Abstract:… infrared microspectroscopy, enabling chemical analysis at the nanoscale. It has already been successfully applied to many applications, including polymer composites and films, photonic devices, organic photovoltaics, fuel cell membranes, and bacteria for biofuels… more
Abstract:… period. The ability to recover a higher tonnage of biomass per acre where a variety of crops are present due to intercropping, row cropping, relay cropping and similar cultivation methods has the potential to significantly lower the cost of lignocellulosic biofuel and… more
Abstract:… state thyratron replacement will find applications in the realm of conventional solid-state modulators. Higher current, very fast solid-state switches will have extensive applicability in kickers, Pulsed Electric Field (PEF) systems for food, wastewater, and biofuel treatment,… more
Abstract:Advanced rotary shear technologies from this project will reduce the cost of reactor-ready feedstocks and improve the energy balance for advanced biofuels, thus moving the nation towards import oil independence.
Abstract:… from dried plant material (i.e. lignocellulosic biomass such as wood chips, straw, switchgrass, and corn stover) is nearly cost competitive with corn ethanol. Lignocellulosic biomass is the most abundant, readily available, and renewable material on Earth to produce … more
Abstract:… building block. The lack of a high-yield alternative to costly thermo-chemical processes has been preventing widespread adoption of levulinic acid (LA). Because LA can be converted, chemically or biochemically, to synthetic rubber (through isoprene and butenes), bio-fuels… more
Abstract:… enzyme design with computational pathway prospecting and modeling. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project, if successful, will be to engineer biosystems and cell factories for industrial applications, especially in the field of bio-based chemicals and … more
Abstract:Acumentrics proposes to utilize the unique properties of bio-fuel to deliver an integral reformer system that will directly utilize the thermal and electrochemical effect of the fuel cell through Acumentrics"tubular technology. This intimate contact with the fuel cell will… more
Abstract:To produce drop-in biofuel from lignocellulosic biomass materials at prices competitive to fossil fuels requires consistent and reliable solid biomass feeders for pressurized reactors. Experience with coal has not been reliable, and the lower density and more irregular… more
Abstract:… vehicle. The Phase 1 contract culminates with cold flow testing of the propellant feed subsystem, which is the most novel aspect of the booster. The proposed low-cost booster design also has a low impact on natural resources, and can utilize inexpensive, renewable biofuels. … more
Abstract:… solutions are prohibitively expensive for use in small scale biomass burners. To overcome these challenges, inexpensive and effective combustion control solutions for small scale applications are needed. The proposed intelligent combustion control system for biofuel… more
Abstract:… marine applications, large back-up power systems and various vehicles that desire a smooth, quiet and light weight 1,100+ HP heavy fuel engine. Variants of this MCC engine configuration would also provide the capability to operate on other fuels such as gasoline, biofuels,… more
Abstract:Inexpensive biofuels are essential to the national economic and environmental stability of the United States. Pathways are well established to ferment sugars derived from biomass into fuels and bioproducts. However, there is a massive gap between the physical form of raw… more
Abstract:Size reduction, or comminution, is a fundamental processing step for lignocellulosic biomass feedstocks used as a raw material for conversion to biofuels. Grinding or milling of herbaceous materials such as corn stover, switchgrass, miscanthus and other biofuel feedstocks… more
Abstract:…ntended to be sold as custom and/or off-the-shelf photobioreactor lighting system to satisfy the growing market for photobioreactors. Reduced costs and improved yield will allow algae to be economically produced for current applications and emerging markets such as biofuels… more
Abstract:…gies that can offer a sustainable source of energy to complement and eventually replace fossil fuel based transportation energy sources. One promising solution is the conversion of free fatty acid substrates into high-energy hydrocarbon products for formulation of biofuels that… more
Abstract:… sources, study spatial mixing of nitrate pollution, and identify areas in which natural nitrate attenuation processes are taking place. Additionally, the SBIR analyzer can be used to help quantify the nitrate pollution and N2O emission impacts of emerging biofuels. In… more
Abstract:… because of its ability to dewater suspended solids using less than a tenth of the energy of incumbent methods like centrifugation. Using the microhole membrane to help scale this technology can slash energy use and processing costs in the areas of algae and biofuels,… more
Abstract:… high thermal efficiency and a readily scalable modular design, made possible by the use of PCI"s high heat flux steam reformer designed to effectively remove heat from the stack. In this Phase I, we will demonstrate operation of a high efficiency reformer with bio-fuels… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): This application aims to test a new Scarab E. coli strain, MDS42pdu, for commercial fermentation to produce biopharmaceuticals, amino acids and biofuels. It is designed for a very low rate of point mutations and Insertion Sequence… more
Abstract:… efficiently separate cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin (the major components of wood as well as cellulosic biomass). Cellulose can be used to make paper, lignin can be burned to provide power, and hemicellulose can be used via fermentation to produce biofuels and platform… more
Abstract:… colorimetric analyzer to yield quantitative field measurements out of essential inorganic nutrients (initially nitrite and nitrate, thereafter ammonium and orthophosphate). This analyzer will primarily be used in industrial farms where algae are grown to produce biofuel.… more
Abstract:… over other developing CBP microorganisms. Large-scale production of L-lactate from pretreated lignocellulosic biomass will enable the development of other CBP microorganisms that could produce PLA, biochemicals (e.g., succinate) and advanced drop-in biofuels (e.g.,… more
Abstract:The production of renewable butanol has proven one of the most promising but also challenging applied research objectives of the 21st century thus far. Even as pilot demonstration and commercial efforts seek to accelerate the adoption of butanol as a biofuel and biochemical… more
Abstract:Through the creation of carbon neutral biofuels and environmentally friendly methods for chemical and pharmaceutical synthesis, synthetic biology hopes to produce biology-based solutions to some of the worlds grand challengesdisease, energy supply, and pollution. Many of these… more
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