Abstract:Adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are at risk for substance use and abuse. Given the dearth of Interventions designed specifically for adolescents with FASD, there exists a need for evidence-based preventive intervention programs forthis population. Thus, the goal of the… more
Abstract:PROJECT SUMARY/ABSTRACT This proposed project is in response to the need for more extensive toxicological evaluation of environmental chemicals and for predictive models to assess associated risks of chemical exposure to humans. There is also need for innovative methods for evaluating the effects of… more
Abstract:Although several critical energy saving technologies under development today require Gallium Nitride (GaN) based semiconductor devices, a source of high quality and inexpensive GaN wafers does not yet exist. This lack of GaN wafers adds complexity to GaN device production and makes development of… more
Abstract:Gallium Nitrides (GaN) device market size is second only to silicon and is projected to be $50-100 billion in size as markets mature for GaN power devices, solid state lighting, and hundreds of other new applications. Even with this remarkable forecast, GaN epitaxy is still produced primarily on… more
Abstract:Gallium Nitride (GaN) crystals have recently garnered attention as a candidate for use as a Quasi-Phase Matching (QPM) material for frequency conversion applications such as second harmonic generation (SHG) and optical parametric oscillation (OPO), due to its wide bandgap (3.4eV), high thermal… more
Abstract:In Phase I, a novel porous electrode was designed to demonstrate a rapid, simple assay for the detection of domoic acid in marine samples. During Phase II, methods to manufacture porous electrodes will be improved to enable high volume production of low-cost biosensors that can be connected to a… more
Abstract:Through this effort, NanoTechLabs Inc. will improve the efficiency and lower the mass of the cryogenic heat exchanger used in American Superconductor's High Temperature Superconducting Degaussing system. NanoTechLabs will achieve these goals by producing a Carbon Nanotube metal matrix composite… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Through the Phase II program, NTL will finalize the materials development and demonstrate the ability of a TIM material based on carbon nanotube vertical arrays to meet general requirements for space applications. In addition we will define and initiate tests required for a specific Air… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Mucus transport is the fundamental defense of the airways against inhaled particulates/infectious agents. Abnormalities in the mucus transport system characterize a complex of muco-obstructive airway diseases, such as cystic fibrosis (CF) and chronic bronchitis… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an autosomal lethal disease characterized that affects ~30,000 individuals in the US. CF lung disease, the major cause of mortality in CF, is caused by dehydration of airway secretions that leads to mucous adhesion, infection and airways… more
Abstract:Signal Innovations Group proposes a hierarchical Bayesian approach for non-linear dimensionality reduction that addresses three key challenges: learning a reversible mapping from a high-dimensional observed space to a low-dimensional embedded space, learning the dimension of the embedded space, and… more
Abstract:The detection and tracking of dismounts and the identification of threatening dismounts are critical challenges for ensuring mission success and troop safety when conducting tactical vehicle operations in hostile environments. Vehicle operators must focus on multiple tasks simultaneously: … more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Current automatic target recognition (ATR) training processes require expensive data collections or extensive, high fidelity target modeling and validation whose costs and lead times will limit the ongoing sustainability of ATR target databases. Radar based systems for combat… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This program will develop salient feature analysis and saliency cueing capabilities for SAR-based exploitation and demonstrate this technology with operationally relevant data and classifiers. This saliency technology will immediately enable the development of exploitable, robust,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Approximately 1.6 million people live with HIV/AIDS in North America; 34 million people worldwide. The HIV/AIDS epidemic is caused by a rapidly replicating retrovirus that undergoes multiple mutations, making it extremely challenging to successfully treat.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Thyroid cancer is the most common type of endocrine malignancy. New thyroid cancers patients are identified daily, and most patients live for decades following diagnosis. Thyroglobulin (TG) levels in the sera or in fineneedle biopsies of thyroid cancer patients… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed Phase I SBIR project will demonstrate the feasibility of developing a drug prevention module that can be hosted through pediatrician offices. The intervention will assist parents of adolescents (ages 11-15)prevent the onset of gateway drugs,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Schizophrenia is one of the most debilitating and costly mental illnesses in the United States, with peak incidence in individuals aged 14-25 and causing annual direct and indirect costs of over 62.7 billion (Wu et al., 2005). Several studies suggest that early… more
Abstract:Vadum proposes to create a novel telemetry data compression/decompression system, SCoCD (Sparse Compression on Complete Dictionaries) with very low latency, very high compression rate, and very low distortion. The system will allow lossless compression, and can be tuned for each type of data stream… more
Abstract:In this research effort, Vadum will demonstrate the feasibility of a machine learning approach to address the problem of debris mitigation and improve multiple target discrimination. This algorithm is a very fast, highly accurate multi-class approach based upon the concepts of bagging (bootstrap… more
Abstract:Vadum proposes a feasibility study to define the next generation power amplifier for the Special Operations Forces (SOF) warfighter. This program will deliver extended bandwidth, more complex waveform capability, longer battery life, higher field reliability, and wide compatibility across radio… more
Abstract:In this program Vadum will develop a radar system capable of linear and nonlinear detection schemes for electronics detection (E-Det) and a linear Forward Looking Ground Penetrating Radar (FLGPR). The radar designed in this effort will leverage existing Vadum linear and nonlinear radar sensors for… more
Abstract:In this research effort, Vadum will evaluate multiple classification techniques to mitigate the effects of corrupted measurements from the new scanning receivers in the SLQ-32 electronic warfare suite. Vadum will create an Automated Optimization Environment (AOE) to train three advanced… more
Abstract:The Vadum electronically steered phased array system generates high RF (radio frequency) power at C-band without TWTAs (traveling wave tube amplifiers) and delivers that power to the target without requiring a lossy output combiner. This approach addresses existing TWTA challenges while… more
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