Abstract:Ambient methane makes a substantial contribution to the greenhouse gas effect. Rapid, widespread accurate measurements of ambient methane concentration are needed to include in environmental models. D.O.E. is particularly interested in methane measurements in the Arctic where rapid climatic change… more
Abstract:Knowing atmospheric 13CO2/12CO2 ratios precisely is important to understanding biogenic and anthroprogenic sources and sinks for carbon. However, instruments currently available have attributes that are not favorable for distributed UAV deployment; they are large, require a lot of power, are very… more
Abstract:Monitoring the root systems of plants is essential to improving models of crop productivity, soil carbon sequestration and biogeochemical cycling. Fine roots (considered to be smaller than 1-2 mm in diameter) are the dominant component of this system, with roots & lt;0.2 mm in diameter often… more
Abstract:Past industrial practices have resulted in groundwater that is contaminated by heavy metals. Long-term monitoring and maintenance is one of the largest costs of environmental management. This project is developing a compact analyzer for measuring chromium ions in ground water that should… more
Abstract:The Compound Specific Analyzer?Combustion Products, used on the International Space Station as a warning monitor of smoldering or combustion events, is being phased out of service. Southwest Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a replacement laser-based analyzer using wavelength modulation… more
Abstract:This Phase I research project will investigate a novel method of operating an atomic magnetometer to simultaneously measure total magnetic fields and vector magnetic fields. Magnetometry has provided critical scientific information throughout the history of space exploration. The ideal magnetic… more
Abstract:Ensuring a safe air environment in manned spacecraft is critical to the success of all missions. Exposure to hazardous chemical species threatens the well-being of the crew and prevents them from fulfilling their tasks. While a wide variety of sensors currently are available to monitor such… more
Abstract:The development of rocket-based and turbine-based combined cycle engines are a high priority for transportation into space. In order to test components and systems, and certify life cycles for these engines, non-intrusive flow diagnostics are required. In particular, high-speed measurements of… more
Abstract:X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy is a widely used and extremely sensitive analytical technique for qualitative and quantitative chemical analysis. Superconducting Transition Edge Sensor (TES) microcalorimeter detectors have now been developed that achieve an energy resolution of 2 eV for 1.5 keV… more
Abstract:Development of the ballistic missile targets is a complex undertaking, particularly since radio-frequency (RF) blackout caused by plasma formation during re-entry complicates antenna designs for Global Positioning System (GPS) and telemetry signals. To minimize the cost of the design/build/test… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Stellar Science has developed innovative techniques for satellite conjunction processing using spatiotemporally indexed ephemeris data. Our algorithms first insert each satellite into a spatially aware data structure, such as a K-D Tree or a Spatial Hash Table, and then it scans the data… more
Abstract:The rapid identification of ships from periscope and other imagery is a capability important to a variety of submarine missions, including sea control, anti-surface warfare, battle group support, covert operations landings, and ISR (intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance) operations. When… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: As the use of electromagnetic devices has skyrocketed in modern society, so too have concerns about the effects of these devices on the human body. With today"s technology Air Force and other researchers are only able to model the electromagnetic effects on the human body of… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Data integrity is essential for accurate and deterministic decision making in diverse military and commercial digital systems, and the most common cause of electronic data corruption for many of these systems is electromagnetic interference (EMI). Unexpected and unmitigated EMI,… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovative Research Phase 1 proposal requests $100,000 support for TechSource to identify and document feasible technology options to replace the White Sands Fast Burst Reactor (FBR); reference Army Topic Number A12-088,"Alternative Source for Neutron Generation. The U.S.… more
Abstract:The proposed work will result in a method for production of dense, hard, tough, strong tungten carbide (WC) ceramic material for ultimate use as the penetrating core in armor piercing projectiles. Focus is on the development and feasibility of a titanium silicon carbide (Ti3SiC2) based matrix as a… more
Abstract:Transportable energy storage systems are emerging products for grid-tied applications. High voltage pulse power systems are planned for assembly in standard shipping containers to allow for easy transportability. Unfortunately, the current capabilities of these systems are considered inadequate… more
Abstract:Thermally stable machine gun barrels that exceed current barrel life, reduce dispersion, and allow higher or longer sustained rates of fire, require erosion-resistant, high temperature materials and techniques to integrate them. The goal of this program is to eliminate the need to carry extra… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): According to the National Institutes of Health, there are more than 80 million people in the US who suffer from a potentially sight-threatening disease. Doctors see seven to eight million new cases of eye disease annually. More than two million Americans age 50… more
Abstract:Aerosol research remains a priority area and requires strong efforts to resolve the very complex processes that occur in the atmosphere. To understand aerosol formation and their implications on climate the study of precursors provides very valuable information. Ammonia is one of the most… more
Abstract:Aircraft On-Board Oxygen Generating System (OBOGS) selectively filters compressed air from the aircraft's engine to remove nitrogen and other gaseous contaminants to provide the aircrew with an oxygen enriched breathing gas. During shipboard operations, Navy aircraft are particularly vulnerable… more
Abstract:The successful results of the Phase I work will be utilized by implementing an optimized ultra-short pulse Optical Parametric Chirped Pulse Amplifier at an eye safer Short Wave InfraRed (SWIR) wavelength. The system will be designed with a goal of 1 kHz repetition rate and will ultimately reach a… more
Abstract:To address the Army"s Phase-II requirements for a low-cost chaos-based radar demonstrator, TechFlow and its research partners- the University of New Mexico and Forza Silicon Corp., will implement and test a prototype E-band chaos radar system incorporating a coherent receiver. In Phase I, the… more
Abstract:To address PEO Ground Systems requirements for a low-cost system that can determine and display convoy vehicle spacing in low visibility conditions, TechFlow will adapt the capabilities of its innovative millimeter-wave coherent chaotic radar technology, currently being developed under an… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Mission planning, briefing, and debriefing in live virtual constructive (LVC) exercises has become a distributed operation. These exercises produce mission data that must be disseminated to all local and remote players for instructional and research purposes. The warfighter"s… more
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