Abstract:ABSTRACT: Advanced space-borne electro-optical payloads require cooling at temperatures of 10 to 20 K. Cooling loads for these detectors will range from 0.25 W to 1.0 W at the primary load site, with additional loads at higher temperatures. During this program, we propose to build and test a… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Creare proposes to design, develop, test, and deliver an ultra-compact star tracker specifically intended for the CubeSat platform. Our design is based on proprietary"folded optics"technology previously developed by our partner for use in military and commercial optical… more
Abstract:Demonstrations have shown that laser-based stripping systems can effectively and affordably vaporize and strip aircraft coatings in an environmentally friendly manner when coupled to a vapor-removal system. However, all of the laser-based systems in use today are"open-loop"systems that… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The performance of modern propulsion devices such as gas turbine main combustors and augmentors is largely dependent on fuel spray dynamics. Fuel sprays, usually involving a liquid jet emanating into a gaseous flow followed by subsequent breakup and atomization, are critically important… more
Abstract:Combustion stability is critical to the performance of augmented military jet engines. Instabilities such as screech can result in reduced augmentor performance, blowout, or even catastrophic failure. Screech remains a difficult problem to predict and mitigate, and its occurrence can limit the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Diagnostic measurements in gas turbine combustors and augmentors are challenging due to the hostile environment and limited optical access afforded by real engines. Probes that are inserted into the flow are generally undesirable because the probes inherently influence the flow and must… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The performance of supersonic inlets, actuators, and scramjet isolators is limited by shock wave/boundary layer interactions (SBLI). The adverse pressure gradient across a shock wave causes increased boundary layer thickness and often separation when it interacts with a boundary layer. … more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Thermal management systems using two-phase flow can enable higher power, lower volume weapons and electronics systems on advanced aircraft. To exploit the advantages of two-phase flow, designers need analysis methods and software to size components, analyze system dynamics, and assess… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The skiving of gap and fastener fill materials is a critical process to maintain the proper Outer Mold Line (OML) of the F-35 during aircraft manufacture. This process must be completed for both long gaps that have been over-filled and for fasteners that have been filled with… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Modern military aircraft incorporate large numbers of holes located close to part edges to save weight and maximize performance. Accurate measurement of the distance between hole centers and the edge of the part is critical to ensure that structural integrity of the aircraft is… more
Abstract:Navy ships need improved laundry dryers that use less energy and operate without air vents. This eliminates the need for very long exhaust ductwork and reduces fire hazards. We propose to develop a reliable, compact, tumble dryer that employs an innovative water separation process that is… more
Abstract:Superconducting electronics have the potential to revolutionize digital communications and to improve real-time situational awareness in the battlefield environment, but must operate at cryogenic temperatures. Commercial cryogenic refrigerators are large, inefficient and are unable to meet typical… more
Abstract:The Electrical Distribution Unit (EDU) is the heart of aircraft power systems, and emerging and future electrical system needs have placed great demands on EDU components. Operation at higher voltage power levels and temperatures, faster actuation, and the need to minimize size and weight have… more
Abstract:Creare proposes a Flight Hearing Protection System based on an innovative communication earplug that is easily inserted and removed but that seals deep in the ear canal. We will also evaluate upgrades to the current flight helmet to improve the level of passive attenuation provided by the helmet.… more
Abstract:Navy requirements have motivated the need for technologies capable of performing detailed scans over large areas of a ship"s hull for hidden defects. Existing technologies for identifying hull defects underwater primarily involve point measurements of the hull thickness. Applying this technique… more
Abstract:Hydrothermal vents emit large amounts of hot water, which has the potential to produce electric power. This type of power source could enable remote sea sensors, recharge autonomous underwater vehicles, and facilitate a variety of deep sea activities. Developing a power system for this application… more
Abstract:Marine gas turbine engines are typically 30 to 40% efficient at full power resulting in 60 to 70% of the input energy being exhausted to the environment as waste heat. These engines are even less efficient at partial power conditions where they often operate. Bottoming cycles, such as organic… more
Abstract:Neuroscience is rapidly expanding beyond its traditional role in the clinic to a practical method of evaluating cognitive performance in the field. The transition of clinical neuroscience tools into operational environments is of particular interest to the military due to the need for soldiers to… more
Abstract:Small and micro unmanned aerial systems are desired for carrying sensors into cluttered urban environments, areas of dense vegetation, and confined spaces. Control systems for these small vehicles are currently based on control approaches for larger vehicles in well-defined flows and are inadequate… more
Abstract:Thermoelectric generators (TEGs) offer the potential for simple and efficient conversion of heat directly to electric power. However, efficient and logistically compatible power generation systems that incorporate TEGs present an engineering challenge, requiring an overall design that balances… more
Abstract:High performance metals, ceramics, and hard coatings are used in military applications to enhance the performance of key systems needed by the warfighter. One of the most prevalent operations to remove material, achieve the desired surface finish, or enhance part quality is bulk and finish grinding… more
Abstract:Military jet engine components (tail cones, augmenter liners, and turbine blades) incorporate large numbers of laser-drilled, small holes to provide surface film cooling air for protection against high operating temperatures. The holes must meet critical specifications to ensure adequate air flow… more
Abstract:Polymer matrix thermoplastic (e.g., PEEK/IM7) composites exhibit excellent toughness, fatigue strength, and strength-to-weight characteristics over their all-metal counterparts. These characteristics make them desirable for high performance military structures such as artillery components for… more
Abstract:Lithium-based batteries promise excellent performance, although they require careful management to avoid personnel injury and equipment damage. Consequently, there is extreme interest in developing accurate Battery Management Systems (BMS) to take advantage of the positive attributes of… more
Abstract:Protective garments that isolate a dismounted soldier from the environment can also build up excessive internal heat and humidity, impairing performance and possibly leading to heat casualties. We propose to develop an innovative microclimate control system that will maintain a cool, dry environment… more
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