Abstract:Acumentrics proposes to utilize the unique properties of bio-fuel to deliver an integral reformer system that will directly utilize the thermal and electrochemical effect of the fuel cell through Acumentrics"tubular technology. This intimate contact with the fuel cell will… more
Abstract:To produce drop-in biofuel from lignocellulosic biomass materials at prices competitive to fossil fuels requires consistent and reliable solid biomass feeders for pressurized reactors. Experience with coal has not been reliable, and the lower density and more irregular… more
Abstract:… vehicle. The Phase 1 contract culminates with cold flow testing of the propellant feed subsystem, which is the most novel aspect of the booster. The proposed low-cost booster design also has a low impact on natural resources, and can utilize inexpensive, renewable biofuels. … more
Abstract:… marine applications, large back-up power systems and various vehicles that desire a smooth, quiet and light weight 1,100+ HP heavy fuel engine. Variants of this MCC engine configuration would also provide the capability to operate on other fuels such as gasoline, biofuels,… more
Abstract:Inexpensive biofuels are essential to the national economic and environmental stability of the United States. Pathways are well established to ferment sugars derived from biomass into fuels and bioproducts. However, there is a massive gap between the physical form of raw… more
Abstract:… high thermal efficiency and a readily scalable modular design, made possible by the use of PCI"s high heat flux steam reformer designed to effectively remove heat from the stack. In this Phase I, we will demonstrate operation of a high efficiency reformer with bio-fuels… more
Abstract:… over other developing CBP microorganisms. Large-scale production of L-lactate from pretreated lignocellulosic biomass will enable the development of other CBP microorganisms that could produce PLA, biochemicals (e.g., succinate) and advanced drop-in biofuels (e.g.,… more
Abstract:Through the creation of carbon neutral biofuels and environmentally friendly methods for chemical and pharmaceutical synthesis, synthetic biology hopes to produce biology-based solutions to some of the worlds grand challengesdisease, energy supply, and pollution. Many of these… more
Abstract:… number of genetic mutations and speed up the directed evolution process. It would be advantageous to perform such biochemical analysis non-destructively, so that the fitness of candidates could be tested in growth and stress assays after selection. In addition to biofuel… more
Abstract:… because of its ability to dewater suspended solids using less than a tenth of the energy of incumbent methods like centrifugation. Using the microhole membrane to help scale this technology can slash energy use and processing costs in the areas of algae and biofuels,… more
Abstract:Intellectual Merit This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project takes a novel approach to produce improved maize cultivars for bioenergy applications. Lignin in cellulosic biomass creates a barrier that limits conversion of cellulose into biofuels. In the proposed… more
Abstract:… quality in displays (laptops, tablets, cameras and mobile devices), increase efficiency of solar panels, and penetrate more widely into applications in medical research, diagnostics and treatment. Emerging applications include the use of semiconductor nanocrystals for biofuel… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will validate a novel single-chemical process called decarbonation of carbohydrates, which converts ligno-cellulosic carbohydrates to liquid biofuels as a drop-in transportation fuel. This novel process, proposed in this… more
Abstract:…one-step process when grown aerobically on waste feedstocks in minimal dilute acid medium. The primary objective of this SBIR Phase I is to determine the feasibility of lipid production from various lignocellulosic substrates and determine fatty acid profiles for biofuel… more
Abstract:Aerodyne Research Inc. (ARI) and Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) propose to design a high- pressure slurry pump for the delivery of biomass solids into a high-pressure hydrothermal reactor for biofuel production. Biomass conversion techniques involving a … more
Abstract:The biomass supply chain is evolving to meet the expanding forms of biomass utilization. In particular to meet the goals to produce 60 billion gallons of renewable fuel by 2030 will require a massive increase in cellulosic biofuel production. To produce 45 billion gallons of… more
Abstract:Converting biomass to biofuels and bio-based chemicals using efficient, sustainable, environmentally benign, and economical production methods has proven to be economically challenging. Biomass generally needs to be broken down and separated into its various components, however,… more
Abstract:… acids and alcohols, are truly bio-renewable, green chemicals that are promising replacements for halogenated and other petroleum-based solvents, lubricants, and plasticizers. With current uncertainty regarding the future of ethanol and other alcohols as biofuels, and with… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project is focused on improving biofuel fermentation processes by developing phage products designed to inhibit bacteria that reduce biofuel fermentation efficiencies. This product will improve biomass conversion efficiencies in… more
Abstract:… 20 percent by 2025 with adequate federal policy support. If this rate of growth is achieved, the industry could create or save tens of thousands of additional jobs in the next five years. Increasing the production efficiency and the value of co-products in biofuel operations… more
Abstract:Life cycle analysis of biofuel production from lignocellulosic biomass combined with carbon capture has shown the potential to produce negative greenhouse gas emissions. More than a billion dry tons of freshly harvested lignocellulostic biomass is available at moisture contents… more
Abstract:… and optical properties. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: Based on market experience, we anticipate significant downstream benefits in areas including the development of advanced polymer materials, automotive materials, photovoltaics, materials for biofuels, and… more
Abstract:There continues to be a need for production of biofuels from agricultural sources. Butanol is a more attractive fuel than ethanol because it leads to better gas mileage, it achieves higher blends with gasoline than bioethanol, it has greater compatibility with existing fuel… more
Abstract:… and in those also inoculated with the TCE endophyte to determine the efficiency of this endophyte to degrade PAHs in the presence and absence of TCE. Because poplar is also a potential biomass energy crop, the potential use of the biomass for biopower or biofuel production… more
Abstract:… also be met by utilizing other type of renewable resources, such as solar, wind and geothermal, biomass is the only renewable resource that produces carbon-based fuels and chemicals. The recent advancements of bioengineering technology for the production of biofuels prompt the… more
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