Abstract:Current software build environments limit developer productivity and code portability because there is no widely available program symbol resolution framework capable of indexing an entire computer system in an easily query-able database representation. For large, Linux
Abstract:SaaS and Cloud Computing is rapidly growing in commercial use; it also offers an attractive deployment infrastructure for HPC/Scientific applications and government services and applications. This delivery model demands that software developers be nimble, delivering new capabilities in short… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop a low-cost and high-efficiency multi-junction solar technology. Currently, most of low-cost thin-film solar technologies remain at efficiencies that are too low for the residential market, whereas high-efficiency… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project proposes to develop a mobile, easy-to-use, patient oriented, advanced Home Hemodialysis (HD) system that minimizes the use of water and medical wastes, and importantly, minimizes loss of nutrients. End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will demonstrate a wearable thermoelectric energy harvesting prototype generating sufficient energy for a wireless transceiver powered by the heat of the human body. The human body generates approximately 20mW/cm2, yet harvesting that… more
Abstract:This SBIR project will develop a novel reactor design for UV/TiO2 photocatalysis. Specifically, the degradation of MTBE will be investigated and the project will then look at byproduct formation. Additionally, optimizing the system by adding oxygen as an electron acceptor and H2O2 as an… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): An estimated 30% of chronic stroke patients with motor disabilities of the limbs are plegic in the hand or the foot - that is, they cannot move the hand or foot. While some plegic stroke patients have completely paralyz
ed muscles, without the ability to activate… more
Abstract:This project develops and evaluates the feasibility of a client-server application that integrates accessible life management tools for individuals with disabilities and those who support them in residential environments to improve the independent living capacity of persons with cognitive… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Augmentative and alternative communication devices with voice output (also known as Speech Generating Devices, or SGDs) enable individuals to speak by electronic means. Typical users of SGDs are individuals who have suffered from a stroke, traumatic brain injury,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Today, arsenic (As) poisoning is one of the major environmental threats worldwide as millions of human beings have been exposed to excessive arsenic through contaminated drinking water. The serious toxicity of arsenic h
as been well documented. Worldwide,… more
Abstract:Distributed fiber grating sensor technology is used to support the measurement of key blast wave parameters including position, velocity, pressure and temperature. The system will support and characterize existing propellants and explosives and be used to demonstrate the difference between materials… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): While it is well known that the brain undergoes rapid developmental changes from birth to early childhood, remarkably little is understood about the relationship between changes in brain size and composition and normal
cognitive development. Yet we now know that… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-term objective of the proposed project is to design a low-profile, high-resistive, MRI-compatible dense array EEG sensor net for simultaneous dEEG/fMRI recordings in fields as high as 7 Tesla. This novel sensor
net (256-channel InkNet) will use… more
Abstract:We propose an improved cathode based on our novel theory of the role of scandium oxide in enhancing emission in tungsten impregnate cathodes. Recent results have demonstrated the efficacy of nano-particle scandium oxide, but a detailed theory on mechanism has been lacking. Our theory explains… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Stroke and heart attack are the leading causes of mortality and grave morbidity. The goal of this Fast-Track STTR grant application is to enable preclinical investigation of WE-thrombin, a bioengineered protein C activa
tor enzyme for the treatment of severe,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This Phase I SBIR grant will support the initial commercial development of a single dose injectable biological product candidate, recombinant humanized anti-factor XI monoclonal therapeutic anticoagulant antibody, towar
ds an investigational new drug (IND)… more
Abstract:Many hardware trojans depend on (a) the ability of an attacker to have an accurate model of the target system and of key software used on that system and (b) identification of one or more deterministic trigger conditions with low observability (i.e., conditions that evade detection by traditional… more
Abstract:Mobile applications are becoming ubiquitous, appearing in many new situations. Some of these areas have specific requirements pertaining to information flow and device functionality. However, software on these devices is currently unregulated, and there are mechanisms within the mobile operating… more
Abstract:Ensuring User Interface consistency is extremely difficult---manual review and developer coordination is required to achieve uniform interaction metaphors across operating systems, web browsers, applications, and disparate devices. This is complicated by the capabilities of various UI toolkits and… more
Abstract:Previous separation kernels have been based on safety-critical, real-time embedded operating systems meeting the FAA's DO-178B certification criteria. We believe that these systems' heritage emphasizes trustworthiness over cost, and results in a solution better suited for embedded environments. We… more
Abstract:Grid computing, the application of many loosely-coupled computers in federation to provide shared resources makes significant compute or storage capabilities accessible to distributed teams of researchers. In doing so, it also poses a challenge: How do distributed teams collaborate effectively… more
Abstract:Modern High Performance Computing utilizes a variety of different hardware and software platforms. These differences make it difficult to develop reusable components, which lead to a significant decrease of productivity. Our goal is to investigate the design of portable build systems that are simple… more
Abstract:When considering high-performance parallel computers, it is easy to overlook the importance of disk storage. In this proposal, we seek to address the topic of disk storage for parallel computers, and create a deployable, robust file system that will reduce downtime due to faults and increase… more
Abstract:Red alder is the predominant commercial hardwood species of the Pacific Northwest. It is an early successional species that rapidly regenerates following fire or clearcutting and normally precedes the establishment of the historically preferred Douglas-fir. As such, past conifer forestry management… more
Abstract:We will develop a novel hemostatic, antimicrobial, resorbable, nanofiber dressing utilizing proven hemorrhage control technology in combination with novel advanced technologies. The nanofiber dressing will be prepared using scaleable NanospiderT electrospinning technology. Nanofiber Based Dressing… more
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