Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Current cancer management options include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery, immunotherapy, monoclonal antibody therapy and other experimental treatments. The treatment regimen is dependent upon the location andgrade of the tumor, the stage of the disease… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The past decade has seen growing concern over the nonmedical use of prescription opioids and over substantial increases in public health consequences of prescription opioid misuse. Increased rates of neonatal abstinencesyndrome, a constellation of symptoms… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Company's business and research efforts are focused on developing and commercializing a novel drug delivery approach to prevent the abnormal ingrowth of tissue (intimal hyperplasia) that can block the flow of bloodthrough artificial blood vessels… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Response to an Emergency Cesarean Delivery (ECD) at rural hospitals is complicated not only by inefficiencies in monitoring and early detection of fetal and/or maternal distress during labor, but by the conditions of the rural settin. Many rural hospitals lack… more
Abstract:The so-called"software crisis"is continuing unabated. It is all too common for a software project to create software that is hard to maintain, inefficient, bug-ridden, late, and over-budget. Software flaws resulting from this current state of affairs are no longer an inconvenience but… more
Abstract:DoD operations and infrastructure increasingly depends on software, which makes it an attractive target for our adversaries. Not surprisingly, deception plays a central role in most cyberattacks. To better protect these critical systems, we propose to design and build an"active… more
Abstract:We propose to build a separation kernel with stronger evidence of correctness than any current product on the market. We will do this by building on work done by Australia's National Information Communications Technology Research Center (NICTA), which includes a complete code-level formal proof… more
Abstract:Many hardware trojans depend on (a) the ability of an attacker to have an accurate model of the target system and of key software used on that system and (b) identification of one or more deterministic trigger conditions with low observability (i.e., conditions that evade detection by traditional… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Northwest UAV Propulsion Systems Develops and Manufactures heavy fuel engines for UAVs and is proposing using a purpose built engine for a ScanEagle sized UAS combined with a novel Axial Flux Motor/Generator system and a electric clutch system currently availalbe as a COTS item. We have… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The application's broad, long-term objectives are to develop a rapid, high-throughput clinical assay for 3' fibrinogen that will be used to assess the risk of a patient developing venous thromboembolism. This assay willguide clinical management,… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will substantially and rapidly increase environmental and food safety by testing the feasibility of using carbon nano-tube covered sensors to electrochemically detect the amount of mercury in substances such as water or fish, by… more
Company:Lao K LLCAgency/Program/Year/Phase:EPA / SBIR / 2011 / 2
Abstract:Interior wood composite panels are widely used for furniture, bookshelf, kitchen cabinets, flooring, and other building materials, and are predominantly made with carcinogenic urea-formaldehyde (UF) resin. New formaldehyde-free wood adhesives that mainly consist of abundant, renewable, and readily… more
Abstract:Under the Phase I program the"Quantum Engineering Design, Inc"(QED) team comprising, QED as prime contractor,"Marinette Marine Corporation"(MMC),"Alion Science and Technology Corporation"(AST) and"Kepner Plastics Fabricators, Inc"(KPF) as subcontractors,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): People with intellectual disabilities (ID) have rates of obesity greater than the general population. They often have poor energy dense diets and tend to be inactive. This group also experiences a high prevalence of health related problems: cancer, diabetes,… more
Abstract:Coal-fired electric power generating plants are under increasing pressure to reduce CO2 and other toxic emissions. However, using alternative fuels, such as solid biomass as a greenhouse gas neutral fuel, requires substantial plant modifications. In addition, burning biomass contributes to slagging… more
Abstract:Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) stand to improve and modernize the software development cycle for High Performance Computing (HPC). However, conventional IDEs are focused on relatively homogeneous architectures and software stacks. In many cases IDE based development is simply not an… more
Abstract:The project will develop and evaluate a systematic methodology to evolve legacy CFD wake modeling tools for rotorcraft engineering from sequential to parallel execution on high-performance workstations. The work will focus on sparse-grid elliptic solvers found in packages such as HELIX-IA due to… more
Abstract:This project develops and evaluates HealthChecker, a web-based application. The design employs a cognitively accessible graphic user interface to lead an individual with cognitive disabilities through a daily self-assessment routine, querying the presence or absence of symptoms such as physical pain… more
Abstract:This project develops a prototype of a web-based self-management application for individuals with cognitive disabilities and those who support them. The application uses a database of an individual’s life and needs to provide relevant, actionable, and accessible data to the consumer, family… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Phonemic awareness, defined as ... the ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds in spoken words (National Institute for Literacy, 2000), is considered a necessary skill for literacy. The financial and quality-of-life costs of these… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): According to the MarkeTrak VII survey (Kochkin 2008), there are roughly 35 million individuals in the US with some degree of hearing loss. Of these, almost 10 million have hearing aids and 67,000 have cochlear implants.The goal of auditory (re)habilitation (AR)… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Stuttering is a communication disorder characterized by disfluencies that may be frequent or disruptive to communication. Clinicians make extensive use of disfluency counts, for diagnosis, to assess treatment progress,and to document treatment outcomes. SLPs… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): More than 100,000 synthetic chemicals are used in a variety of domestic, industrial, and agricultural applications, resulting in contamination of precious water with many harmful toxins. Various toxic organic chemicalsamong those have a potential to cause a… more
Abstract:A breakthrough high speed approach to measure velocity, position, pressure and temperature during burn, deflagration and detonation of highly energetic materials has been successfully demonstrated during Phase I using specially designed fiber grating sensor assemblies. Phase II is directed toward… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Professionals in the field of school psychology, child mental Health and special education are well aware of the positive impact that early screening, intervention and prevention efforts can have in reducing later, disruptive behavior disorders among at-risk… more
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