Abstract:To meet the critical security needs of the Department of Homeland Security and others, we propose two methods for providing a secure root of trust for
mobile devices. One method is designed to integrate as easily into existing systems, while the other requires deeper integration but… more
Abstract:It is all too common for a project to create software that is hard to maintain, inefficient, bug-ridden, late, and over-budget. Software flaws resulting from this current state of affairs are no longer an inconvenience but are the primary source of software security vulnerabilities. Motivated by… more
Abstract:Unmanned vehicles are becoming an increasingly valuable tool within the Department of Defense, and related technologies are beginning to appear in commercial systems. As their utilization grows, these unmanned systems will become a significant target for cyber attack. Indeed, existing Defense… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Many fathers are unprepared for the stressors accompanying divorce that disrupt their effective parenting skills. Divorce rates remain high and fathers are gaining more custodial responsibilities than in the past, yet divorced fathers remain a vastly underserved… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Approximately one out of every nine elementary (PreK to grade 5) students within the United States is classified as an English Language Learner (ELL), with numbers expected to reach as high as one in four by 2025 (Ortizand Pagan, 2009). More than 75% of these… more
Abstract:PROJECT SUMMARY The central aim of this project, Mi Nueva Familia (My New Family) (MNF): Media-based, Spanish-language, culturally relevant parenting education for divorced or separated Latino families, is to develop parenting education that protects children from the risks of maladjustment,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this Phase II project, ADAPT Online (After Deployment: Adaptive Parenting Tools), is to strengthen family functioning and improve child outcomes in reintegrating military families. By developing an empirically supported, standalone, web-based… more
Abstract:LightSmyth is a US based manufacturer of high power high efficiency polarization insensitive diffraction grating using unique, cost-efficient and high fidelity manufacturing technology. Gratings are etched into fused silica substrate and contain no organics or polymers. They may be as large as 150… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project is focused on the demonstration of a real-time high-contrast Terahertz (THz) imaging system, based on frequency upconversion of THz images into the near infrared (NIR) spectral range. Due to low power of compact THz sources and poor… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this Phase I we will develop and evaluate the first unit of an online serious game for foster and primary parents of neglected children. The goal of the training is to learn how parents in these two historically compartmentalized roles can improve their… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Marital discord is a significant risk factor for a range of negative mental and physical health outcomes.1, 2 Individuals in unhappy relationships experience increases in stress, anxiety, functional impairment, and depressive symptoms3 and are at significant risk… more
Abstract:This proposal outlines a project aimed at providing a radical improvement in ion source technology that can be applied to the mass spectrometric analysis of actinides. The state-of-the-art secondary ion mass spectrometers (SIMS) employ the duoplasmatron ion source to create the primary ion beam for… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The objective of this project is to create a web-based, interactive health communication application [IHCA]1 that promotes healthy physical and social development in young girls and adolescents with mild to moderate intellectual disability (MTM-ID). The program, … more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The purpose of this application is to develop and evaluate the feasibility of an interactive, web-based HIV prevention curriculum for youth with intellectual disabilities (ID) (I.Q. approximately 55 through 70). A recent longitudinal study of male and female… more
Abstract:We build a system that supports the weather information needs of Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) planning to fly in the National Airspace System (NAS). This weather information service will supply information to UAS Ground Control Stations (GCSs) from the Next Generation Air Transportation System… more
Abstract:We build a tool that accelerates Research and Development (R & D) aimed at introducing Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) into the National Airspace System (NAS). In the proposed effort, FACET will form the basis of a collaborative R & D platform, an environment where users can share open… more
Abstract:We proposes to build a prototype Convective-Induced Turbulence (CIT) hazard detection system based on total lightning sensing as an indicator of the location and severity of in-cloud CIT. Total lightning is the combination of cloud-to-ground and in-cloud lightning and has been shown to correlate… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): PROJECT SUMMARY Although prophylactic vaccines have potential for prevention of high risk human papilloma virus (HPV) infection they have no therapeutic efficacy. It has been estimated that there will be no measurable decline of HPV- associated tumors before 2040… more
Abstract:An Advanced Microgravity Compatible, Integrated laundry System (AMCILS) is proposed that uses a two phase water / water vapor system to allow good agitation of clothing during the wash & rinse cycle. Drying will be accomplished utilizing microwave energy addition and "jet" air flow to… more
Abstract:A compact microgravity and hypogravity compatible vacuum device is proposed to provide medical suction and containment of extracted fluids. The proposed aspirator will draw up to 40 L/min of air and produce a nominal vacuum of 500-mm Hg, which is comparable to commercially available medical… more
Abstract:The U.S. Arctic continues to be one of the most difficult places on Earth for year-round scientific observations and research, and ice sheet and sea level changes have been explicitly identified as a current priority in the Presidents Climate Change Science Program, the Arctic Climate Impact… more
Abstract:Megapixel-class imaging systems with single-photon sensitivity, high time resolution (sub-ns), and the capabilities to detect and process photons at high rates (above 108 detected photons per second) are highly desirable for a number of DOE, homeland security, national defense, and nuclear medicine… more
Abstract:SiPMs have received significant investigation over recent years, because they offer potential as a solid-state single- photon-sensitive alternative to photomultipliers (PMTs), but their performance does not meet the needs of science, and there are no commercial fabs capable of manufacturing them… more
Abstract:Available 2D multi-wire proportional counters (MWPC) are limited by their low global count-rate capability and are insufficient for imaging X-raycrystal spectroscopy (XCS) experiments. Solid state X-ray pixilated array detectors have been shown to overcome this problem. However, large area solid… more
Abstract:For the purposes of advancing integral field spectrograph (IFS) microlens capabilities, a new class of high-quality optics-grade nanostructured organic-inorganic nanocomposite three-dimensional (3D) gradient index (GRIN) microlens optical materials is proposed. In the Phase I program, solid state… more
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