Abstract:Future software platforms starting with today's multicores will be massively parallel, offer unprecedented performance, and will be exceedingly difficult to program. In this project, we will work towards automatic development of high-performance software for these platforms. Specifically, we will… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Recently, scientists at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) have invented a compelling technology that makes transplanted cells visible with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Cells of interest are labeled ex vivo with a n
ovel perfluoropolyether (PFPE) nanoemulsion… more
Abstract:TRS Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop ceramic capacitors as power conditioning capacitors for electrically driven military weapon systems. The proposed ceramic capacitor will combine some of the best features of high energy density, low dielectric loss, and high temperature stability. The… more
Abstract:Single crystal piezoelectric deformable mirrors with high actuator density, fine pitch, large stroke and no floating wires will be developed for future NASA science and communications applications. Single crystal piezoelectric DMs share the fine pitch with co-fired electrostrictive or ceramic… more
Abstract:Cryogenic fluid transfer components using single crystal piezoelectric actuators are proposed to enable low thermal mass, minimal heat leak, low power consumption and fast response for cryogenic fluid transfer and handling systems to support NASA Lunar Lander, Ground Operations, Ares, and Lunar… more
Abstract:High temperature piezoelectric crystal (HTP) sensors are desired for future propulsion component structure health monitoring, operating parameters optimization, turbine engine control and health monitoring, as well as improving performance and maintainability of power production facilities and other… more
Abstract:The proposed barium strontium titanate (BST) nanodielectric devices will combine some of the best features of bulk and thin-film based tunable dielectrics: low microwave losses, high tunability at high fields, the potential for low operating voltages, and less temperature dependent dielectric… more
Abstract:In this program TRS will explore a variety of new ferroelectric materials and composites for explosively driven pulsed power applications. The Phase I program will be aimed at demonstrating the feasibility of improving the FEG performance by: (a) systematically exploring new materials to enhance… more
Abstract:The objective of this program is to utilize single crystal piezoelectrics to develop a platform which contains both transmission and receiving for acoustic tracking ranges with the ability to operate at great depths undersea. The key aspects addressed in Phase I are 1) showing the performance of… more
Abstract:TRS Technologies, Inc. proposes to develop ceramic capacitors as discharge pulse power capacitors for high-power microwave (HPM) systems. The proposed ceramic capacitor will combine some of the best features of high energy density, low dielectric loss, fast discharge time and high temperature… more
Abstract:In this program TRS will explore a variety of new ferroelectric materials and composites for explosively driven pulsed power applications. The Phase I program will be aimed at demonstrating the feasibility of improving the ferroelectric generator (FEG) performance by: (a) systematically exploring… more
Abstract:TRS Technologies will build on the measurements performed in the Phase I program, which will allow for higher fidelity models and a more streamlined insertion of single crystal transducers into the Navy. Dynamic and bend testing of PMN-PT and modified A and B-site doped crystals will be made to… more
Abstract:CMU and Magnetics, A Division of Spang and Co. have developed a new high-saturation induction, high-temperature nanocomposite alloy for high-power inductors. This material has FeCo nanocrystals with an A2 or B2 structure embedded in an amorphous matrix. Field annealing resulted in a linear B-H… more
Abstract:The key technical objective of the Phase I effort will be the successful development of lightweight compact structures that can be applied to vehicles, either as add-on structures or as an integral part of the vehicle. This will be accomplished through analysis, simulation, practical experience,… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In vitro assays that reliably correlate with observed clinical drug-drug interactions (DDIs) facilitate drug development and safety testing and reduce reliance on animal testing. One important mechanism of DDI is the in
teraction of drugs with transport proteins… more
Abstract:ChemImage Corporation (CI) has successfully completed a Phase 1 SBIR entitled, "Real Time Chemometrics" that demonstrates the potential of a real time chemometrics (RTC) software and hardware architecture that operate semi-autonomously for detection of CBE materials. CI, in partnership with A3… more
Abstract:This project addresses two core challenges to wider and more effective use of robotic and uninhabited vehicles (UxVs), the need for more robust and understandable autonomy, and for simplified, intuitive, and more learnable human control mechanisms. The Phase I effort created an advanced control… more
Abstract:The Darwin Test Engine addresses increasing complexity of new and legacy systems with technology designed to increase a system's test coverage and robustness through unprecedented flexibility within the test architecture. Darwin leverages algorithmic execution of tests varying the sequences, data… more
Abstract:Driven by immediate homeland security concerns, much recent research has focused on formal predictive methodologies. The effectiveness and even the appropriateness of these methodologies continue to be hotly debated. Analyses focused at the organizational or mid-range level of group activity offer… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project is to investigate an innovative structure for improving the efficiency of amorphous silicon based solar cells. Amorphous silicon has a short minority carrier diffusion length and the innovative structure reduces the distance necessary to… more
Abstract:Modeling of missile plume signature emissions play a crucial role in supporting system-oriented studies in a number of important areas related to detection and identification of the rocket motor during high altitude maneuvers. Examples of these areas include early warning systems, post launch… more
Abstract:The noise from the turbulent, hot, supersonic jets at take-offs and landings as well as high-Mach cruise at altitude dominates noise emanating from other powerplant components and has significant safety implications for launch personnel, as well as environmental impacts of noise pollution around… more
Abstract:A new chemical kinetics model and database will be developed for aerothermodynamic analyses on entry vehicles. Unique features of this model include (1) the ability to model chemical kinetics in highly nonequilibrium flows at high altitudes, (2) the ability to predict nonequilibrium dissociation… more
Abstract:Instabilities associated with fluid handling and operation in liquid rocket propulsion systems and test facilities usually manifest themselves as structural vibrations and may cause structural damage such as the cracks observed in the space shuttle hydrogen feed liners. While the source of the… more
Abstract:Our Phase I program will extend and validate a high-speed engineering transitional model (ETM) using new CUBRC data sets (such as HIFIRE-1) of interest to the Air Force. The ETM is responsive to tunnel noise and wall heating, and predicts the overshoot in heat transfer observed in transitional data.… more
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