Abstract:… algal biomass into renewable drop-in fuels. Renewable fuels are liquid fuels made from biomass that are a direct substitute for the standard, petroleum- derived fuels. For example, renewable diesel has a higher heat of combustion and a lower molecular weight than biodiesel… more
Abstract:… driving force. By 2022, the market for advanced biofuels produced from ligno-cellulosic matter will reach 20 billion gallons and $50 billion. The Biofuel proposed in this work carries significant advantages over contemporary biofuel approaches such as ethanol and … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project describes a simple, novel and economical process for converting lignocellulosic feedstocks, such as wheat straw, to lipids for conversion to biodiesel and fatty acids for specialty markets (e.g. wax esters, stearic/oleic… more
Abstract:… branch out from their center, resulting in a specific core and surface, like a cell. In this project, we will produce high molecular weight dendrimers with a tough and chemically resistant polycarbonate core. Soy methyl ester, otherwise known as common biodiesel, will be… more
Abstract:Although biodiesels have been increasingly used in automobiles, trains, commercial aircrafts and heating systems, they are not currently used in the military aircrafts and land vehicles because they typically do not meet the JP-8 performance criteria as specified by… more
Abstract:… provides an opportunity to produce a desirable bio-based alternative to environmentally un-friendly and increasingly expensive petroleum-based rigid polyurethane foams. Recently, much activity has been directed to utilize the oil from soybean to produce biodiesel,… more
Abstract:… and more compact than systems based upon traditional reforming approaches. The reformer will operate on a wide variety of fuels, including traditional sulfur-containing military fuels, such as JP-8, JP-5, diesel, gasoline, and LPG, and biofuels, such as biodiesel, ethanol, and… more
Abstract:Alternative fuels have become a focal point for DoD programs. With the recent mandates to use alternative fuels, refineries have been forced to blend biofuels (including FAME biodiesel) into conventional fuels; which are then introduced into the existing distribution… more
Abstract:The use of Biodiesel in the U.S. is presently hampered by a lack of suitable feedstocks that do not compete with the food industry. The original biodiesel feedstock was food grade soybean oil, and became a significant problem: 1) politically, because of the impact on food… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project proposes to develop and commercialize cost-effective high performance macromolecular antioxidants based on Polnox's proprietary "dual type moiety per molecule" (DT-mPM) technology for sustainable-alternate bio-oils.… more
Abstract:…ced taro harvests for the small and mid-sized farms that comprise the local taro industry by 18% to 25% annually. This project will research a unique control for apple snail on Hawai`i's wetland taro production using the unrefined glycerin co-product (UCP) from biodiesel… more
Abstract:…vironmentally unfriendly solvents such as hexane due to the difficulty in isolating oil components from residual biomass and water. Alternative strategies are urgently needed to purify the valuable oil components from algae that can be subsequently processed into useful … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project proposes a potentially viable solution for many financially stressed biodiesel producers. Industry estimates that 75% of the installed base of 173 U.S. producers is currently idle. In order become economically… more
Abstract:… dewatering. A promising feedstock for biofuels is photosynthetic algae, which can produce lipids in much higher yields per acre then can terrestrial crops. Currently, the harvesting and extracting of the oil consumes 40%-60% of the energy required to produce biodiesel from… more
Abstract:… the remaining reserves for themselves. A strategy to mitigate this risk is to develop alternative energy sources such as biofuels. This Phase II SBIR proposal describes the development of a heterogeneous transesterification catalyst for the conversion of oil to biodiesel. The… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will demonstrate the feasibility of using manure from cattle and hogs to make bio-diesel and, in so doing, reducing the environmental impact of releasing untreated or anaerobically fermented manure. The rich mineral… more
Abstract:… address fat, oil, and grease (?brown grease?) reclaimed out of the wastewater collected from restaurant grease interceptors. These contain free fatty acids (?FFA?), glycerides and a significant amount of sulfur compounds (soaps, detergents, etc.). Thus, crude biodiesel… more
Abstract:Mandates for biofuels have resulted in the significant increase of biodiesel production in rural communities. Hawaii's Jatropha biodiesel production will produce nearly 650-700 kg of residues, consisting of Jatropha seedcake and fruit hulls for every metric ton of seeds… more
Abstract:… various places in the supply chain network of aviation fuel, in particular and other fuels, in general. Also, the research proposed here would also lead to future research in removing microbial contamination in fuels other than kerosene based ones, e.g. biodiesel and… more
Abstract:5,790 million metric tons of CO2 were emitted from fossil fuels in the U.S. in 2008. A beneficial, practical application of captured CO2 would bring significant economic and environmental benefits to CO2 generating industries. Meanwhile, biodiesel production yields around 10… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop ?BunkerGreen?, a drop-in replacement fuel blend for use in medium and low speed marine diesel engines.~ The pending 200-mile EPA Emissions Control Area off U.S./Canada coastlines will require vessels transiting or operating… more
Abstract:… due to deleterious broad interferences from microalgae?s abundant pigments, which emit fluorescence thousands times more intense than Raman signals from the components of interest. The proposed analyzer enables the characterization of microalgal productions of oil (bio-diesel)… more
Abstract:…ill test the feasibility of a ?whole transcriptome? shotgun DNA sequencing approach to identify candidate alleles that can be associated with agronomically important traits in Pongamia pinnata, a leguminous tree that produces large quantities of seed oil suitable for biodiesel… more
Abstract:"With the rapid growth of biodiesel industry, the production of crude glycerol as one of major biodiesel byproducts has been dramatically increased. Fully utilizing such a large quantity of crude glycerol is critical to the sustainability of biodiesel industry. Lactic acid is… more
Abstract:Triglycerides oils and biodiesel from various sources can be converted into renewable JP-8 through chemical means. However, the problem with this process is the cost of the triglyceride feedstock. Currently, the only source of this oil is from edible food crops. There is a… more
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