete (up to 10 inches) and the… more
Abstract:The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) is a serious threat. Preventing the spread of these nuclear weapons has reached a state of heightened urgency in recent years. Neutron detection is an important component of the overall detection techniques used in identifying WMDs.… more
Abstract:Nuclear material accounting within the nuclear fuel cycle includes preventing and detecting theft or diversion of special nuclear material. Neutron detection by use of pressurized He-3 tubes is a critical component within the scheme of safeguarding nuclear materials. Due to the worldwide shortage … more
Abstract:Nuclear material control and accountability (MC & amp;A) programs at DOE facilities require new techniques that maximize material loss detection sensitivity, increase the quality of accountability measurements, minimize material holdup, and reduce the magnitude of inventory differences… more
Abstract:Gamma-ray and neutron spectroscopy are well established techniques for determining the chemical composition of planetary surfaces, and small cosmic bodies such as asteroids and comets; however, new technologies with the potential to significantly improve the performance of planetary nuclear… more
Abstract:To address issues of sub-optimal performance of current X-ray CT scanners used by the first re-sponding providers to expedite diagnosis and triage, we are developing a novel scintillator that offers a unique promise to achieve high-sensitivity, high-resolution X-ray imaging through its integration… more
Abstract:The ideal semiconductor detector for the nuclear non-proliferation application should have good energy
resolution, high detection efficiency, compact size, light weight, easy portability, low power requirements
and low cost. In the proposed effort, we plan to continue our development of thallium… more
Abstract:The ideal semiconductor detector for nuclear monitoring should have good
energy resolution, high detection efficiency, compact size, light weight, easy
portability and low cost. In the proposed effort, we plan to develop a detector
module for nuclear monitoring based on thallium bromide (TlBr), a… more
Abstract:The goal of the proposed program is to identify an effective passivation material and develop a capable passivation methodology to protect highly reticulated HgCdTe surfaces. The proposed passivation material and technique using highly conformal atomic layer deposition (ALD) will allow the DOD to… more
Abstract:Free space optical communication (FSOC) systems offer rapid data transfer rates, allowing wireless relay of complex data sets. To further promote the use of this technology for short-range covert communication links and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) data transfer, compact and robust transmitter/receiver… more
Abstract:The glycosaminoglycan (GAG) class of carbohydrates is characterized by unparalleled sequence diversity. Located on the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix, specific structural features are required for a variety of functions including coagulation, cell-signaling and wound healing among… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Joint injury is a well established risk factor in the pathogenesis of post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). In particular, patients with meniscal tears are at high risk for early PTOA. Chondroprotection of the joint surface is mediated by lubricin, a large… more
Abstract:Photodetectors and focal plane arrays (FPAs) covering the middle-wave and longwave infrared (MWIR/LWIR) are of great importance in numerous NASA applications, including earth remote sensing for carbon-based trace gases, Lidar mapping for earth resource locating, and environment and atmosphere… more
Abstract:Future operations will increasingly utilize unmanned vehicles (UxVs) to accomplish complex missions. UxV"s have the potential to dramatically improve real-time situation awareness and increase mission success. Current advancements in performance and capabilities of UxVs and automated mission… more
Abstract:Efficient, effective team communication is a force multiplier in operations and an accelerant to training. It is the foundation upon which leaders build situational awareness to support timely decision making, and the mechanism through which leaders train and assess their teams. Team communication… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The high costs and inherent dangers of live training with air platforms have motivated the increasing use of simulation-based training. However, selecting a system to effectively meet training objectives can be challenging, particularly one that must blend multiple disparate technologies.… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: With the growing demands for Remotely Piloted Aircraft (RPA) operations, it becomes increasingly important to determine how to best train RPA crewmembers. However, little is known regarding the effectiveness tradeoffs of training environments. Current tools and processes for evaluating… more
Abstract:Many professionals are involved with the creation of a Live Virtual Constructive & Game (LVC & G) environments and scenarios, from simulator programmers to subject matter experts. However, there is currently no systematic method for assembling environments and designing experiments or… more
Abstract:Imagery analysts face a number of challenges that complicate their ability to gain contextual awareness, particularly when exploiting multiple forms of sensor data. Faced with adaptable adversaries, analysts require advanced training tools that span a variety of mission contexts. Because no analyst… more
Abstract:The Navy"s mission success increasingly relies on complex decision support systems and automation. Navy command and control systems must provide the users with the right information, at the right time, depending on the context in which they are operating, and must do it in a proactive manner.… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The Air Force command and control consists of distributed team members who must effectively collaborate to synchronize collective mission planning, briefing, and debriefing activities. To improve collaboration among distributed crews, technologies must manage training activities and… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Great strides have been made regarding the integration of training within Live, Virtual, and Constructive (LVC) environments. Gateways and data translation specifications assist different systems that use different communication protocols in cross-platform communication at an engineering… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Information fusion and knowledge conflict detection are required for many mission-critical intelligence analysis tasks. Using knowledge extracted from various sources, including entities, relations, and events, intelligence analysts identify relevant documents, integrate facts into… more
Abstract:The United States Marine Corps (USMC) has recognized the need for better decision making among leaders at all levels, especially among small unit leaders. In response to this the Office of Naval Research has begun a program of training research and development for Accelerated Development of Small… more
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