Abstract:In 2011, the US electricity generation was 4344 billion kWh gross with 821 TWh (19%) from nuclear power reactors. The US has 104 nuclear power reactors, 69 pressurized water reactors and 35 boiling water reactors, in 31 states, operated by 30 different power companies. Almost all of the US nuclear… more
Abstract:The goal of this project is to implement a Universal Exchange Language suitable for nationwide adoption across healthcare providers, and accessible to patients and medical researchers under appropriate protections for security and privacy, as envisioned in the 2010 PCAST report on Health Information… more
Abstract:The manufacturing and engineering industry needs more cost effective and easy-to-use high- performance computing (HPC) modeling and simulation tools to design, test, and analyze innovative components and products. For 92% of the small- to medium-sized manufacturers with less than 100… more
Abstract:Numerical simulations play a crucial role in the DOE High Energy Physics (HEP) Cosmic Frontier program. They provide a theoretical framework with which to compare observational data from surveys. Through such comparisons, significant breakthroughs are made. These breakthroughs can guide scientists… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Studying the effects of electromagnetic energies on human anatomy requires the consideration how the effects change for different anatomical poses and body types, e.g., for different body-mass indexes. Acquiring such a wide range of data, however, can be problematic given medical scanner… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Kitware proposes MAP-Tk, the open-source Motion imagery Aerial Photogrammetry Toolkit, designed for optimized sparse bundle adjustment (SBA) of FMV and WAMI. Our proposed toolkit has a highly configurable and modular design supporting interchange of existing solutions for feature… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Image-based evaluation of pathologies over time is complicated by variability in image acquisition and patient positioning, deformations due to respiratory and cardiac motion, and the clinical standard in radiology of comparing unaligned images. This application… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Nearly 1.7 million Americans suffer traumatic brain injury (TBI) annually, which constitutes an important and significant US medical health concern. Although neuroimaging plays an important role in pathology localization and surgical planning, TBI clinical care… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) procedure is an ultrasound examination performed to identify intra-peritoneal hemorrhage or pericardial tamponade. FAST involves the detection of free fluid in ultrasound images from four specific abdominal… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This application addresses Innovations in Biomedical Computational Science and Technology Initiative PAR-09-220. Healthcare is moving towards fully digitized patient records. Surgical pathology represents a challenge inthat high resolution imaging of tissue… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Approach-specific, Multi-GPU, Multi-tool, High-realism Neurosurgery Simulation Surgical treatment of neurological diseases is complicated and requires advanced training. However, compressed internship schedules in hospitals creates a challenge to young surgeons… more
Abstract:This Phase II project will work toward increasing the math and science problem solving capacities of high need rural students and their teachers. Math and science and the ability to solve problems in these disciplines lie at the heart of technical innovation and economic security in today &… more
Abstract:LightSpin Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop radiation-hard GaInP Photomultiplier Chips. GaInP is extraordinarily radiation hard, capable of withstanding at least 100,000-fold higher radiation flux than silicon. LightSpins GaInP Photomultiplier Chip technology enables the production of GaInP… more
Abstract:For a wide range of remote sensing applications, there is a critical need to develop imaging arrays that simultaneously achieve high spatial resolution, high sensitivity, and sub-nanosecond timing resolution. Many of these remote sensing applications furthermore are satellite and space based, where… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): LightSpin Technologies, Inc., proposes a Phase II SBIR to develop a new photodetector component (the GaAs Photomultiplier Chip ) for ultrafast TOF-PET applications. The goal is to build a solid-state photodetector witha single photon timing resolution of 50 ps… more
Abstract:The Phase I project will develop a suite of diagnostic sensors using Direct Write technology to measure temperature, surface recession depth, and heat flux of an ablative thermal protection system (TPS) in real time, which can be integrated to support TPS evaluation and in-situ diagnostics during… more
Abstract:The overall objective of the Phase I and Phase II proposed effort is to design and demonstrate the ability to develop a high-speed shock tolerant composite flywheel energy storage system (FESS) using a low cost manufacturing process. The Phase I tradeoff design studies will assess the FESS size,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: MiTi and its subcontractor are proposing an innovative integrated and low logistics footprint fueled hybrid solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and mesoscopic gas turbine engine generator (GTG) system with fuel-to-electricity efficiencies to 65%. The ultra-high speeds of the oil-free mesoscopic… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: It is proposed to develop new thermal barrier coatings based on current MiTi Korolon coatings for the turbomachinery of the rocket engines. The proposed coating system will provide thermal and environmental protection and at the same time provides sufficient damping characteristics to… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Recent advances in micro-CT machines have made it possible to image with a resolution of lt10 m. Scans take ~6 to 20 minutes to acquire, and current iodine contrast agents due to their short half-lives are not generally suitable. We recentl commercialized… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Bullying, in its most familiar form, is a serious public health concern. This is especially true among middle-school age children. However, the recent increase in social networking websites coupled with the increased availability of more advanced personal devices… more
Abstract:The objective of this project is to develop a number of novel, very low-volume and high dynamic response control surface actuation device concepts for gun-fired munitions and mortars that consume very small amount of electrical energy for their operation. These control surface actuation devices are… more
Abstract:Windows that conform to an airframe shape are an essential optical element for future of sensing in aircraft and missiles. Conformal windows are challenging to manufacture due to their shape, typically with no or minimal symmetry, and specified material, typically a hard crystalline material. We aim… more
Abstract:Previous work at Optimax has demonstrated capability to manufacture geometrically complex freeform optics through further developments in sub-aperture polishing. Furthermore, the novel Optimax VIBE smoothing process finished optics, composed of polycrystalline ceramics, to a very fine surface… more
Abstract:We propose a two-layer anti-reflective coating (ARC) that will have omni-directional properties. This coating will guide the light that is incident from oblique angles and orient it to become perpendicular to the solar cell surface. The top-most part of the coating will have a graded index of… more
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