Abstract:In Afghanistan, fuel to run electrical generators is a major cost driver. The DoD"s latest method is"right size"with units with multiple generators of different ratings and train soldiers to manually switch generators as demand changes. Typically, demand has wide swings throughout the… more
Abstract:MSI proposes to develop automated mechanisms to dissect incoming queries and engage appropriate cloud-based resources to address them. To automate this process, we propose iterative query refinement between an automated analyzer (called the Matchmaker) and human experts. The Matchmaker will use… more
Abstract:Sensing of greenhouse gases including, but not limited, to carbon dioxide and methane, throughout the atmosphere are needed to verify gas fluxes and concentrations in order to understand the terrestrial carbon cycle. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) can provide the speed, range, and steering needed… more
Abstract:Mesa Photonics proposes development of a passive optical sensor for simultaneous high-precision measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide profiles within the full atmospheric column. The approach, which is based on near-infrared heterodyne spectroscopy using solar occultation (i.e., direct solar… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will demonstrate a new method for monitoring carbon capture and storage (CCS) sites. CCS reduces global warming by using deep geological formations to store large amounts of carbon dioxide formed at power plants or separated from natural… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) Phase I project will develop improvements to multiphoton microscopy, especially two-photon excitation fluorescence (TPEF). This technology has radically changed the manner in which quantitative biological studies are performed. It is now the… more
Abstract:MZA partnered with the Air Force Institute of Technology (AFIT) propose the development of an integrated satellite-derived numerical weather prediction (NWP) modeling and optical sensor measurements technique to provide comprehensive atmospheric characterization for modeling of directed energy (DE)… more
Abstract:Over the past few years, lidar programs have collected 3-D imagery enabling unprecendented views of the battlefield. Unfortunately, lidar systems collect such large volumes of data that it is not available in real time. This SBIR Phase I proposal suggests a research program to design low-SWaP… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: MZA partnered with the University of Notre Dame proposes to implement a series of mechanical and optical sensor measurements in a wind tunnel test section to isolate aero-optical disturbances from contaminating tunnel disturbances. We will develop a design for the necessary sensors and… more
Abstract:Adaptive optics are needed for high-energy laser (HEL) weapon systems when performance is limited by atmospheric turbulence. This typically requires adding an illuminator laser to produce a beacon by reflection from the target surface. Since a small spot is needed, the laser must be projected from… more
Abstract:The demonstration of polymer membrane deformable mirrors capable of receiving a high-reflectivity coating and handling high energy laser radiation enables the potential for a new generation of low-cost DMs for directed energy weapons. To achieve high actuator count and high speed, a new structural… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Laser weapon systems on tactical airborne platforms face many issues with tracking targets and pointing of the laser weapon. Even in an environment free from the effects of the atmosphere, there is still the issue of pointing the laser weapon to a specific hit point when there are no… more
Abstract:MZA partnered with the University of Notre Dame proposes to conduct high-fidelity computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations providing volumetric time-resolved aero-optical disturbance modeling for rotary-wing aircraft flow dominated by wing-tip vortices. We will develop detailed wave-optics… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The goal of this phase II proposal is to develop a commercial platform for printing high performance, single-walled carbon nanotube transistor circuits on large-area plastic substrate. Automated processes will be developed for the room temperature printing of metal, semiconductor, and… more
Abstract:Ambient methane makes a substantial contribution to the greenhouse gas effect. Rapid, widespread accurate measurements of ambient methane concentration are needed to include in environmental models. D.O.E. is particularly interested in methane measurements in the Arctic where rapid climatic change… more
Abstract:Knowing atmospheric 13CO2/12CO2 ratios precisely is important to understanding biogenic and anthroprogenic sources and sinks for carbon. However, instruments currently available have attributes that are not favorable for distributed UAV deployment; they are large, require a lot of power, are very… more
Abstract:Monitoring the root systems of plants is essential to improving models of crop productivity, soil carbon sequestration and biogeochemical cycling. Fine roots (considered to be smaller than 1-2 mm in diameter) are the dominant component of this system, with roots & lt;0.2 mm in diameter often… more
Abstract:Past industrial practices have resulted in groundwater that is contaminated by heavy metals. Long-term monitoring and maintenance is one of the largest costs of environmental management. This project is developing a compact analyzer for measuring chromium ions in ground water that should… more
Abstract:The Compound Specific Analyzer?Combustion Products, used on the International Space Station as a warning monitor of smoldering or combustion events, is being phased out of service. Southwest Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a replacement laser-based analyzer using wavelength modulation… more
Abstract:This Phase I research project will investigate a novel method of operating an atomic magnetometer to simultaneously measure total magnetic fields and vector magnetic fields. Magnetometry has provided critical scientific information throughout the history of space exploration. The ideal magnetic… more
Abstract:Ensuring a safe air environment in manned spacecraft is critical to the success of all missions. Exposure to hazardous chemical species threatens the well-being of the crew and prevents them from fulfilling their tasks. While a wide variety of sensors currently are available to monitor such… more
Abstract:The development of rocket-based and turbine-based combined cycle engines are a high priority for transportation into space. In order to test components and systems, and certify life cycles for these engines, non-intrusive flow diagnostics are required. In particular, high-speed measurements of… more
Abstract:X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy is a widely used and extremely sensitive analytical technique for qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis. Superconducting Transition Edge Sensor (TES) microcalorimeter detectors have now been developed that achieve an energy resolution of 2 eV for 1.5 keV… more
Abstract:Development of the ballistic missile targets is a complex undertaking, particularly since radio-frequency (RF) blackout caused by plasma formation during re-entry complicates antenna designs for Global Positioning System (GPS) and telemetry signals. To minimize the cost of the design/build/test… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Stellar Science has developed innovative techniques for satellite conjunction processing using spatiotemporally indexed ephemeris data. Our algorithms first insert each satellite into a spatially aware data structure, such as a K-D Tree or a Spatial Hash Table, and then it scans the data… more
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