Abstract:ABSTRACT: The IED is a difficult and effective threat due to its evolving nature and loosely defined composition. Due to the variations in design and configuration, no single sensor, or single sensor platform, can reliably detect IED devices with practical false alarm performance in tactical… more
Abstract:The primary goal of this STTR program is to develop high fidelity LDLP software module that can predict stiffness and damping forces over the ranges of amplitude, frequency, and temperature appropriate for comprehensive modeling of helicopters. The LDLP module will focus on enabling accurate… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Traditional military aircraft design has been based on peak power and peak thermal loads. With the introduction of more-electric aircraft, increasing requirements for on-demand high-quality power for flight controls and electro-mechanical actuation devices will pose further challenges for… more
Abstract:Fuel is the second-highest battlefield throughput commodity behind water. In fact, ~65% of the fuel consumed in the theatre is for fuel transportation to the battlefield. To improve the fuel consumption and the quantity of forward-deployed fuel, Techno-Sciences, Inc. (TSi) proposes innovative, open… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Asthma affects 8% of US children and is a leading cause of ED visits, hospitalization, missed school, suffering and death. It disproportionately affects low income minorities. This proposal seeks to overcome health caredelivery barriers to implementation of… more
Abstract:Project Summary / Abstract Preserving genomic integrity is essential in order to suppress cancer, neurodegeneration, aging and other diseases. At odds with genomic preservation is DNA damage, which can drive mutations, sequence rearrangements and cellulartoxicity. DNA damage is unavoidable, as DNA… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Thyroid cancer of follicular origin is the most common malignancy of endocrine tissues, disproportionally affecting women, and is one of the few cancers greatly increasing in incidence and prevalence for unknown reasonsnot solely attributable to improved… more
Abstract:TRX Systems will deliver a soldier navigation solution that uses team-wide information and collaborative distributed computing to provide a position accuracy of 1m in GPS denied environments. The goal of high accuracy and robust navigation for mobile soldiers requires a flexible system design that… more
Abstract:Actuators are the primary limiting factor that relegates robots to controlled industrial and military environments and keeps them from becoming the truly useful tools that we hope they will become. Current actuators must be massive in order to provide sufficient strength for real work, requiring… more
Abstract:Most mobile robots today cannot perform significant physical work due to their limited strength and power density. One practical approach to achieving sufficient mechanical strength is through the use of hydraulics. However, the low energy efficiency of current, conventional approaches to mobile… more
Abstract:Understanding task performance and crew behavioral health is crucial to mission success and to the optimal design, development, and operation of next-generation spacecraft. Onboard resources, like a conventional 2D video camera, can capture crew motion and interaction; however, there is a critical… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Deployment of interesting autonomous capabilities has been hindered by the difficulty of validating and verifying such systems. Vecna will address this challenging problem by investigating and developing four key desirable characteristics of such systems: that they be declarative,… more
Abstract:The development of actuators for the next generation of robots must not only address the engineering obstacles of power density and efficiency packaged into a lightweight form factor; they must surmount these obstacles using technology that is affordable for commercial users. To meet and exceed… more
Abstract:Human operators must closely monitor video for simultaneous situational awareness and threat assessment. For instance, urban environments in a state of constant activity generate numerous visual cues, each of which must be examined so that potential security breaches do not go unnoticed. The need… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): We wish to improve treatment for patients with deep-seated brain tumors. With the help of the MRI-guided and nanoparticle-enabled system we are constructing, therapeutic access to these tumors will be provided through the delicate nooks, crannies, and membranes… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The ultimate goal of this project is to develop instrumentation for high resolution screening and sorting of small live invertebrates, for use in basic biological research and drug discovery. The instrument (developed by the PI, who is a New Investigator) will be… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Contrast-enhanced MRI has been proven to be a very sensitive modality for the early diagnosis of breast cancer in young women and/or in women with radiographically-dense breasts. The American Cancer Society recommends that high-risk women with lifetime risk… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project relies on a novel and surprising physiological phenomenon recently published by the company and its academic collaborators: That magnetic gradient fields used in MRI can be dramatically increased without causing unpleasant nerve… more
Abstract:Fault Management (FM) is one of the key components of system autonomy. In order to guarantee FM effectiveness and control the cost, tools are required to automate fault-tree generation and updates based on design models specified in standardized design languages such as AADL. Accordingly, we… more
Abstract:Design, analysis, and assessment of multiple alternatives is important to ensuring the development and fielding of DoD systems that face increasingly dynamic and rapid changes in missions. New methods and tools are needed that compensate and recover from disruptions, adapt to dynamic environments,… more
Abstract:This SBIR project is to develop a novel Hemispherical and Dynamic Camera(HDC) with ultra-wide field of view and low geometric distortion. The novel technology we proposed would lead to ultra-compact, low-power, light weight, and high resolution hemispherical camera for EVAs. We successfully… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The physical world around us is three-dimensional (3D), yet most existing display systems can handle only two-dimensional (2D) images that lack the third dimension (depth) information. This fundamental restriction greatly limits human being's capability of… more
Abstract:Signal Systems Corporation (SSC) will show, using a simulation-based approach, the extent to which it is feasible to use airborne ASW platforms as an underwater sound source useful in submarine echo detection. SSC will develop ocean acoustics models which include the refracted paths and the… more
Abstract:This research seeks to develop a method of developing solid-state power amplifiers that operate at 300 Volts, achieve 100 Watt output and greater than 90% efficiency at 1 GHz with 10% bandwidths. We will seek to demonstrate switch-mode amplifiers that use a novel gate design with Gallium Nitride… more
Abstract:Many parallel performance, profiling, and debugging tools require a graphical way of displaying the very large datasets typically gathered from high performance computing (HPC) applications. Most tool projects create their graphical user interfaces (GUI) from scratch, many times spending project… more
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