Abstract:ABSTRACT: Busek Co. Inc. and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) propose to explore the physical limits of ionic liquid propulsion via development of new theory to explain effects of close packing emission density and to predict performance limits. The research is motivated by observations… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Busek proposes to develop a high power, low mass Hall Effect thruster. The baseline thruster is tentatively sized at the nominal 8kW power level. Specific features to be implemented include the use of SmCo permanent magnets. The goal of the effort is to reduce thruster specific power… more
Abstract:Accurate high-performance, low-cost handheld devices are needed by law enforcement and first responders for the detection, identification,
classification and reporting of radioactive materials. The goal of this program is to produce a compact, low-power radiation identifier that costs less than $500… more
Abstract:Adversaries are becoming ever more proficient at cyber attacks against our military"s infrastructure, making offensive and defensive cyber operations an essential component of today"s military activities. While the Navy has focused significant resources on cyber defense, these operations… more
Abstract:Although Navy MH-60R/S SEAHAWK helicopters have long played a critical role in military operations, degraded visual environments continue to plague landing safety. Current heads-down displays do not address pilots"need to continuously perceive and respond to a rich set of external visual cues… more
Abstract:The US Army faces a significant burden in planning sustainment operations. Currently, logistics planners must manually evaluate potential emplacement sites to determine their terrain suitability. Sites subject to rainfall-runoff responses such as ponding are ill-suited for emplacements, but… more
Abstract:Operational availability of Navy systems has become a function of mechanical, electronic, computer, software, and network systems"availability. Further, the challenge of maintaining operational availability will grow to enterprise scale as the Navy moves towards tactical cloud computing that… more
Abstract:The US is highly dependent on space resources for communications and imaging, as well as positioning, navigation, and timing services that support military operations, government operations, and commercial interests. Because the space environment is both congested and contested, effectively… more
Abstract:Military medical personnel must act quickly and efficiently in any operational environment. Their success in saving lives depends on their ability to act effectively, both individually and as a team. Therefore, training must address individual skills and knowledge as well as interactions among team… more
Abstract:Military domains, such as naval operations, require agile decision-making by Warfighters as they monitor ongoing activities, assess the impact of events, and develop or adjust plans to achieve the overall mission. These missions and resulting tasks emerge from a consistently evolving battlespace,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Although Partial Task Trainers (PTTs) have been shown to have a cost savings of 60 percent over training on actual systems, they routinely cost the Government in manpower, maintenance, and upgrades, and are limited by static content that does not address differently skilled trainees.… more
Abstract:Underwater ship hull inspection platforms routinely check for damage, corrosion, and suspicious objects. Highly accurate position information is required to properly register hull inspection data with previously collected data to monitor the progression of structural anomalies and other changes and… more
Abstract:Sonar operators on anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW)-capable surface ships have difficulty reaching and maintaining proficiency. Existing training systems, such as the SAST sub-system of the AN/SQQ-89A(V)15 undersea combat system) do not sufficiently motivate sailors to participate in training,… more
Abstract:US Navy efforts to develop effective torpedo countermeasures have yielded mixed results, but improvements are on the horizon. However, the relatively small number of sensors on each ship limits the military utility of the torpedo defense picture currently available to ship commanders. For effective… more
Abstract:Current countermeasure anti-torpedo (CAT) systems use explicit logic to direct single-target intercepts resulting in an inability to adapt to the complexities of the stochastic marine environment and the problems of multiple, simultaneous threats. The CAT Learning Algorithm Workbench (CLAW) is an… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Training simulations that currently support Close Air Support (CAS) training and the Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC) training in particular, are laborious to configure and expensive to manage with live personnel, which results in training that is limited in scope. For example,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Training for primary and secondary trauma assessment is vital to DoD medical personnel; it is the first step to saving the lives of wounded Warfighters. Synthetic task environments are needed to bridge gaps in the training and practice of these skills. In addition to the synthetic… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Maintaining systems of military plans is difficult, yet critical. A plan may become nonexecutable because the world has diverged from the plan"s assumptions, rendering it irrelevant. If there are constant ad hoc changes to many related plans, they may no longer lead to… more
Abstract:Learning-enabled systems (LESs) that improve their performance over time and adapt to new environments have significant potential for a variety of military applications, such as robotics, intelligence analysis, and cyber defense. To be deployed operationally, LESs must be thoroughly evaluated by… more
Abstract:The Army has identified a need to develop a system that can identify, classify, and analyze visual data from unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) and stationary visual surveillance sources to enable real-time decisions and system-wide planning regarding route, speed, and tasks on board UGVs. We propose to… more
Abstract:Current mission planning interfaces are difficult to understand and cumbersome to use, resulting in few operators utilizing the full power of advanced planning systems. To address this critical shortfall, we will design and demonstrate a set of Intuitive User Interfaces for Task-Tailored planning… more
Abstract:The US Navy is in the process of phasing out conventional optical submarine periscopes in favor of digital sensor masts that transmit video (and other sensor data) to the bridge electronically. Sensor masts can host multiple sensor modalities including both electro-optic (EO) and infrared (IR) for… more
Abstract:In developing advanced Submarine Combat Systems, the Navy has adopted a rapid cycle of software upgrades that, within the Advanced Processor Build Technical Insertion (APB-TI) schedule, regularly introduce new capabilities. This upgrade cycle has outpaced the development of associated training… more
Abstract:Despite decades of technological advances, Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) continues to require arcane perishable skills. Navy officials report that current surface ship sonar systems are capable, but operators are not able to fully exploit the systems"capabilities. Ships and schoolhouses need… more
Abstract:Navy ship operating consoles must enable minimally manned crews to perform complex, coordinated activities across a range of missions. To this end, console designs must be thoroughly evaluated to ensure they support the diverse missions assigned to Littoral Combat Ships (LCS). Human System… more
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