Abstract:Carburization of steel alloys is a common practice used to increase the longevity of gear interfaces. By increasing the amount of carbon present in the near surface region of the steel, the hardness of the outer region of the material can be increased while maintaining ductility and toughness within… more
Abstract:A solicitation has requested a feasibility study on the topic of enhanced capabilities for the SD-IED disrupter tool, used for neutralization of IED"s and other explosive devices. Specifically, the solicitation requests investigation of designs for electrically-initiated semiautomatic disrupter… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Valencell has developed a mobile sensor technology - called Healthset(R) technology - for monitoring vital signs and physical activity via a wireless audio earbud. This highly miniaturized sensor technology can be integrated into audio headsets, headphones,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This SBIR project will create a new tool to improve health tracking of older adults in research and in clinical settings by automating user-friendly, in-home assessment of walking speed, which has emerged as one of thestrongest predictors of health status and… more
Abstract:It is currently time consuming and expensive to install water quality monitoring stations to report data on water quality to researchers and monitoring agencies quickly and efficiently. In this project, we will develop the technology to improve the gathering and reporting of such data. The end… more
Abstract:Wave Computation Technologies and Duke University will develop minimally coupled, co-mingled E and B field antennas through numerical and experimental investigations based on first-principle theories. The project objectives are to (a) develop the simulation capability for modeling superconducting… more
Abstract:Breast cancer is the most common cancer type among women. Early detection is viewed as the best approach to decrease breast cancer mortality. Digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT), a 3-D imaging modality, is generally considered as the next generation screening device with improved performance compared… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Skeletal muscle wasting is a serious condition prevalent in the aging population (sarcopenia) and in a variety of specific diseases. This condition results in loss of muscle function through impaired muscle regeneration, resulting in an increase in falls and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Metabolic diseases such as type 2 diabetes (T2D), obesity and their related co-morbidities have reached epidemic proportions worldwide. While progress continues to be made into the molecular mechanisms involved in bothobesity and T2D, the identification and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The disparities in disaster-related mental health problems highlight the highlighted the need for local pre-disaster planning in black communities living in high stress areas. Training in Post Disaster Mental Health inBlack Communities is a train the trainer,… more
Abstract:Outdoor acoustics simulation plays a vital role in several army and defense-related applications, such as minimizing the noise profile of reconnaissance vehicles to avoid counter-detection, optimizing sensors and systems for tactical advantage, and pinpointing the origin of gunshots using their… more
Abstract:EE Boost Inc. proposes to develop a new, fast and accurate hybrid wave-based method for acoustic simulation in large and complex environments. The hybrid method combines two efficient methods: the pseudo-spectral time-domain (PSTD) method and the enlarged cell technique (ECT). The PSTD method is… more
Abstract:Purpose: To be qualified to teach their future students in math, preservice students need to gain specialized mathematics content and pedagogical knowledge. The purpose of this project is to develop a web-based game to strengthen preservice teachers' knowledge of mathematics and provide college… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project offers a completely new and novel approach to convert biomass to a gasoline-replacing mixed alcohol biofuel. The new approach uses a unique reactor called a controlled cavitation reactor (CCR). Specifically, the CCR provides a uniform… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop an earth heat exchanger that has a lower installation cost, lower operating cost, and smaller footprint than the currently available ground source heat pumps. High ground loop installation costs are the primary barrier to… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to enable the global acceptance of cloud computing. Infrastructure outsourcing has become increasingly profitable and efficient for IT departments, but it has also birthed a new problem. Online application developers are left almost… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this project is to create a system to conduct 'High Throughput Multifunction System for Neurophysiology of Behavior', in response to PA-08-001. The advanced system will provide capabilities for many other Behavioral Neurophysiology research… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This Phase I pilot is to assess the feasibility of using the Family Health Network's Connected for Life Program as an intervention to increase access to web-based technologies and as a tool to support independent living. The relationship between declining… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The CDC reports that over 40 million Americans suffer from chronic disease, the majority of whom report multiple diagnoses of chronic disorders. The causes of many of these chronic diseases are not well understood and doctors struggle to effectively diagnose and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purpose of this project is to research and develop digital media-based nutrition education materials for low science literacy, underserved, and minority patients receiving dialysis treatment for ESRD. The developedmaterials will lay the foundation and serve… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The first isolated human hepatoctyte 2D culture, in 1981, provided baseline protocols to support freshly isolated and immediately cultured populations. With cryopreservation technology, human hepatocytes are commercially-available on demand, however, about 75% of… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): ABSTRACT Interruption and subsequent restoration of circulation in tissues causes varying amounts of ischemia- reperfusion injury (IRI). IRI is a detrimental feature of many clinical events such as organ transplants, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) used in… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Over the last decade, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has funded on average about 15,000 biomedical science trainees per year at various stages in their careers, with 2009 financial data showing a total of 790million spent on research training. Data from… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Studies of patient triage in selected populations found significant numbers of patients needing either a more or a less acute level of care, and that 47%-58% of ED visits were considered inappropriate by triage nurses and physicians. Contributing to this problem… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): By the end of 2006, an estimated 23,000 adults and 15,500 children had received cochlear implants in the United States alone (www.nidcd.nih.gov). The complexity of the system as well as confounding factors such as brainplasticity and changing physiology require… more
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