Abstract:For a number of years Creare has developed, fabricated, and tested highly miniaturized, high vacuum pumps specifically designed for mass spectrometers used on NASA Mars missions. These pumps would also be useful on other missions to planets and satellites with atmosphere, such as Titan, as well as… more
Abstract:Future NASA space missions require advanced systems to convert thermal energy into electric power. These systems must be reliable, efficient, and lightweight. In response, we propose to develop an intercooled turbo-Brayton power converter with high efficiency and specific power. The converter… more
Abstract:Future NASA Space Science Missions will incorporate detectors, sensors, shields, and telescopes that must be cooled to cryogenic temperatures. An enabling technology for these missions is advanced cryocoolers that can provide continuous and distributed cooling with minimal input power. On this… more
Abstract:In situ resource utilization (ISRU) is essential for several of NASA's future flagship missions. Currently envisioned ISRU plants include production of oxygen from hydrogen reduction of lunar regolith and extraction of water from Martian regolith or asteroid material. These ISRU processes… more
Abstract:Environmental control systems for manned exploration spacecraft and lunar/planetary bases will need a condensing heat exchanger (CHX) to control humidity in crew habitat modules. Antimicrobial coatings are needed to prevent growth of microbes and formation of biofilms on the condensing surfaces… more
Abstract:This proposal is responsive to NASA SBIR Topic X10.01, specifically, the need for efficient small- to medium-scale hydrogen liquefaction technologies including domestically produced wet cryogenic turboexpanders. Future NASA missions will require hydrogen liquefaction systems for earth-based,… more
Abstract:Mobile production of electric power requires generators that are compact, lightweight, efficient, and reliable. Although standard generator approaches that use radial magnetic fields are very mature, they are also larger and heavier than desired. In response, we propose to develop an axial-flux… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Airborne directed energy weapons offer advantages over conventional weapons as they minimize collateral damage, reducing the cost of post-conflict reconstruction. However, the high power levels required by these weapons present size and weight challenges for airborne applications. In… more
Abstract:For the U.S. Navy, Creare is developing a Compact Swaging Machine (CSM) to attach arresting gear Purchase Cable terminals on ship. Our CSM utilizes three innovative features to dramatically reduce the size and weight of the swaging machine to make it usable in a shipboard environment: (1) a high… more
Abstract:Future military communication systems will rely on advanced superconductor digital electronics. These electronics will require efficient cooling at low temperatures near 4 K. Pulse-tube cryocoolers are a candidate cooling technology for this application. We propose to improve the efficiency of the… more
Abstract:The performance of modern combustion systems used in propulsion devices (such as gas turbine main combustors, augmentors, and rockets) is largely dependent on the mixing of fuel and oxidizer. This mixing process, often involving a liquid jet emanating into a gaseous flow followed by subsequent… more
Abstract:Extremely Efficient Nebulizer for Intranasal Vaccination. Specifically the nasal delivery device could reduce health care associated infections by providing a needle-free method of delivery of vaccines and therapeutics which are currently delivered by injection with all the attendant risks of… more
Abstract:We propose to develop a large-format 1Kx1K longwave infrared focal plane array (FPA) from Type-II InAs/(In)GaSb strained layer superlattice (SLS) photodiodes. In Phase I, we will develop small pixels with the goals of ~ 10 micron cutoff wavelength, quantum efficiency>60%, and dark current… more
Abstract:We propose to bandgap engineer the InAs/GaSb/AlSb material system to realize a dualband focal plane array (FPA) made up of stacked multi-barrier Type-II strained layer superlattice (SLS) photodiodes. Two longwave infrared spectral bands will be imaged in alternate frames by using a readout… more
Abstract:We propose to develop and deliver 2-Color midwave/longwave infrared focal plane arrays (FPAs) and a camera based on Type-II InAs/InGaSb strained layer superlattice (SLS) sensor technology. 2-Color SLS FPAs with formats of 320x256 and 640x512 will be delivered, together with a portable 2-Color… more
Abstract:In Phase I, we developed a novel infrared photodiode based on Type-II InAs/GaSb strained layer superlattices (SLS) which demonstrated pingpong dualband action, wherein the spectral response of the diode was switched between midwave (~ 5 micron cutoff) and longwave (~ 10 micron cutoff) infrared by… more
Abstract:SPAWAR requires a high fidelity simulation of Radio Security Services (RSS) to enhance testing of Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS) networking waveforms. Waveforms and enhancements are evaluated using a JTRS Surrogate Radio (JSR). We propose to modify a JSR through installation of radio security… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries are a significant problem for athletes, and women in particular. Both surgical and non-surgical treatment options exist, with the ultimate goal of regaining joint stability, knee kinematics, and quadriceps strength… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Availability of high quality, large area gallium nitride (GaN) single crystal substrates is one of the most outstanding issues for III-V nitride materials. Today's GaN device processes typically employ HVPE grown on sapphire and silicon carbide substrates, requiring elaborate buffer… more
Abstract:Solid State Scientific Corporation (SSSC) is pleased to propose the design of a single-board, integrated Hostile Fire Indication (HFI) system with the nominal size, weight, and power constraints for operation as an adjunct sensor within the AN/AVR-2B(V) Laser Warning Set. Work on Phase I will… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project proposes to develop advanced antiseptic textiles to be used in garments to prevent cross contamination of antibiotic-resistant pathogens. Drug-resistant pathogens Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Vancomycin-resistant… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objective of this Phase 1 project is to improve an effective treatment of recurrent small-cell lung cancer (rSCLC) by targeting a tumor-specific abnormal receptor, AbnV2 that is a surface-marker of the disease. Currently, there is no effective treatment for… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): New therapies are in development for COPD (endobronchial valves/stents/glue) and asthma (endobronchial thermal ablation). Hyperpolarized xenon-129 (HXe) MRI, a noninvasive method to assess regional lung structure and function, may prove critical in the guidance… more
Abstract:Wide angle neutron analyzers require large volumes of polarized 3He gas that must maintain very high polarization. As these instruments have increased in size, they have outstripped 3He polarization capacity, shortening the run times and adversely affecting. A very high productivity source of… more
Abstract:The 12 GeV upgrade to the Continuous Electron Beam Accelerator Facility at Jefferson Lab will open a new program of nuclear physics experiments, some of which will be conducted with a polarized 3He target. The proposed developments will enable pressurizing polarized 3He from an external large-scale… more
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