Abstract:THE USEFUL LIFE OF ENGINE OIL IS KNOWN TO BE HIGHLY DEPENDENT ON FORMULATION AND THE ENGINE OPERATING MODE. CONSEQUENTLY, AN OIL-CHANGE INTERVAL BASED ON MILES TRAVELED OR ENGINE OPERATING HOURS DOES NOT NECESSARILY DEFINE THE IN-SERVICE QUALITY OF THE OIL. ONE PROBLEM IN PARTICULAR FOR DIESEL… more
Abstract:THIS PROJECT IS DIRECTED AT PRODUCING A GENERALIZED COMPRESSION MODEL FOR SYSTEMATICALLY TRANSMISSION OF VIDEO INFORMATION AT DECREASING DATA RATES WHILE MAINTAINING MAXIMAL INFORMATION. ALTHOUGH MUCH IS STILL UNKNOWN ABOUT THE HUMAN VISUAL SYSTEM, MAJOR PIECES OF THE PUZZLE HAVE RECENTLY BEEN… more
Abstract:MUCH RECENT WORK HAS BEEN FOCUSED ON ELUCIDATING THE POTENTIAL BENEFITS OF USING FUZZY LOGIC AND ADAPTIVE NETWORK DECISION MAKING METHODS. ADAPTIVE METHODS, LIKE BACK-PROPAGATION TAUGHT NEURAL NETWORKS, CAN MAKE IT POSSIBLE TO BUILD COMPLEX DECISION MAKING SYSTEM WHICH AVOID THE "EXPERT SYSTEMS"… more
Abstract:This proposal advocates the development of a tool to provide the Navy with a mechanism for conducting in depth evaluation of distributed human performance. This tool will produce a truthing, testing, and evaluation environment designed to meet the US Navy's progressively increasing requirements for… more
Abstract:We are proposing to develop Virtual Panoramic Vision Blocks (VPVB) to providing drivers of IVHS sensorized vehicles with a low cost means for gaining full driving situational awareness. This approach combines solid state sensors with advanced display technology and computing to implement an… more
Abstract:The Phase I goal is to build energy-efficient, compact femtosecond optical sources, and demonstrate diode-pumped lasers that can generate femtosecond pulses via self-modelocking. Only readily available 750-nm diode lasers will be used as pump source. Existing subpicosecond sources are complex… more
Abstract:AMONG THE STATED GOALS OF THE HUMAN GENOME PROJECT IS A DRAMATIC IMPROVEMENT IN DNA SEQUENCING TECHNOLOGIES AND CORRESPONDING REDUCTION IN COST PER FINISHED BASE SEQUENCED. RELATIVELY LITTLE ATTENTION, HOWEVER, HAS BEEN GIVEN TO THE PROBLEM OF ASSURING THE QUALITY OF THE RISING TIDE OF… more
Abstract:THIS PROJECT WILL EXPERIMENTALLY DETERMINE THE FEASIBILITY OF OBTAINING A HIGH-RESOLUTION, THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGE OF A SCENE USING AN INNOVATIVE, FOCAL-PLANE PROCESSOR TO PRODUCE A COMPACT OPTICAL SENSOR. THE INNOVATION IS IN THE GATING OF THE IMAGE INTENSIFIER TO DEMODULATE AN AMPLITUDE-MODULATED… more
Abstract:The proposed work investigates the feasibility of designing and building a high resolution spectroradiometer and integrating it with the NASA-owned Thermal Infrared Multispectral Scanner (TIMS). A limiting factor in the analysis of airborne multispectral thermal infrared imagery, such as from TIMS,… more
Abstract:The objective of this project is to design, fabricate, and test a prototype photovoltaic (PV) case for electrical equipment used in field operations. The PV case could charge the equipment's batteries and/or directly operate low power equipment such as receivers and computers without a battery. The… more
Abstract:THE CURRENT MANUFACTURING AND PILOT OPERATIONS UTILIZE MODULE ASSEMBLY PROCESSES THAT HAVE RELATIVELY HIGH LABOR AND MATERIAL COSTS. THIS PROJECT ADDRESSES THE COST AND PERFORMANCE ISSES OF PROCESSING THE GRIDS AND BUS BARS USED IN AMORPHOUS SILICON ALLOY THIN FILM PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES. … more
Abstract:Long term ex vivo therapy for kidney failure has been achieved, so that the kidney may be thefirst solid organ in which tissue engineering concepts can produce an implantable device for long-termin vivo replacement therapy. To replace the kidney's excretory function, an implantable… more
Abstract:THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE CURRENTLY USE REDWORMS TO PROCESS ORGANIC KITCHEN WASTE TO REDUCE WASTE GOING TO LANDFILLS AND INCINERATORS. TEACHERS REPORT THAT A CLASSROOM WORM BIN EXCITES CHILDREN AND PROVIDES MULTIDISCIPLINARY LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES. RESEARCHERS ARE IDENTIFYING SUITABLE MATERIALS AND… more
Abstract:Our objective is to increase the sensitivity of in situ PCR , by improving methods of specimenpreparation. We have devised a LYOPHILM technology, which comprises lyophilization of specimen onspecialized microporous nitrocellulose films, to allow reactants to thoroughly penetrate specimen tomaximize… more
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