Abstract:ABSTRACT: An ability to reduce the weight of cables has the potential to provide significant cost savings, reduce maintenance and improve reliability of satellites. The costs of developing and producing satellites are linearly proportional with the satellite"s weight, with each kilogram… more
Abstract:This SBIR project seeks to develop a miniature sensor for mass measurement of size-classified aerosols. A cascade impactor will be used to classify aerosol sample into 8 uniform bins on a logarithmic scale, covering an aerodynamic size range of 0.01 to 10 microns. In each of the 8 stages aerosols… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project is aimed at utilizing aerosol technology to solve heat transfer problems in small-scale air conditioning systems, thus enabling the use of water as a refrigerant in small-scale units for domestic and automobile applications. A water-based air… more
Abstract:Project Summary Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is a major complication of retinal detachments and is responsible for most of the failures in retinal reattachment surgeries. About 10% of retinal detachment patients suffer from PVR. These patients often have poor visual outcome despite multiple… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: SIFT, with subject matter expertise from the UAS pilots and sensor operators (SOs) at UAV Associates and in sensor processing capabilities from Ball Aerospace, will develop FLA2SH (Flexible Levels of Adaptable Autonomy for Sensor Handling) to extend and integrate with AFRL"s… more
Abstract:SIFT proposes to develop CAMO (Cognitive Assessment and Monitoring of Operators), a zero-intrusion method for human-machine state assessment. Our unique approach utilizes behavioral data already be-ing generated and collected during normal task completion, eliminating the need for additional tasks… more
Abstract:SIFT, with support from Drs. Michael Goodrich and Eric Mercer of Brigham Young University, proposes to develop THREADS (Teams of Humans and Robots, Evaluation Architecture Design and Systemization) as a framework and tool to support the Test and Evaluatio
Abstract:SIFT proposes to design and develop the Marshal system, a mixed-initiative tool for maintaining task models over the course of evolving missions. Marshal-enabled planning and scheduling systems will maintain task models so that they are in tighter correspondence with the current operating context.… more
Abstract:Studies in ground-based analogs of Isolated and Confined Environments (ICE) have identified sensory monotony and social isolation as threats to crew psychological well-being. Further, the lack of real-time communications in future missions will impact crew interactions with their support systems, i… more
Abstract:The negative-electron-affinity (NEA) photocathodes which produce polarized electrons are a vital component of electron accelerators such as that at DoE Jefferson Lab and the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC). Future systems, such as the International Linear Collider (ILC), will require a… more
Abstract:With the advent of electromagnetic and electro-optical sensors in modern military platforms, the issue of detectability extends well beyond that of visible light. The suppression of Electromagnetic Interference/Radio Frequency Interference (EMI/RFI) is considered as one of vital elements of… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) account for nearly 1.3 million emergency room visits and 245,000 hospitalizations per year for women in the U.S. alone. Approximatelyhalf of all women will experience a… more
Abstract:Abstract On average, gt90% of patients who suffer from a cardiac arrest die. Nearly all die unexpectedly from this leading cause of death, in part, because the essential components of standard CPR (S-CPR): manual chest compressions at a rate of 100/min, 1to 1.5 inches in depth and positive pressure… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) remains one of the leading causes of death in the United States. Even with the best clinically documented methods of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and post-resuscitation care,more than 85-90% of the 350,000 Americans… more
Abstract:Project Summary / Abstract Mechanical circulatory support devices have become increasingly common in the treatment of end stage heart failure, primarily in the form of the Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD). Survival and quality of life have improved steadily, due to the transition from larger… more
Abstract:For this Phase II STTR proposal, the investigators plan to develop and commercialize the radiofrequency (RF) coil technology to make 7T body MRI possible, and to translate this new technology to vastly improve 3T clinical MRI as well. In the Phase I project leading to this proposal, all specific… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Obesity in the U.S. has disproportionately affected African American (AA) adolescents who have almost twice the prevalence of obesity than their Caucasian peers. This is due in part to greater exposure to, and higher consumption of, 'fast' and calorie… more
Abstract:The proposed novel program will use measurements of high-energy photon output from celestial gamma-ray sources to design a new, unique navigation system for a deep space CubeSat demonstration. An integrated CubeSat design will be developed to demonstrate the performance and feasibility of the… more
Abstract:This program proposes to design and evaluate novel technology of X-ray navigation for augmentation and increased capability of high data-rate spacecraft communications. NASA's current concept for an integrated radio and optical communications (iROC) system is being developed to provide… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): An estimated 5.4 million Americans had Alzheimer's disease in 2012 and a 50% increase in this number is expected by 2030. The majority of these patients (70%) will live at home where they receive 75% of their care frominformal caregivers, unpaid individuals… more
Abstract:Innovative Design Labs (IDL) proposes to create a system which helps guide
wheelchair users along the best path through complex urban landscapes. Since the
Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) were established in 1990 the ability of wheelchair users to navigate has… more
Abstract:Innovative Design Labs (IDL), in collaboration with the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (RIC), proposes to create a system for the sensing and control of stand-to-sit motions of a wearable bionics suit. Recent research found that 3.86 million Americans require wheelchairs and the number has been… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary/Abstract Walking, one of the most important functional activities in humans, is a hallmark of independence, an indirect indicator of overall functional ability, and a valuable fitness activity helpful incontrolling obesity. Cerebra Palsy (CP) is… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project will develop non-contact wireless technology that detects the breathing movements of a human chest while covered with pajamas and bed covers. This technology would be a significant improvement to methods used in point of care monitoring outside of a… more
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