Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Diseases associated with the Poxviridae (smallpox, vaccinia and cowpox viruses), and Herpesviridae (HSV-1, HSV-2, HSV-8, VZV, EBV) dsDNA viruses represent major worldwide public health problems. NandN Scientific, Inc. (NandN) is developing a first of its class… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Filoviruses, Ebola (EBOV) and Marburg (MARV), are causative agents of sever hemorrhagic fever in humans with case-fatality rates exceeding 88%. Filoviruses, designated as category A select agents by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, are considered… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Staphylococcus aureus is a gram positive human pathogen that causes a wide range of infections ranging from skin and soft tissue infections to life threatening diseases like sepsis and pneumonia. S. aureus is well knownfor its ability to acquire and evolve… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Staphylococcus aureus is a human pathogen that causes a wide range of diseases from skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) to life threatening sepsis and pneumonia. Infections with S. aureus in the hospitals and community have been on the rise over the past two… more
Abstract:Portable tanks used to transport hazard materials are often subject to forces and stress, thermal cycle loading, and shock/vibration throughout the transportation process. It is an interest to assess what effects may occur during loading and unloading from one shipping mode to another and what… more
Abstract:Intelligent Automation Inc. (IAI) proposes an innovative anti-texting system which does not prevent the use of any cell phone but can detect and record the texting and driving behavior for enforcement instead. This proposal lays out a concrete plan to develop a robust and cost effective system that… more
Abstract:Usually the lifetime of a trailer is much longer than tractors; tractors must work with a variety types and ages of trailers over the course of their use. In many scenarios (e.g., roadside, border crossing, smart parking, connected vehicle initiative, etc.), it is necessary to identify trailer(s)'… more
Abstract:Intelligent Automation Inc (IAI) in collaboration with IDS North America proposes to develop the next generation Ground Penetration Radar (GPR) technology called GeoRad. We will leverage an existing state –of-the-art dual-frequency dual-polarized massive array GPR and improve its accuracy so that… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The damage and loss caused by attacks and security breaches have drawn attentions to develop secure and reliable systems for embedded systems. Compared to their desktop counterparts, embedded devices are facing more security challenges, such as the more possible physical access to a… more
Abstract:Developing advanced technologies for an online experimental laboratory has attracted widespread interest across the behavioral sciences for over a half-century, progress has been limited by the difficulty investigating the behavior of large groups and large numbers of groups, due to the practical… more
Abstract:IAI proposes the design of a Waveform Agile Telemetry Transmitter (WATT) which will support simultaneous dual-band S-C band operation (S-band , 2200-2400 MHz and C-band selectable between 4400-4950 MHz and 5091- 5250 MHz), to achieve the goals of this solicitation. Our proposed WATT architecture… more
Abstract:In the modern world, people and machines are faced with ever-increasing amounts of data. Oftentimes, large data sets can be greatly reduced by identifying elements that are salient, within the context of a particular mission or goal. For example, in a military patrol video, hours of empty scenery… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose a unifying framework for multi-scale multi-resolution inference, analysis, and design of complex socio-technological networks. Our key innovation is to combine graph-analytical methods with functional analysis through information-geometric optimization across time, space, and… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: It is very challenging to secure applications in today's networked computer systems where applications inherently share various resources and information. In this proposal, we propose a novel approach called policy guided isolation and strategically shielded exposure, to protect… more
Abstract:NASA's Space Communications and Navigation (SCaN) program is integrating its three current agency networks: Space Network (SN), Deep Space Network (DSN), and Near Earth Network (NEN). This effort raises several issues for the network management in the future integrated space networks. First, an… more
Abstract:Crew exercise is important for maintaining the health and fitness of astronauts, and to prevent adverse health problems, such as bone density losses. We developed algorithms for ESPRIT: an Exercise Sensing and Pose Recovery Inference Tool, in support of NASA's Exercise Countermeasure Program.… more
Abstract:IAI and its academic partner propose to develop technology that will generate credible future demand for UAS vehicles given proposed UAS missions. The technology will consist of three parts. The first part is an activity-based modeling system that translates inchoate mission profile information… more
Abstract:In aviation history, many crew-related errors are caused by crew members being in hazardous cognitive states, such as overstress, disengagement, high fatigue, and ineffective crew coordination. To improve aviation safety, it is critical to monitor and predict hazardous cognitive states of crew… more
Abstract:Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a potentially debilitating condition that affects a significant number of veterans. The lifetime prevalence of PTSD in Veterans ranges from 10-30%. Anger and psychological stress are common symptoms associated with PTSD as well as depression and substance use… more
Abstract:In recent years data intensive processing is beyond the capability of any individual machine and requires clusters, which means that massive data problems are fundamentally about organizing computations on dozens, hundreds, or even thousands of machines. This is exactly what MapReduce does, and the… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Current cyber threats analysis and detection techniques based on intrusion prevention/detection, anti-virus and spam filters often offer unsatisfactory security properties. They cannot detect new attacks, have high false negative rate and often identify attacks after they have happened.… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Real-time cyber situational awareness and proactive impact mitigation are critical for DoD to secure and protect their computer networks and systems from various cyber attacks. When a security incident occurs, network operators and security analysts need to know what exactly has happened… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: IAI proposes the design of a Reconfigurable Digital Transceiver (RDT), to achieve the goals of this solicitation. The proposed design will be prototyped in the earlier phases on a custom Multi-Channel Digital Synthesizer and Processor (MCDSP) platform that has been designed and… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Current methods for inspecting aircraft engine inlet and exhaust cavities are labor intensive and error prone. Airmen crawl into ducts looking for defects, trace suspected sites on Mylar sheets noting their position relative to cavity features, and manually enter the data into an… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Trust and reputation management system has been proven to be an effective method to solve many security issues in Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN). A typical reputation management system evaluates the trustworthy of a sensor node based on historical interactions. However, trust… more
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