Abstract:THERE IS A NEED TO MANAGE BETTER THE INPUT OF POLLUTANTS WHICH ADVERSELY AFFECT THE AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT. ALTHOUGH MANAGEMENT PRACTICES CURRENTLY USED HAVE PROVIDED INFORMATION ON TOXICITY POTENTIAL THROUGH THE USE OF BIOASSAYS DONE ON DISCRETE SAMPLES, MORE VALUABLE INFORMATION WOULD BE AVAILABLE… more
Abstract:RESEARCHERS HAVE DEVELOPED AN ULTRASENSITIVE QUANTITATION SYSTEM TO BE USED WITH A LARGE FAMILY OF ISOTOPES. THIS SYSTEM SUPPORTS LABEL MULTIPLEXING; MANY CO-RESIDENT ISOTOPES IN THE FAMILY CAN BE QUANTITATED SIMULTANEOUSLY, ALLOWING EITHER THE POOLING OF LABELED SAMPLES OR THE POOLING OF DISTINCTLY… more
Abstract:The scattering of neutrons permits to obtain structural information about diverse biological materials and processes. The impact of new intense sources of cold neutrons may revolutionize this field because it permits real-time, in vivo neutron microscopy. Featuring spatial resolution better than… more
Abstract:We have developed an ultrasensitive quantitation system which can be used with a large family of isotopes. This system supports label multiplexing; many co-resident isotopes in the family can be quantitated simultaneously. This process allows either the pooling of labeled samples or the pooling of… more
Abstract:A LARGE DEPLETION OF ATMOSPHERIC OZONE IS OCCURRING EACH AUSTRAL SPRING OVER ANTARCTICA. REFERRED TO AS THE OZONE HOLE PROBLEM, THE CONCERN IS THAT OZONE-POOR AIR FROM THE ANTARCTIC STRATOSPHERE IS MIXING WITH AIR AT LOWER LATITUDES. FURTHERMORE, THERE ARE INDICATIONS THAT THE SIZE OF THE HOLE COULD… more
Abstract:A THEORETICAL PROGRAM IS PROPOSED TO INVESTIGATE A COMPACT, LOW-VOLTAGE INFRARED GRATING LASER WITH MULTI-KILOWATT OUPUT CAPABILITY. THE RADIATION IS GENERATED BY THE PASSAGE OF AN ANNULAR BEAM OF ELECTRONS THROUGH A COAXIAL PAIR OF CONDUCTORS, THE INNER CONDUCTOR BEING A CORRUGATED CYLINDER WHICH… more
Abstract:This receiver sets forth a plan to utilize commercial GPS receivers for real time ionospheric prediction at a remote location. The project will demonstrate the feasibility of using TEC measurements and evaluate the accuracy and applicability of these measurements for improvements in HF propagation.… more
Abstract:This proposal sets forth a plan to analyze and archive ionosonde data. Large amounts of ionosonde data have been collected and are still being collected in analog form. We propose to design and develop a scanner which will accept these analog data, interpret them and finally archive the ionospheric… more
Abstract:Beta thalassemia, the most common disease inherited at a single genetic locus, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in populations having high frequencies of the beta-thalassemia mutations. At this juncture, the mainstays of therapy in afflicted populations consist of population screening,… more
Abstract:THE PROPOSED RESEARCH ASKS HOW DECISION MAKING CAN BE SUPPORTED AND IMPROVED IN THE AUTOMATIC TARGET RECOGNITION ENVIRONMENT, IN THE LIGHT OF (A) BIASES IN HUMAN DECISION BEHAVIOR AND (B) NATURAL HUMAN REPRESENTATIONAL AND REASONING STRATEGIES. WE WILL (1) STUDY ATR DETECTION, IDENTIFICATION,… more
Abstract:This effort would develop the laboratory set-up of the solderability tester into a real time statistical process control tool in the manufacture of printed wiring boards. By correlation of SERA test data to copper contamination levels in the solder plating bath; and the application of statistical… more
Abstract:The objective is to determine how two artificial intelligence technologies (intelligent data discovery and neural networks) can be used to provide predictions of a chemical's potential toxicity and carcinogenicity through biological data from short-term tests. The project team expects to find that… more
Abstract:IN SUPPORT OF THE REDEFINED "NON-LINEAR BATTLEFIELD" AND AIRLAND BATTLE STRATEGY, THE ARMY'S NEW COMMAND AND CONTROL DOCTRINE EMPHASIZES A MAJOR SHIFT IN TECHNOLOGICAL NEEDS FOR THE SERVICE WITH GREATLY INCREASED EMPHASIS ON INTELLIGENCE FOR AN INTEGRATED PICTURE OF THE BATTLEFIELD. UNDERLYING THIS… more
Abstract:MANY CURRENT AND PLANNED DEFENSE AEROSPACE PROGRAMS DEPEND CRITICALLY UPON RAPID DEVELOPMENT OF LIGHTWEIGHT COMPOSITE MATERIALS HAVING UNPRECEDENTED HIGH-TEMPERATURE PROPERTIES. CONTINUOUS FIBER REINFORCED INTERMETALLIC MATRIX COMPOSITES (IMC'S) HAVE THE POTENTIAL TO MEET THESE PERFORMANCE… more
Abstract:Advanced turbine engines and flight vehicles will depend upon new, high-temperature metal matrix composites (MMC's) to meet performance goals. Engineering characterization of such materials is difficult and costly, which accounts for the meager property database available to designers. Thin-walled… more
Abstract:We will develop transgenic tobacco as a cost-effective bioproduction system for human glcocerebrosidase (hGCase). Enzyme replacement using hGCase is the most effective current therapy for Gaucher disease, but its supply from human placenta is limited and its cost per patient is prohibitive.… more
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