Abstract:The Tai-Yang Research Company (TYRC) proposes to address the need for high temperature superconducting (HTS) current leads used in an adiabatic
demagnetization refrigerator (ADR) for space applications, presently being developed at the NASA / Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). The innovation is to… more
Abstract:There is a critical need for integrated material prediction tools to assure the United States future competitiveness and national security. Extensive libraries of integrated computational tools are available for structures, heat transfer, fluid dynamics, electronics and manufacturing. These tools… more
Abstract:The overall objective of this proposed effort is to build a gearbox system life simulator that is capable of estimating loads and life of components (e.g., recommended removal time) based on the users"drive system design parameters (dimension, weight, diameter, number of teeth, material, loads,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Current aircraft design approaches incorporate the use of many high fidelity models for point solutions of individual disciplines. Sophisticated model integration techniques are not yet readily available and a significant amount of individual discipline"stovepiping"exists.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide. Current therapies for cardiovascular disease are associated with partial success, restricted access, delays, possible neurotoxicity and other important limitations. Our goal is to develop a novel… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Molecular interactions are central to the understanding of basic biology and cellular function, are paramount to all molecular assays (research and in vitro diagnostics), are essential in biomarker discovery and critical toward evaluating therapeutics. However,… more
Abstract:The enabling solid state semiconductor technology in modern electronics and radar systems increases their vulnerability to the effects of high power, fast rise-time EMP, HPM, and UWB pulses. In recent years, significant advances in the technology used to produce these pulses have been made in the… more
Abstract:Currently available soldering and heat gun systems have several significant deficiencies that can result in lower quality repairs and higher maintenance costs. The existing soldering irons naturally lead to cross-contamination between leaded and lead-free solders, resulting in degraded solder joints… more
Abstract:Accurate Automation Corporation (AAC) proposes to develop a new method for ensuring that workflow processes are opaque to the enemy. That is, the enemy cannot produce effective counter operations by leveraging knowledge of how U.S. Army institutions work. Simultaneously, the U.S. Army's internal… more
Abstract:Accurate Automation Corporation (AAC) will have two existing NAVSEA 1 kW fiber laser amplifiers modified to correct a previously identified problem of four-wave mixing. After testing to verify performance of the refurbished laser amplifiers, AAC will conduct tests with this equipment using a passive… more
Abstract:The designs of many existing Pressurized Water Reactors (PWRs) incorporate a Digital Rod Position Indication (DRPI) system to monitor the positions of the control and shutdown rods within the reactor. These DRPI systems have been in service for over 30 years in nuclear power stations worldwide, and… more
Abstract:Research reactors in the United States use numerous motors, compressors, fans, turbines, and other rotating equipment that need systematic maintenance. These devices could benefit from advanced predictive maintenance techniques that have become available in recent years. Although some reactor… more
Abstract:The Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) has a long history of service to the nation and is expected to continue to operate for many more years. Recently, ATR was designated as a user facility, making it accessible to a wider spectrum of researchers, engineers, and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Major health disparities in chronic disease control and outcomes exist among Latinos, the fastest growing segment of the U.S. population. If these disparities continue, demographic trends will magnify their adverse heal
th, societal, and economic impact. Chronic… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Roughly 500,000 cancer patients are treated with radiotherapy each year. Acute and late sequelae of radiotherapy have a negative impact upon the quality of life of cancer survivors. These sequelae include proctitis, cys
titis, esophageal stricture, cutaneous… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-term goal of this application is to develop mannan derived from Baker's yeast as asthma therapy. The limitations of currently available immunomodulators are their toxicity at higher doses and the lack of benefi
cial effect on airway smooth muscle (ASM)… more
Abstract:This Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Phase II research project will advance a Mobile Robotic Welding System (MRWS) to significantly improve automated ship fabrication techniques in the United States. Providing automation to the American shipbuilding industry poses significant challenges.… more
Abstract:Piezoelectric motors operate on the principal of converting the high-frequency oscillation of high-force, precision ceramic elements into useful continuous motion. High-power oscillations are converted to rotary motion through novel transmission mechanisms to produce high-torque, precision motion. … more
Abstract:The most common method for utility energy storage in the US is pumped hydro, which has very low energy density (~ 1.1 kWh/m3) and long response times (1 to 5 min). Another method is the use of rechargeable batteries such as lead acid batteries (40 kWh/m3), which require high maintenance and have a… more
Abstract:It is becoming increasingly apparent that we, as a nation, need to quickly develop an alternative and sustainable energy supply. This is due to a host of factors, including uncontrollable fluctuation in oil prices, large oil supplies being controlled by foreign regimes, global shrinking oil… more
Abstract:Formaldehyde (H2CO) has been classified as carcinogenic to humans by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) since 2004. Formaldehyde is the most important aldehyde produced commercially, and is used in the preparation of urea-formaldehyde and phenol-formaldehyde resins. One source of… more
Abstract:A recent breakthrough in combustion stability analysis (UCDS) offers the means to accurately predict the combustion stability of a scramjet. This capability is very important due to the extreme scramjet operational environment, which makes cut-and-try development approaches impractical. With UCDS,… more
Abstract:Building upon the successful use of the Universal Combustion Device Stability (UCDS) process to resolve NASAs Ares I thrust oscillation issue, the proposed effort will optimize UCDS for application to the oxygen-rich staged combustion (ORSC) cycle under development by the Air Force. This will be… more
Abstract:Applying multivariable optimization in conjunction with modern materials technology has revealed an opportunity to dramatically improve flywheel energy storage technology. Using this innovative approach, GTL's Advanced FlywheelT could deliver 500 W-hr/kg with the potential to achieve in excess of… more
Abstract:To achieve the high propellant mass fraction (PMF) required by future high energy propulsion systems, light-weight propellant tanks are essential. GTL's Supra-tanksT can approach the theoretical performance limit for carbon fiber pressure vessels using cryogenic or room-temperature propellants. By… more
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