Abstract:This proposal concerns a new method for ammonia manufacture that has the potential to be energy efficient. In addition it does not require natural gas, avoids the release of greenhouse gases and is scaleable over a wide range of sizes. About 3% of the world & apos;s energy goes into ammonia… more
Abstract:Obscurant materials are used by the Army to protect both the soldier as well as military physical assets. Several obscuration systems have been developed over the years to defeat threats in all areas of the electromagnetic spectrum. Current obscurant materials typically consist of off-the-shelf or… more
Abstract:Recovery and re-use of Rhenium is of critical importance to the superalloy industry due to its limited availability and growing demand. The recycling loop in the superalloy industry is currently far less efficient.The proposal addresses the recovery of Rh
Abstract:The Department of Defense (DOD) accounts for over 21 million barrels of oil usage per day, with a majority of the fuel being appropriated to JP-8. Among the military"s various armed forces, the Army alone spends over $4.1 billion for energy, with a major portion of this also attributed to JP-8… more
Abstract:Rapid identification of these warfare modes, particularly Chemical Warfare Agents (CWAs), is vital to protecting U.S. armed forces personnel and their assets. Most quantitative and accurate methods for CWA identification utilize bulky and expensive equipment that require specific technical… more
Abstract:Advanced lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries are currently under development for Extravehicular Activity Suits, Altair Lunar Landers, and Lunar Mobility Systems. However, low voltage operation and low capacity cathode of current Li-ion batteries limits both volumetric and gravimetric energy density.… more
Abstract:In situ production of methane as propellant and oxygen as life support consumables from the atmospheric CO2 and water on Mars is a key enabling technology required for sustainable and affordable human exploration of Mars. Sabatier reaction for catalytic methanation of CO2 with H2 is a commercially… more
Abstract:With the increasing demands placed on extravehicular activities (EVA) for International Space Station (ISS) maintenance, there is a critical need for oxygen delivery for EVA's from on-station sources. Since mechanical compressors have significant lifetime issues, NASA is evaluating high… more
Abstract:Sensitive and expensive electronic equipment used in marine environments are generally subjected to harsh extremes. Component lifetimes are typically extended by physical isolation using bags, hard containers or with conformal impermeable coatings. However, over time, protective measures become… more
Abstract:To meet the current and future needs of the Army, improved power systems are needed for missiles, sensors, communication systems, night-vision devices, and other applications. Although conventional batteries can provide power for a wide variety of duty cycles, current batteries do not provide… more
Abstract:In remote locations that are inaccessible by vehicles due to rugged terrain or high security risks, supplies are delivered via Low Cost Aerial Delivery Systems (LCADS). LCADS parachutes, which account for 99% of operational airdrop, are made out of a polypropylene material and are one-time-use.… more
Abstract:Military personnel are often deployed to areas where they are at risk from insect-borne diseases such as malaria, scrub typhus, leishmaniasis, and Lyme disease. To protect against insect-borne disease, the U.S. military has formulated clothing impregnated with permethrin, a chemical insecticide… more
Abstract:Navy Submarines utilize a large number of undersea electrical connections to systems located outside the pressure hull (sonar, radar, communications masts etc). Long service life of undersea connectors is critical since maintainance and replacement is difficult and costly. Protection of undersea… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: To provide longer operating time and reduced weight power supplies for military platforms including unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and solider communication devices, transformative advances are needed to increase the electrochemical energy storage density of batteries. The energy… more
Abstract:Autonomous systems acquire massive amounts of sensor and communications data over the course of their potentially lengthy missions. Ideally, such systems would incorporate current and historical data into their decision making processes to generalize from experience and avoid repetitive errors.… more
Abstract:Perching is an essential tactic for extending the duration of Small Unmanned Aerial System (SUAS) missions. Sustained flight is energetically costly and largely unnecessary during a passive Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR) mission. Data can be collected quietly for extended… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: There are a growing number of military (and civilian) applications for unmanned aircraft. To extend their mission capabilities, unmanned aircraft can incorporate solar panels onto their structure to generate electrical energy from the sun. Solar cell efficiency is inversely proportional… more
Abstract:Methanol crossover of commercial Nafion membranes is a major issue that results in lowering of the efficiency of direct methanol fuel cells (DMFCs). A biomimetic approach for the membrane design using either proton conducting nanochannels and/or nanothin barrier layer can produce DMFC membranes with… more
Abstract:Leveraging biological waste, such as biogas, as feedstock for fuel cell application is a key focus area for both Department of Defense (DOD) and Department of Energy (DOE) and is in line with the Department of Navy's vision of increasing the use of renewable energy and alternative power sources… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Arthritis (AR) is the leading cause of disability in the United States, with 50 million Americans (22%) suffering from some form of the disease or chronic joint symptoms. The CDC estimates that, by the year 2030, 67 million adults will have AR and the economic… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The long-term objective of the proposed effort is to develop a new anti-HER3 therapeutic for concomitant administration with approved anti-HER2 therapies in HER2+ breast cancer (BCa) patients. Trastuzumab (TZMB), a monoclonal anti-HER2 antibody, and lapatinib, a… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION: Despite extraordinary advances in proteomic technologies, we are still very far from realizing the full potential of protein biomarkers for clinical diagnostics. The FDA-approved list of clinically useful protein biomarkers numbers in the low100s, and the rate of FDA approval has… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Advances in molecular technologies over the past few decades have led to the development of very powerful tools to purify and analyze nucleic acids. Current processes to study RNA transactions such as transcription, translation and processing (e.g., Northern blot… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION: Vapor intrusion is the migration of volatile organic chemicals from below ground into overlying buildings and is a major cause of large population exposure to hazardous chemicals. To assess health impacts of exposure to vapor intrusion compounds, monitoring of indoor air is required. … more
Abstract:Folic acid is a water-soluble vitamin that serves as a cofactor in 1-carbon transfers required for DNA replication. Humans lack the enzymes to synthesize folate, so dietary intake is necessary. Its deficiency is associated with neural tube defects (NTDs) in fetuses. The global burden of folate… more
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