Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop and commercialize an imaging sensor capable of rapid, non?]intrusive, spatially?]resolved measurement of temperature, and concentration of chemical species in combustion systems. This imaging sensor system incorporates… more
Abstract:i6 Membership for Southwest Sciences, Inc Phase II proposal #0646479 i6 Proposal #: 1119658 Southwest Sciences, Inc has requested support for a one year membership to the New Mexico Technology Ventures Corporation that was recently selected as the recipient of the Economic Development… more
Abstract:Southwest Sciences proposes to continue the development of a rugged, compact, and automated instrument for the high sensitivity measurement of tropospheric carbon monoxide (CO) and methane. The application of recently developed room temperature vertical cavity diode lasers (VCSELs)operating near… more
Abstract:Knowing atmospheric 13CO2/12CO2 ratios precisely is important to understanding biogenic and anthroprogenic sources and sinks for carbon. Currently available field deployable instrumentation have unfavourable attributes such as high power requirements, are extremely expensive, are too large, are not… more
Abstract:The release of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels and other anthropogenic sources is considered to be the major cause of global warming, with potentially damaging economic and environmental effects worldwide. The sources and sinks of these gases and the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Developing the quick strike capability of the Air Force requires hypersonic testing using advanced instrumentation to determine key aerodynamic parameters. A novel method for stand-off measurement of gas velocity is proposed. The method should operate over a wide dynamic range, from still… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Southwest Sciences proposes the development of an inlet unstart detector based on the measurement of flow velocity at very high bandwidth using lower power electronics and simpler analyses within a compact footprint. Early detection of thermal choking and engine unstart in the isolator… more
Abstract:The development of laser standoff detection systems for toxic gases is proposed. The systems will use new broadly tunable distributed feedback (DFB) lasers operating in the mid-infrared spectral region. The laser technology has already demonstrated a capability for significant wavelength tuning. The… more
Abstract:X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) is a powerful tool used to study the local molecular and electronic structure of specific elements in a broad range of samples ranging from chemicals and biological samples or tissues to soils and rocks. To achieve the utmost sensitivity, X-ray detectors are… more
Abstract:A new class of soft X-ray detectors based on superconducting tunnel junctions that offers both excellent energy resolution as well as high count rate capabilities is now becoming available. These advanced detectors operate at around 0.3 K and require a cryogenic refrigeration system and temperature… more
Abstract:To reduce the cost of new hardware development, the Missile Defense Agency (MDA) is developing fast new computational tools that enable in-the-loop hardware testing. The MDA and contractors have developed high-fidelity scene modeling tools such as the Fast Line-of-sight Imagery for Target and… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Recent Airborne Tactical Laser (ATL) field testing demonstrated that high-energy laser (HEL)-induced obscurants could break the tracking systems lock on the aimpoint, negating the HEL attack. When an HEL engages a target surface, particles may be emitted from the surface that obscure the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The overall purpose of Phase I is to demonstrate the feasibility of our approach by developing a working prototype of the approach. The three main concepts we will demonstrate are 1) a relational data model and database of the diverse information encountered in modeling, simulation and… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Hydrogen powered fuel cells are promising next generation power source technologies for automobiles and many other portable and mobile electronics. However, application of the technology is greatly hindered by current hydrogen storage technology due to low storage capacity and… more
Abstract:This Phase II effort will demonstrate a standard method of measuring the high-temperature, inter-laminar tensile (HT-ILT) strength of ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs). Jet engines with higher turbine gas temperatures for higher specific thrust and efficiencies require the use of SiC/SiC CMCs with… more
Abstract:The Air Force has a need for improved power supplies to service anti-tamper (AT) systems. The current approach, primary batteries, because of power draw requirements is oversized and bulky and subject to degradation over long storage periods. While energy harvesting (EH) devices are a possibility,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Electrically driven technologies are replacing hydraulic, pneumatic and mechanical systems in new military aircraft designs to improve capability, reliability and maintainability. This transition requires high performance electronic components capable of operating over a wide temperature… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): VisionQuest Biomedical and the University of New Mexico (UNM) Health Science Center have formed a team to implement and demonstrate a thermal-optical imaging system for detecting and quantifying neuronal and microvascular dysfunction associated with… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Real-time image quality is a critical requirement in a number of healthcare environments. Additionally, non-real-time applications, such as research and drug studies suffer loss of data due to unusable (untradeable) retinal images. Several published reports… more
Abstract:Volcanic research is a significant part of the "Earth Surface & Interior" focus area of the NASA Earth Science program. Of particular interest are sensors for measuring the chemical composition and emission rate of gases released by volcanoes, from magma to the atmosphere, both prior… more
Abstract:Volcanic research is a significant part of the "Earth Surface & Interior" focus area of the NASA Earth Science program. After a volcanic eruption, the smallest ash particles can remain in the atmosphere for days to months affecting public health in the surrounding regions and the… more
Abstract:Measurement of atmospheric carbon dioxide on balloonsondes is a challenge to optical detection methods. High sensitivity, precision, and selectivity are required in a rugged, compact, lightweight package. Altitude-resolved atmospheric carbon dioxide detection on balloons is a critical component of… more
Abstract:Understanding global warming requires continuous field measurements of carbon dioxide concentrations. High-precision measurements of a part-in-3000, or better, are required. However, these high-performance instruments must meet stringent cost objectives. A simple, rugged, infrared spectrometer can… more
Abstract:Aerosol research remains a priority area and requires strong efforts to resolve the very complex processes that occur in the atmosphere. To understand aerosol formation and their implications on climate the study of precursors provides very valuable information. Ammonia is one of the most important… more
Abstract:Although carbon dioxide remains the most cited greenhouse gas, other gases play important roles in climate change. Carbon monoxide measurements are probably the most important gas phase measurements to be performed in the field to track pollution, to fingerprint sources and to separate dynamics from… more
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