Abstract:Future NASA and commercial missions will increasingly target destinations with challenging topography and limited communication including unmapped asteroids, comets, and outer planet moons; surface rendezvous sites for sample return; and challenging sites like polar peaks, crater rims, and skylights… more
Abstract:Advances in computer-aided mission planning can enhance mission operations and science return for surface missions to Mars, the Moon, and beyond. While the innovations envisioned by this program are broadly applicable, they serve an immediate and urgent need for missions to prospect for volatiles at… more
Abstract:We propose to develop a Modular Sonar Identification System (MoSIS) (Figure 1). MoSIS will be designed to integrate with the PMS-485 Shallow Water Surveillance System (SWSS). MoSIS will be designed to provide low Size, Weight, and Power (SWaP) capabilities for advanced sonar signal processing. MoSIS… more
Abstract:Humans are continually subjected to an overwhelming stream of visual, auditory, olfactory, and touch stimuli. We operate effectively because we are capable of focusing attention on the relevant items, and capable of accurately perceiving tiny discrepancies that are most relevant to our survival… more
Abstract:Most current teleoperated ground vehicle systems require a high-bandwidth link to support either real-time streaming video or streamed 3D structure back to the operator control unit, and experience significant performance degradation in the presence of communication latencies as small as 100… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Neya Systems, LLC is proposing to develop the Unmanned Systems PeRception Evaluation Simulation System (UxPRESS). UxPRESS provides significant opportunities to increase the state of the art for autonomy by tightly coupling the development and evaluation of perception algorithms with… more
Abstract:Fixed wing UAVs such as the Predator, Global Hawk, and Shadow have become invaluable C4ISR and force projection assets. They have acted as force multiplers, have reduced risk to human personnel, and have enabled new tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs). Use of Vertical Takeoff and Landing… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The production of 3D models from aerial imagery has been an active research area for many years. Given sufficient image texture and a variety of divergent camera viewpoints, camera pose and scene structure are fully recoverable. Further, software for fully reconstructing a scene from an… more
Abstract:The increase in extreme weather events over the past several decades has underscored the need for regional planning strategies that will support future preparedness and mitigate climate change impact on local communities across the United States. While existing climate modeling tools for… more
Abstract:Physical vulnerability, visual impairment, mobility limitations, and cognitive disorders can make selecting a safe & accessible walking route very challenging for many older adults. Familiar online mapping & wayfinding services can be helpful, but they do not answer important questions about the… more
Abstract:Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT) proposes the development of an advanced finned-tube heat exchanger with an integrated phase distributor. Studies have shown that the heat transfer improvements available in the commercial market allow for smaller and lighter heat exchangers compared to… more
Abstract:Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT) proposes the development of an Environmental Control Unit (ECU) that uses an integrated Phase Change Material (PCM) to provide thermal energy storage. The PCM is contained within the system. During the thermal energy regeneration or collection stages of… more
Abstract:Industrial and utility applications utilizing dry cooling for condensing process steam are less efficient than their closed-loop cooling counterparts, resulting in higher energy consumption and operating costs. However, dry cooling is a necessary process in areas where cooling water supply is not… more
Abstract:An innovative, high destruction efficiency, and low fuel consumption VOCs incinerator is proposed to reduce VOCs from condensate tank, or other low heat value waste gas emissions from different air pollution sources. The proposed technology use highly effective heat recirculation to extend the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project proposes to develop and demonstrate a test apparatus for determining the minimum hot surface ignition (HSI) temperature of flammable liquids. Flammable liquids leaking onto hot surfaces, such as those in an aircraft engine… more
Abstract:The proposed study will investigate several technology concepts capable of producing hydrogen on site from water and supplying it to an operating marine diesel engine. Addition of a small amount of hydrogen to the intake air-fuel charge can enable the engine to operate with better performance,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT) proposes to develop a Liquid Desiccant (LD) based Air Washer (AW) by utilizing Vortical-flow, Direct-contact Mass Exchanger (VDMX) technology recently developed by ACT. This system is based on principles similar to conventional Liquid Desiccant… more
Abstract:NASA GRC is developing fission power system technology for future space transportation and surface power applications. The early systems are envisioned in the 10 to 100kWe range and have an anticipated design life of 8 to 15 years with no maintenance. A non-nuclear system ground test in… more
Abstract:The proposed program will develop titanium/water heat pipes suitable for Spacecraft Fission Power. NASA is examining small fission power reactors for future space applications with the most recent being Kilopower, which provides roughly 1 kW of electric power. Kilopower uses titanium/water heat… more
Abstract:Thermal control systems are sized for the maximum heat load in the warmest continuous environment. This design process results in a larger radiator surface area than is needed for portions of a mission where the heat load is lower or the environment is colder. Now that NASA is refocusing its human… more
Abstract:In response to NASA SBIR solicitation H3.01 "Thermal Control for Future Human Exploration", Advanced Cooling Technologies, Inc. (ACT) is proposing a novel Phase Change Material (PCM) vapor chamber to ameliorate the temperature fluctuations encountered during planetary (or lunar) orbit. … more
Abstract:The thermal transport requirements for future spacecraft missions continue to increase, approaching several kilowatts. At the same time the heat acquisition areas have trended downward, thereby increasing the incident heat flux. Current incident heat flux for laser diode applications is on the order… more
Abstract:Future human spacecraft will venture far beyond the relatively benign environment of low Earth orbit. They will transit through the deep space, but they may encounter warm transient environments such as low lunar orbit. Some spacecraft elements may be launched untended and would operate at… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this research program is to develop a novel small molecule inhibitor of latent Epstein-Barr Virus (EBV) infection. EBV is a ubiquitous gamma- herpesvirus that has been classified by the World Health Organization as a human carcinogen. Vironika, with… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Mucositis caused by excessive inflammation within the gastrointestinal tract is a costly and debilitating toxicity commonly experienced by patients receiving radiation and/or drugs as cancer therapy. Sphingolipids are being increasingly recognized as key… more
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