Abstract:ABSTRACT: This proposed program leverages mature semiconductor TCAD and EDA tools. These tools are widespread in modern analog IC design and already possess capabilities applicable to obsolete part replacement. Our plan for detailed R & D activity emphasizes tool adaptations/improvements for… more
Abstract:Currently no instrument exists to quantitatively measure electrical properties (dielectric constant and conductivity) on sub-micron regions, a capability of extreme importance to measure the functioning of sub-micron structures and devices. In particular, such electrical measurements could support… more
Abstract:Residential and commercial buildings represent a prime opportunity to improve energy efficiency and sustainability worldwide. Currently, lighting and thermal management within buildings account for 20% of the United States yearly energy consumption. The objective of this Small Business Innovation… more
Abstract:Rising demands on fossil fuel power systems to lower pollution levels and increase efficiency introduces a need to accurately detect and quantify emission gasses. Novel sensors capable of monitoring gasses throughout a fossil fuel power system will improve regulatory monitoring capabilities and… more
Abstract:In liquid fueled combustion systems it is necessary for the fuel to vaporize prior to combustion. As a result, a method to quantify the amount of vapor that exists in the spray plume is desired in order to help understand the evaporation process. Such results are also useful in validating detailed… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Color coding of symbology can improve operator performance and reduce workload by reducing display clutter and aiding visual search. For example, all"enemy"symbols could be colored red, and all"friendly"symbols colored green allowing the distinction between enemy and… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Stereo symbology has promise as a method to help declutter the vast amount of information presented to fighter pilots and to call their attention to important information that may get"lost"among all the other information they are asked to process. Stereo graphics and imagery… more
Abstract:Stran of large objects can cause structural fatique, cracks and even structure failure. Therefore, it is important to monitor the strain of large valuable structures to ensure structural integrity. Current hoop strain sensing systems use large number of point sensors such as accelerometers of fiber… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Space solar power systems range in size from the International Space Station with 8 solar arrays producing 84,000 watts all the way down to body-mounted single wafers on individual cubesats. The current state-of-the-art relies on multi-junction gallium arsenide or inverted metamorphic… more
Abstract:Current Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) systems can be used for composite damage monitoring. However, current systems lack the ability to accurately detect, locate and characterize damage for complex composite structures with local property variation. Acellent Technologies Inc. has therefore… more
Abstract:Solid rocket propellants put stringent requirements on materials selection due very high temperature, high pressure and highly corrosive environment. Monolithic ceramics such as hafnium carbide suffer from very poor fracture toughness, putting huge design constraints on their use in solid motor… more
Abstract:Hadal Inc. is partnering with the Pennsylvania State University through its Applied Research Laboratory (PSU:ARL) to develop a d36-based shear mode transducer. Their combined experience provides an opportunity to effectively develop and inexpensively test a single crystal projector for incorporation… more
Abstract:Recent advancements to NASA's Vehicle Sketch Pad (OpenVSP 3.0) have evolved the software into a useful parametric graphics tool for serious aerospace design and analysis. The proposed effort will build off of the momentum gained from these advancements by providing a selection of features that… more
Abstract:Office of Energy and Renewable Energy has created a Fuel Cell Transfer Opportunity (FCTO) designed to encourage the private sectors participation in developing and demonstrating a proof of concept heavy-duty fuel cell-electric hybrid truck for waste hauling applications. Vision Industries… more
Abstract:High-velocity high-density/mass plasma jets have important applications in magnetic fusion research for disruption mitigation, fueling, and driving plasma rotation. The essential potential of C60/C plasma jet, as probe for runaway electrons (REs) interaction with plasma has been envisioned, but no… more
Abstract:Development of an economically and environmentally attractive fusion energy source is the goal of the Fusion Energy Sciences program. One of the main approaches for plasma heating and current drive in fusion devices is to use the radio frequency waves. Radio frequency waves are used for heating… more
Abstract:Despite many innovative analytical and simulation techniques over several decades, there remains a disconnect between available and desired technology needed to model liquid metal flows in fusion relevant conditions. Simulation software become inaccurate or very inefficient when modeling situations… more
Abstract:There are an estimated 179,000 high emission, low miles-per-gallon waste-hauling trucks operating throughout American fleets. Typical garbage trucks have very low duty cycles with a lot of stop-and-go collecting trash from dumpster to dumpster, resulting in some of the lowest fuel economy and… more
Abstract:The current state-of-the art technology for CO2 capture from point- source emitters such as coal and natural-gas fired power plants is amine scrubbing. It is not clear that this single technology will be adequate, affordable, and environmentally sound at the scale required for significant mitigation… more
Abstract:Transformative new user facilities are currently in the planning stages at DoE. These facilities will use a LINAC to accelerate electrons upwards of 2.5GeV to produce free-electron lasers (FELs) output. Afterwards roughly a 750kW electron beam has to be stopped. This amount of power has been… more
Abstract:Lowmass, ultrastable particle tracking detectors will be critical elements of upgrades to experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (CERN) and at potential future electronpositron colliders. Mass assigned to support structures, although critical in function, compromises detection through production… more
Abstract:Utilizing a dry cooling system for power plant condensers can reduce cooling system water need by over 90%, versus a wet cooling system, thereby reducing permitting and associated water use problems. However, by shifting from a wet to a dry cooling system, the volume, weight and cost… more
Abstract:Implementations of large scale ECH systems such as required for ITER have experienced issues with variability in gyrotron performance due to deficiencies in the mechanical alignment between key gyrotron components. High precision electron gun technology will produce high quality electron beams and… more
Abstract:Due to their extensive use as industrial solvents and metal degreasers, chlorinated organic solvents including trichloroethylene have become persistent contaminants in groundwater and soil at DOE sites and elsewhere. Acute exposures to trichloroethylene can impair the central nervous system, while… more
Abstract:The primary objective for Phase I was to design and develop a proof of concept system demonstrating the basic functionality and feasibility to deploy technology in the field. During the six-month effort, a detailed Concept of Operations document was prepared that served as a foundation for the… more
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