Abstract:Electronic waste (e-waste) is one of the most rapidly growing waste problems worldwide. Improper handling of e-waste results in vast amounts of toxic waste being sent to landfill and leaching into the water supply. Due to there concerns e-waste recycling is a rapidly growing industry. … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I submission proposes to design and produce nanofiber-based corneal tissue scaffolds to treat corneal diseases, the second most common cause of blindness worldwide, affecting 10-15 million people. This innovative approach uses electrospun mats from… more
Abstract:The semiconductor electrodes on segmented germanium planar detectors used in nuclear physics research require improvement, so that significantly more of the available high-purity germanium can be utilized for the detection function. This project will develop new semiconductor electrode technology… more
Abstract:The next generation of DOE low-background user facilities will require suitable germanium crystal production capabilities. These crystal-growth techniques must accommodate the handling of highly enriched germanium in a manner consistent with low background counting. In this project, germanium… more
Abstract:This project involves development of a non-destructive, non-invasive technique for visualization and characterization of root damage by devastating root pests using digital x-ray imaging. To allow use of x-rays, plants are grown in a low density artificial rooting medium that supports healthy plant… more
Abstract:Protection of the power and system interconnects supporting the BMDS radar systems can be a vulnerability of the radar system and of the supporting C2 infrastructure. Existing technology is capable of meeting
Abstract:The United States needs to reduce its dependence on foreign oil by developing a renewable source of biodiesel fuel that is competitive with petroleum diesel but does not compete for scarce resources such as fresh water, arable land, and existing food crops. Algae are uniquely qualified for this… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The goal of this SBIR project is to develop a new drug discovery platform for screening tyrosine kinase inhibitors. The main innovation of the proposed platform is the use of a multi-enzyme assay, which is able to measu
re efficiency and identify inhibition… more
Abstract:The Tai-Yang Research Company (TYRC) of Tallahassee, Florida, will design, build and test a superconducting magnet system optimized for low current space based applications. Adiabatic demagnetization refrigeration (ADR) for milli-Kelvin sensor cooling is enabled by the use of superconducting… more
Abstract:The Tai-Yang Research Company (TYRC) of Tallahassee, Florida proposes to build hybrid high-temperature superconducting current leads for space applications, including compact adiabatic demagnetization refrigeration (ADR) systems for sensor cooling. The current leads will be configured to meet NASA… more
Abstract:Current aircraft design approaches incorporate the use of many high fidelity models for point solutions of individual disciplines. Sophisticated model integration techniques are not yet readily available and a significant amount of individual discipline stovepiping exists. Individual handoffs of… more
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposed effort is to build a methodology and the associated multi-scale computational tools that enable the development of corrosion resistant alloys for use in Naval aircraft. This will be achieved by adding corrosion damage prediction capabilities to VEXTEC's existing… more
Abstract:The proposed project will develop a structural analysis framework incorporating high performance composite design methodologies to predict the reliability of sandwich termination features. The sandwich core termination region offers many challenges to properly design and verify its structural… more
Abstract:Reusable life models rely on a large empirical database and require a lengthy development process. The models must be reconstructed for each new geometric and loading application. Rather than using empirical fatigue data to fit the model, the VEXTEC approach uses the intrinsic microstructure… more
Abstract:The proposed approach will build on existing probabilistic micromechanics model for failure analysis to include gradient microstructures. This effort will develop physics based damage models for the gradient microstructures focusing on complete damage evolution of the transition zone between the… more
Abstract:The overall objective of the proposed effort is to build a methodology and the associated computational tools that predict component life for rotor wing drive systems. This will be achieved by adding mission load variability to VEXTEC's existing gear component life prediction tool. The goal is a… more
Abstract:The JSF Program requires a probabilistic approach to high cycle fatigue (HCF) foreign object damage (FOD) limit determination. The current Goodman diagram based methods have a capability gap addressing the JSF probabilisitic requirements and are costly and time consuming due to the extensive bench… more
Abstract:Accurate Automation Corporation (AAC) will develop an Unmanned Vehicle (UV) security system. This generic system will be applied to a user Unmanned (Sea) Surface Vessel (USV) as well as UVs operating from the Littoral Combat Ship (LCS) or for the Naval Expeditionary Combat Command (NECC). The… more
Abstract:The solid state semiconductor technology in radar systems supporting the U. S. Army's ballistic missile defense program increases its vulnerability to the effects of high power, fast rise-time EMP, HPM, and UWB pulses. Recent research has shown that using carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can greatly improve… more
Abstract:Research reactors such as the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR) at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) at the Idaho National Laboratory (INL) have a long history of service to the nation and are expected to continue to operate successfully for many more years.… more
Abstract:Power generation utilities are striving to use wireless technologies in nuclear power plants, but a number of important challenges must be overcome. These challenges include infrastructure issues, security risks, reliability questions, and interference problems. This project will develop a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Autoimmune diseases are thought to arise from abnormalities in innate or adaptive immune responses and most likely have both genetic and environmental components. Diagnosis of autoimmune disease is often difficult, as t
he symptoms can be relatively nonspecific.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The aim of the proposed research is to develop an enabling technology that will allow development of a molecular diagnostic for identification and discrimination among closely related bacterial species that cause signif
icant disease at low microorganism numbers.… more
Abstract:Phase II will evaluate the four most promising training interventions determined from Phase I and their impact on the HF skill deficiencies of Channelized Attention, Task Misprioritization, Selected the Wrong Course of Action, and Crew Coordination. The training interventions that will be… more
Abstract:Existing and planned neutron facilities, such as the Spallation Neutron Source, generate bursts of cold neutrons for materials research. The efficiency of the beam line components, which convert the fast neutrons to a cold neutron beam, determines the usefulness of the facility. Existing solid… more
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