Abstract:Nitrous oxide, N2O, is one of the most important greenhouse and ozone-depleting gases in the atmosphere, with levels that are increasing in part because of soil emissions and agricultural practices. New, improved instruments are needed to quantify the sources and sinks of nitrous oxide and to… more
Abstract:We plan to propose an LED-assisted ignition technique for lean-burn internal combustion engines. It has been known for decades that lean fuel/air mixture is difficult to ignite than the stoichiometric mixture. The proposed technology is based on enhancing chemical reactivity of fuel-air mixtures by… more
Abstract:Methane is the second most important atmospheric greenhouse gas after CO2 yet its global sources and sinks are still inadequately characterized. Monitoring the isotopic composition of atmospheric methane is one of the most promising approaches to closing the methane budget. Detailed process… more
Abstract:Aerosol particles affect the radiative balance of the earth directly, by scattering and absorbing solar and terrestrial radiation, and indirectly, by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. It is now recognized that the atmospheric loading of aerosols can exert an influence on the … more
Abstract:There is a need for extremely lightweight low power instrumentation for real-time measurement of isotopic variants of carbon dioxide (CO2) in ambient air, suitable for use on un-manned aerial vehicles, to allow better quantification of sources and sinks of this major greenhouse gas in remote areas… more
Abstract:Haleakala R & D, INC. will develop an innovative plasma antenna that provides high voltage protection to reduce the risk of electrical shocks from low overhead wires for dismounted radio. This plasma antenna will provide equivalent or better radiation pattern and omnidirectional gain as existing… more
Abstract:Successful intelligence analysis requires analysts to wade through massive stores of uncertain data to associate concepts, individuals, locations, and resources. Current data systems are either designed to support massive data search and retrieval, or automated analysis, but lack the flexibility to… more
Abstract:Establishing timely, trusted, and comprehensive Navy Cyber Situation Awareness (NCSA) requires analytic methods that put into context the information drawn from multiple sources and alerting mechanisms, including intrusion detection outputs, network health diagnostics, activity-based alerting, and… more
Abstract:Increases in data volume and diversity place disproportionate burden on decision makers, who must manually manage datasets with tools that are insensitive to their missions, tasks, and objectives. In time-critical situations, information management is more likely to consume decision makers"time… more
Abstract:CdZnTe remains the material of choice for room temperature semiconductor detection of X- and -ray radiation, but the availability of high performance material is limited and the cost is high. In this project we will build upon our success in crystal growth and annealing processes that have resulted… more
Abstract:As the military collects more experience using solar energy as a man-portable power source, the strengths and weaknesses of existing technologies are becoming clear. While solar power has proven itself as a viable source of power, the existing power managers - the electronics interfacing the solar… more
Abstract:Gen9 is developing a DNA synthesis platform that aims to produce synthetic DNA products at an industry leading length, price point and turnaround time. In this Phase II proposal we outline our approach to extend the processes we developed during the Phase
Abstract:This program will build on the work of the Large-Area Psec Photo-Detector (LAPPD) program, under which a transformative design for low-cost large-area photodetectors that use 8 square micro-channel plates (MCPs) is being developed. The technology will be extended by reducing the pore size of these… more
Abstract:The high energy physics (HEP) community, the scientific and medical communities and the public at large, require the availability of high sensitivity photo- sensors with improved spatial and temporal resolution that can be scaled to large areas, and manufactured in a robust, durable, and compact… more
Abstract:The combination of X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) with x-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) provides unique diagnostic analysis of both the structure and chemical composition of complex heterogeneous materials. The penetration of X-rays make this method ideal for studying and… more
Abstract:High temperature superconducting (HTS) BSCCO 2212 based wires provide the opportunity for ground breaking advances in the field levels of magnets, while greatly reducing their weight, size and power consumption. This project will establish key elements of an innovative approach for producing… more
Abstract:Adding thermal insulation to existing building envelopes can be an effective way of reducing building energy use. While most thermal insulation materials are affordable, the cost of installing thermal insulation into existing buildings can be expensive. Real facades are also… more
Abstract:Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) systems are only able to support static analysis based on predefined event rules. Instead, a flexible user-programmable information triage approach is needed tha can process the volume, variety and velocity of all relevant internal and external… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: OPTRA proposes the development of a three-band visible (VIS), shortwave infrared (SWIR), and midwave infrared (MWIR) high dynamic range digital micromirror device (DMD)-based scene projector incorporating OPTRA"s patented structured illumination technique for achieving low background… more
Abstract:The widespread use and deployment of laser systems has led to the need for laser exposure measurement systems that operate over wide spectral range
and provide sufficient dynamic range to measure exposure relative to maximum permissible exposure (MPE) limits and establish normal hazard zones. OPTRA,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This Phase II SBIR application proposes the development and testing of a theory-based health promotion mobile phone application, BodiMojo, for adolescents (ages 13-18). The product is designed to: (1) promote wellness,healthy eating and physical activity in… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Rogers Sciences' mission is to provide effective, low morbidity and cost-effective cancer care through the development and commercialization of therapeutic systems based on Continuous Low Irradiance Photodynamic Therapy (CLIPT). The initial application and… more
Abstract:Current atmospheric diving suits and remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) have end effectors with simply 1 DOF. This rudimentary manipulation results in excessive time spent working a problem underwater, development of task specific tools that can be operated by the pliers or acceptance that a specific… more
Abstract:There are two objectives of this effort: 1) demonstrate an adaptable, scalable and dynamically configurable digital ReadOut-Integrated-Circuit (ROIC) architecture and 2) establish the foundation for the successful transitioning of this technology to product. This new technology is important because… more
Abstract:Ferrite control components including circulators and isolators are fundamental building blocks of Transmit/Receive modules (TRM) utilized in high data rate active space transceivers and transponders for both long-range (LR) and low earth orbit (LEO) systems. These components are utilized to protect… more
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