Abstract:Plastics and petroleum-based foams are a conventional solution for the material needs of many industries. Today these non-biodegradable, fossil fuel derived products compose 13 percent of all municipal solid waste streams, as opposed to 1 percent in 1960. This waste stream is associated with a… more
Abstract:Soilless growth mediums widely used throughout the horticultural industry are either synthetic in origin, or require synthetic chemicals and energy-intensive processing. Ecovative & #39;s biomaterial consists of a self-assembling moldable mass of fungal mycelium, which acts as a biological resin… more
Abstract:Ecovative & #39;s vision is to grow sustainable products that directly replace the toxic plastics that poison our planet. The use and handling of phenol-formaldehyde foams and resins in the floricultural industry have documented environmental health and safety concerns. Although the physical… more
Abstract:Modern civilization relies on a network of embedded devices that are (i) riddled with security vulnerabilities and (ii) remotely hackable. Unfortunately,
there seems to be near universal neglect for ensuring the security of these devices. Moreover, the existing IT solutions, such as antivirus… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Cloud computing promises dramatic savings through economies of scale for the government and private sectors, but is also brings security concerns. There is a particular need to prevent faults in or attacks occuring on a virtual machine (VM) from affecting the virtual machines of other… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This project, Analysis Tools for Software Surety (ANTSS) will improve both requirements management and program analysis tools for critical software development and V & V. First, building from existing products and technology, GrammaTech will construct an integrated tool suite of… more
Abstract:As supply chains expand globally, there is a growing risk that computer systems may contain counterfeit hardware components. For subverting trust, a malicious hardware component could automatically identify and exfiltrate sensitive computation and data du
Abstract:A modern computer system consists of a complex combination of applications cooperating with the operating system and each other to accomplish a mission. Components of the system are subject to disruption from accidental malfunctions and deliberate attacks
Abstract:Accurate safety analysis of software suffers from a lack of appropriate tools for software developers. Current automated tools require approximate analyses; fully-assured verification with formal methods is expert-intensive. A key to improvement is machine-checkable specifications for software… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Recreational use of prescription opioids among adolescents is a significant and growing public health concern and has been referred to as an emerging epidemic in the U.S. Although a number of science-based, interactive,drug-abuse prevention programs exist focused… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The 2011 launches of ORS-1and TacSat-4 have demonstrated the feasibility to rapidly deploy spacecraft. These successes and progress on the Modular Space Vehicle, along with standardization (Space Plug and Play Architecture) continue to show promise in a responsive space architecture… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Autonomous vehicles lack a standardized mechanism for seamless cross-platform sharing of testing frameworks and evaluations of basic tasks. The ability to execute common tests on various hardware platforms is essential in order to be able to efficiently compare and contrast the… more
Abstract:NASA continues to be interested in returning to the Lunar surface. The Lunar surface is a harsh and unforgiving environment. Perhaps most challenging is the drastic and length thermal cycle surface equipment will experience on the surface. Standard spacecraft electronics and batteries cannot survive… more
Abstract:Future Venus or Comet mission architectures may feature robotic sampling systems comprised of a Sampling Tool and Deployment Mechanism. Since 2005, Honeybee has been developing extreme-temperature motors, position sensors, brakes, and gearboxes, resulting in multiple successful demonstrations of… more
Abstract:The proposed Phase II investigation will focus on the development of spacecraft systems required to obtain a sample from the nucleus of a comet, hermetically seal the sample within a capsule, and return the sealed sample to an orbiting spacecraft which can return the sample to Earth. A systems level… more
Abstract:We propose to design, build, and test a sample acquisition drill weighing less than 1 kg. The drill uses a novel method of core or powder acquisition, and is suitable for both use by both robotic platforms and astronauts. The core acquisition bit can be used for either a rock core, icy-soil or loose… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase 1 project proposes to develop a discrete, powered, lower-extremity orthotic walking aid to restore function to the injured or disabled. While the majority of current similar systems aim to ?amplify? human strength and performance beyond normal,… more
Abstract:The ability to capture wide instantaneous bandwidth with high fidelity is essential for analysis of various signals-of-interest. Superconductor analog-to-digital converters (ADC) offer discriminating advantages in both bandwidth and fidelity due to very high sampling rates (up to 100 GHz… more
Abstract:HYPRES, in collaboration with University of Arkansas (UA), proposes to develop a method for manufacturing superconductor multi-chip modules (MCMs) using nano-engineered cryogenic adhesives. A superconductor MCM comprises a carrier and several flipped chips. Before final assembly on the carrier,… more
Abstract:Successful cryopackaging of superconductor Digital-RF Receivers relies on efficient electrical wiring of superconductor chips attached to the cryocooler. High-quality DC and RF cables are currently made of normal metals and are optimized for specific current and frequency ranges respectively. This… more
Abstract:HYPRES, in collaboration with MIT Lincoln Laboratory and ISQC, proposes to transition superconducting parametric amplifier technology into a robust line of products. In Phase I, we will develop three varieties of superconducting low-noise amplifiers (LNAs) in compact cryogenic microwave packages.… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: In this STTR phase II, HYPRES and University of California San Diego team will demonstrate a small size, weight and power, wideband (2 MHz to 2 GHz) receiver prototype based on SQUID array technology. Our SQUID array designs are based on highly linear bi-SQUID and SQUID cells arranged… more
Abstract:To ensure constant reliable operation of mission-critical hydraulic actuators, the actuators are completely overhauled on a set schedule, which often means significant system downtime plus labor time and effort is expended overhauling perfectly functional actuators. To address these and other issues… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: An experimental and computational effort is proposed to develop a data-driven experimentally-validated framework for analysis of plastically bonded energetic materials at meso and micro scales. A unique data-mining strategy and model reduction technology based on thermodynamics and… more
Abstract:An integrated oil quality and debris monitoring system is proposed to provide automated oil analysis capability directly on-platform. The overall program objective is to develop a packaging with form factor and interconnections that permit direct substitution of existing debris monitoring systems on… more
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