Abstract:ABSTRACT: Maintaining systems of military plans is difficult, yet critical. A plan may become nonexecutable because the world has diverged from the plan"s assumptions, rendering it irrelevant. If there are constant ad hoc changes to many related plans, they may no longer lead to… more
Abstract:Learning-enabled systems (LESs) that improve their performance over time and adapt to new environments have significant potential for a variety of military applications, such as robotics, intelligence analysis, and cyber defense. To be deployed operationally, LESs must be thoroughly evaluated by… more
Abstract:The Army has identified a need to develop a system that can identify, classify, and analyze visual data from unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) and stationary visual surveillance sources to enable real-time decisions and system-wide planning regarding route, speed, and tasks on board UGVs. We propose to… more
Abstract:Current mission planning interfaces are difficult to understand and cumbersome to use, resulting in few operators utilizing the full power of advanced planning systems. To address this critical shortfall, we will design and demonstrate a set of Intuitive User Interfaces for Task-Tailored planning… more
Abstract:The US Navy is in the process of phasing out conventional optical submarine periscopes in favor of digital sensor masts that transmit video (and other sensor data) to the bridge electronically. Sensor masts can host multiple sensor modalities including both electro-optic (EO) and infrared (IR) for… more
Abstract:In developing advanced Submarine Combat Systems, the Navy has adopted a rapid cycle of software upgrades that, within the Advanced Processor Build Technical Insertion (APB-TI) schedule, regularly introduce new capabilities. This upgrade cycle has outpaced the development of associated training… more
Abstract:Despite decades of technological advances, Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) continues to require arcane perishable skills. Navy officials report that current surface ship sonar systems are capable, but operators are not able to fully exploit the systems"capabilities. Ships and schoolhouses need… more
Abstract:Navy ship operating consoles must enable minimally manned crews to perform complex, coordinated activities across a range of missions. To this end, console designs must be thoroughly evaluated to ensure they support the diverse missions assigned to Littoral Combat Ships (LCS). Human System… more
Abstract:Sailors and Marines are responsible for conducting missions such as maritime security operations, embassy protection, non-combatant evacuation, and disaster relief. To plan missions effectively, Warfighters need to understand normal patterns of life (POL) and anomalies in those patterns. Analyzing… more
Abstract:UAVs are a major force multiplier in United States military operations, conducting high-altitude unmanned surveillance and medium range air to ground engagements. Recently, UAV mission spaces have expanded to include resupply of deployed forces, and may soon include direct air support. As UAVs have… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Although government investment in simulation-based training has resulted in reduced training costs, the full potential of simulation-based trainingefficient and effective training across the continuum of trainee populationshas not been achieved. In part, this shortfall can be attributed… more
Abstract:Junctional and inguinal bleeding from battlefield injuries is a significant and challenging problem. Inventors have developed new types of tourniquets, including the Abdominal Aortic Tourniquet (AAT) and the Combat Ready Clamp (CRoC) to address these abdominal and pelvic injuries. While these… more
Abstract:Adversaries are becoming increasingly proficient at cyber attacks against command and control infrastructure. Maintaining security requires high-fidelity assessments of software services, e.g., through exercises in which Systems Under Test are subjected t
Abstract:The wealth of data provided by modern information fusion (IF) tools exceeds the ability of intelligence analysts to effectively process, exploit, and disseminate actionable intelligence. This issue arises because these IF tools define information value a
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Full-spectrum cyber operations, including both Cyber Network Attack and Cyber Network Defense, place enormous cognitive demands on operators and teams. When demands are too high or tasks are not properly allocated, performance degrades, and missions may fail. To avoid operator overload,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In the modern complex battlespace, US forces must operate in a coordinated fashion across organizational and functional lines. Despite the increasing sophistication of information systems supporting them, Warfighters are confronted with"stovepipes"and"infoglut,"making… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Scheduling Air Force Satellite Control Network (AFSCN) resources is challenging because windows of visibility are limited between satellites and remote tracking stations on the ground, and there are more requests for access than available resources. Human scheduling at a centralized… more
Abstract:Missile defense takes place in an uncertain and dynamic environment, so multi-sensor fusion must be employed to aggregate and merge disparate data from the battlefield. However, the fusion process is hindered by the vast amount of uncertainty in operational contexts, such as imprecise measurements… more
Abstract:Given a specific window of opportunity for an incoming threat, the central Command, Control, Battle Management, and Communications (C2BMC) operator must dynamically manage the battle to achieve global and regional mission objectives. Seconds matter in these situations, and the C2BMC operator must be… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Intelligence analysts need to process large amounts of text information to form an understanding of a topic of interest. The sheer amount of information can be overwhelming, so automated text analytics that assist with filtering, information extraction, and document understanding, can be… more
Abstract:Propose development of a human-in-control (HIC) modeling capability that can: (1) represent the breadth of operator decision-making processes across missile defense elements, (2) scale to deliver the appropriate level of fidelity, and (3) be extensible to future operator needs. To provide this… more
Abstract:Accurately predicting Remaining Useful Life (RUL) provides significant benefits?it increases safety and reduces financial and labor resource requirements. Relying on just one methodology for RUL prediction is unsuitable because certain methods of prediction perform better for certain use cases and… more
Abstract:Electrolysis of water is an important tool for automotive hydrogen refueling and renewable energy storage applications. The current membranes for electrolysis suffer from low efficiency, low mechanical strength and high hydrogen crossover at the high pressures needed for direct refueling. The DOE… more
Abstract:Measurement and monitoring of subsurface microbial activity plays a critical role in studying the extent of contamination at the Department of Energy (DOE) sites and its impact on the surrounding environment. The subsurface microbiology is a window into the health of the soil and groundwater before,… more
Abstract:Conventional lithium-ion batteries demonstrate great potential for applications in electrical vehicles, but they face some major challenges such as low energy density and high cost. It is worthwhile to pursue alternative strategies to address the barriers of cost and energy density.… more
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