Abstract:Human biases and routines, capabilities, and limitations strongly influence overall mission effectiveness; whether during real operations or simulations using models of humans. Many missions and environments challenge human capabilities (e.g., combat stress, waiting, fatigue from long hours or… more
Abstract:Information overload and cluttered user interfaces cause decreased situational awareness and lowered performance of the human operators. Irrelevant data increases searching times for tasks requiring the identification of threats, causing delayed decisions. Cognitive burden on the user increases as… more
Abstract:Complex relationships between power system components and utilization equipment require large amounts of measurement points along the service train and estimation of service capability. In the past, false alarms, missed failures, mishandled preventive maintenance scheduling, and underutilized… more
Abstract:The essence of information assessment is the process of distinguishing signals from noise. In the military, intelligence analysts are constantly searching for signals that might suggest an adversary's intentions. In each case the analyst must search through a quantity of data, searching for… more
Abstract:Crowd management is an important task for civilian, police, and military groups that can be very difficult on its own, and becomes even more difficult in hostile environments. The difficulty comes from the many levels of granularity that events can happen at. Making such a system automated adds… more
Abstract:There is an increasing demand for systems with more autonomous operations interacting with other autonomous and human-based systems. What is needed is an architecture bundled with developer tools for the creation of intelligent real-time control systems that marry the talents of modern control… more
Abstract:In an Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) scenario, the ability for the rescuers to maintain an accurate and comprehensive situational awareness is critical to allow them to maximize their effectiveness in a chaotic and dangerous environment. Timeliness is, of course, paramount to saving lives, and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This project proposes a new kind of videogame that addresses the National Cancer Institute's goal of helping children increase physical activity to reduce cancer risk. The game will 1) be so engaging that middle school children will choose to play it for… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Project Summary. This project will investigate and develop effective information technologies for comparative analysis and visualization of complex data generated by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GCxGC). GCxGC is an emerging technology that… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I research project will develop a novel diagnostic test to detect Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). MAP is the causative agent of Johnes disease in cattle and, possibly, of human Crohns disease. A novel approach of early and… more
Abstract:Robust and reliable trace-gas analyzers (e.g., for isotopic carbon, methane, nitroxide, ammonia, etc.), suitable for long-term measurements, are not commercially available. Such analyzers are needed to achieve a better understanding of the global budget of these trace gases and to quantify their… more
Abstract:The commercial opportunities for products based on delicate biomolecules, such as enzymes and therapeutic proteins, are growing at a strong pace. However, many proteins of great commercial value, including enzymes, undergo loss of function on encapsulation, when approaches based on high-shear… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will explore the use of a material comprising a fibrous substrate and an inorganic adsorbent/catalytic coating for removal of toxic small linear molecules from smoke. Phase I research will focus on identification of an efficient… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase I project is a feasibility study for the design of true core-shell type nonocapsules for drug delivery. The research will focus on strategies aimed at controlling the nanostructure and chemistry of the capsules, and also on ways to design… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): DNA vaccines and gene medicines, derived from bacterial plasmids, are emerging as an important new class of pharmaceuticals. DNA molecules made strictly by rational design allows the manufacturer to bypass years of development for the production of efficacious… more
Abstract:Keeping the Air Force assets flying is difficult enough at depot level where there are extensive facilities and expert help. But in an austere environment, these advantages aren't present. A recent innovation, the Portable Maintenance Aid (PMA), is a new type of tool to help the human through these… more
Abstract:The time and cost it takes to integrate new airborne weapons on platforms is still too great. The current F-15E Strike Eagle weapon integration timeline is 4 years, from requirements to fielding, and costs up to 20 million dollars. What is really needed for rapid aircraft-store integration is a… more
Abstract:The capability to correlate and integrate disparate information from heterogeneous intelligence sources that come with varying degrees of certainty and reliability is crucial for counter-terrorism operations (CTO). 21st Century Systems, Incorporated is pleased to propose continuing its successful… more
Abstract:Submarine commanders are currently hamstrung in tactical mission planning due to the limited capability to assess operational options in response to changes in the threat, environment, or assigned objectives. Current techniques to evaluate the assigned mission take little advantage of the recent… more
Abstract:In the realm of asymmetric threat detection, it is imperative to spot suspicious indicators in the ever-growing volume, variety, and complexity of data. It is recognized that quick detection of threats at the planning, attempting, and line formation stages is key and intelligence is crucial to… more
Abstract:The challenge of providing the sensor operator and tactical decision maker with all pertinent acoustic information and clues associated with any given contact has long eluded a solution. The technology to address this shortcoming is now available and we are pleased to have this opportunity to… more
Abstract:Software Agents and Agent Systems are steadily transitioning from small research projects to mainstream industrial and government markets. Multi-agent systems will live up to the expectations of implementing an openly-architected replacement of legacy stove-piped systems by providing flexible,… more
Abstract:Culturally diverse people are now participating in military multinational coalition applications as well as in extreme environments - once the province of American males drawn from a relatively homogenous cultural pool. Human biases and routines, capabilities and limitations strongly influence… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project proposes to use bioinformatics to transform complex data produced by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GCxGC-MS) to usable chemical information. GCxGC-MS is an emerging technology for chemical… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project proposes an innovative multiagent technology called the Intelligent Multiagent Infrastructure for Distributed Systems in Education (I-MINDS). In this system, the agents communicate and coordinate their actions to help support the… more
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