Abstract:Researchers are currently hindered when observing dynamic gas-solid interactions in the transmission electron microscope (TEM). Yet solid-state materials and gases interact in many important ways. The most critical technological application for these observations is catalysis, where one would like… more
Abstract:Understanding the microstructural origins of the mechanical behavior of materials has always been a core area of mechanical engineering and materials science. Renewed importance has been placed on mechanical behavior studies because the length scales of electronic and mechanical structures have… more
Abstract:The inability to dynamically image solid-state materials at atomic resolutions and perform spectroscopy at the same time in changing liquid and gas environments is a significant impediment to the advance of multiple areas of science. Recently Hummingbird Scientific has developed commercially viable… more
Abstract:The project will develop a cost-effective strategy for disposing of manure produced on dairy farms by developing an affordable anaerobic digestion method that requires lower infrastructure investment and operating costs. This will lead to less reliance on traditional energy sources for dairies and… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Influenza is a highly contagious respiratory disease that causes substantial mortality world-wide. There is great international concern that the Avian Influenza virus H5N1 will acquire the ability to transmit between humans and cause a global catastrophe.… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Tobacco smoke is the primary cause of lung cancer, cardiovascular disease and premature death, with nearly 5 million people dying each year. Treatments that prevent smoking will have a major impact on global health andare attractive products for commercial… more
Abstract:It is no longer sufficient to design and build single mission vessels, large or small. In today"s world, vessels need to be multi-functional and adaptable to changing world conditions and scenarios. Art Anderson Associates has developed a concept design for a multi-mission capable, amphibious… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This proposal outlines the development of a new product, and a new methodological approach to the simultaneous measurement of subdermal PO2 and hemoglobin oxygen saturation in skin. The product, Oxyspheres , will find wide use in the development of healing… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: A subminiature laser sensor system operating at 1550 nm for use on micro-class unmanned air vehicles (UAV) is proposed. The system can be electronically reconfigured to function as a: laser designator, laser spot tracker, laser range finder and a proximity sensor. This modular system… more
Abstract:The Navy needs robust rotary unions for advanced high-speed liquid-cooled generators. Under an SBIR project for the Navy, we are developing a hydrostatic bearing/seal rotary union (HBSRU) to meet Navy needs. Hydrostatic bearings can operate at large radii with fast rotational speeds, so our HBSRU… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The limitations of standard means of obtaining informed consent for psychiatric clinical trials have been well documented. Empirical data suggests that, aided by multimedia learning methods, psychiatric patients can betaught or primed with general knowledge… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Suicide is the 11th leading cause of death in the United States, accounting for approximately 34,000 deaths per year . Despite the prevalence, many clinical research trials routinely exclude suicidal individuals dueto the lack of appropriate tools and… more
Abstract:Observing target objects from an airborne sensor is an important component of the overall process in assessing the performance of the BMD system. MDA is interested in investigating the use of"Image Chips"or partial frames in correlation of multiple IR sensors in conditions where… more
Abstract:The BMDS relies on the current and future sensor systems that include space-based, sea-based, ground-based, and airborne sensor systems for tracking, discrimination and fusion. MDA is interested in innovative algorithm concepts for long-range real-time discrimination of ballistic missile threats… more
Abstract:Mercury is a hazardous pollutant that threatens human and ecosystem health, and exists in many contaminated subsurface environments. Monitoring mercury contamination in groundwater is challenging due to the considerable effort and expense involved in collecting samples, maintaining sample integrity… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Sepsis and the related systemic inflammatory response are the leading causes of death in intensive care units. More than 200,000 people die each year in the US from sepsis and associated complications. The lung is the organ most often affected with pulmonary… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Missing data and measurement errors are common problems in statistical data analysis. We are interested in experimental and observational studies where there exist missing data and measurement errors problems. Examplesinclude health surveys containing… more
Abstract:In modern fusion concepts, inductive pickup loops continue to be one of the primary magnetic diagnostics. To convert the direct voltage measurements from the inductive pickup loop to a measurement of magnetic field, the loop voltage must be integrated. In practice… more
Abstract:Commercialization of a very high definition (HD) (>2.3 megapixel) color Active Matrix OLED microdisplay has the potential to significantly increase warfighter effectiveness without compromises in resolution, field of view and digital capability. Warfighters require high performance virtual… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The proposed project will develop and demonstrate a miniaturized, portable aerosol sampler that will collect a series of time- and location-resolved personal exposure samples for conducting research into the relationships among environmental exposure, genetics… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Genome engineering is an emerging field in which genomic DNA sequences are modified for biotechnological and therapeutic purposes. Highly specific endonucleases are the key tool that enables genome engineering approaches, as they are required to create… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The use of virtual reality for pain control; henceforth, referred to as VR analgesia, has been shown to be effective in clinical treatment of acute pain in wound care, cancer care, physical therapy and routine hospitalprocedures. VR is believed to be effective… more
Abstract:Conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to liquid transportation fuels and bioproducts is a core element of our nations strategy to replace imported oil with renewable domestic resources. Thermo chemical conversion processes typically require feedstocks 5 to 7.5 times drier than the raw materials and… more
Abstract:The PowerCube is a 1U CubeSat module that provides integrated propulsion, power, and precision pointing to enable the low-cost CubeSat platform to be used to conduct high-performance missions. The PowerCube concept integrates three innovative component technologies to provide these capabilities: … more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The goal of the Space Test Program operated by the US Air Force is to enable the rapid development of emerging space technologies by providing economical flight opportunities to increase a technology"s TRL. In particular, the CubeSat form factor has emerged as an economical platform… more
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