Abstract:…on of biomass into ethanol has been sta lled by lack of a cata lyst that can eff iciently and selectively convert syngas into e thanol. Problems with conventional heterogeneous catalysts include very poor selectivity and the production of undesired sideproductsespecially methane… more
Abstract:"Large farms and feedlot operations produce large quantities of manure in a small area. Anaerobic digester units capable of producing pipeline quality methane installed at each farm or dairy could be instrumental in eliminating the difficulties associated with the transport of… more
Abstract:Southwest Sciences proposes to continue the development of a rugged, compact, and automated instrument for the high sensitivity measurement of tropospheric carbon monoxide (CO) and methane. The application of recently developed room temperature vertical cavity diode lasers… more
Abstract:…. We propose to overcome this limitation with a fully self-calibrating, low mass greenhouse gas sensor suitable for more frequent, widespread measurement campaigns using smaller, inexpensive balloon sondes. A lightweight, inexpensive, stand-alone methane sensor… more
Abstract:In this project, Ultramet is designing and fabricating a lightweight, high temperature combustion chamber for use with cryogenic liquid oxygen/methane (LOX/CH4) propellant that will deliver a specific impulse of ~355 seconds, an increase over the current 320-sec baseline that… more
Abstract:… long-duration, manned missions that must be reclaimed by Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) hardware. Current CO2 reduction technology to recapture oxygen as water utilizes the Sabatier reaction, in which, two moles of water and one mole of methane are… more
Abstract:Methane is considered the second most important greenhouse gas in the atmosphere. The relatively short lifetime makes it a candidate for mitigating global warming over the near-term. Highly sensitive measurement equipment is required to measure the low atmospheric concentrations… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Explosions in United States coal mines resulting due to ignition of methane pose a significant hazard. Detecting methane is of special relevance in many industrial and safety applications. To address this occupational… more
Abstract:… the power draw and significant mass in oxygen, water and other supplies needed for life support. Bio-electrochemical systems (BECs) are a class of technologies capable of treating water while generating electricity or other value-added products such as methane and… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project proposes to develop a technology that can effectively capture ventilation air methane (VAM) generated in coal mine operation and convert it to fuels. VAM is the #1 cause of coal mine explosion. Currently, the only… more
Abstract:… project will develop the TPV devices, and demonstrate that their operation in the near field of hot objects may lead to more than a tenfold increase in power density over existing technologies. This technology is expected to be used for industrial waste heat, methane… more
Abstract:…are enabling complete wireless data transfer to remote control centers. The capabilities of this novel mine atmosphere monitor technology will permit real- time gas monitoring of the complete mine system and provide reliable data for the early detectionand prevention of methane… more
Abstract:…ugged field-deployable laser photoacoustic spectrometric (LPAS) sensor for continuous, real-time measurements of multiple chemical components, and perform field tests to qualify it for dynamic monitoring of Water Vapor, Carbon Dioxide (12CO2 and 13CO2), Carbon Monoxide, Methane,… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project is a feasibility study to validate a novel process for forming innovative catalysts applicable to steam methane reforming. The factors that dictate heterogeneous catalytic activity are still not thoroughly understood. It… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will develop a new technology to remove carbon dioxide from biogas. The innovation lies in using a bed material of zeolite-activated carbon to adsorb carbon dioxide. Biogas is a combustible mixture of methane and carbon dioxide (CO2). Raw biogas… more
Abstract:Anaerobic digestion (AD) of animal manure offers the potential of offsetting the declining natural gas fossil fuel reserves with renewable energy while abating odor and methane greenhouse gas emissions. However, two significant problems must be resolved prior to achieving that… more
Abstract:The overall objective of this multi-phase SBIR project is to develop a coal gasifier concept that yields higher methane (CH4) concentration in the syngas without compromising on the heating value of the syngas. Higher concentration of CH4 in syngas is desirable because it has… more
Abstract:The proposed project builds on prior research that has shown the potential for energy recovery from lignocellulosic biomass through an integrated anaerobic digestion (iADs) process. A 2005 USDA report places the current production of corn stover at 75 million dry tons per year and stated that this… more
Abstract:…n of cellulose and starch so that it can be subsequently degraded using enzymes to a greater degree than presently possible. This "pre-treatment" process will allow enhanced conversion of starch and cellulose to simple sugars and allow for higher rates of anaerobic methane… more
Abstract:… and Environmental (HEE) and called the Andigen Induced Blanket Reactor (IBR). Andigen was licensed to sells the patented IBR anaerobic digester. Then again in 2006 with the help from a USDA Rural Development Grant, HEE operated a 1996 Chevy truck on biogas (methane) produced… more
Abstract:… other agencies have called the rapid expansion of energy exploration on the Rocky Mountain Front, the single largest environmental challenge facing the western U.S. The Powder River Basin (PRB) of Wyoming and Montana is an area of major development for coal bed methane gas… more
Abstract:… attractive fuel since it can be used to synthesize alternative fuels (notably, Fischer-Tropsch liquid fuels) or chemicals such as methanol and ammonia. It can also be used directly in high-temperature fuel cells. Today, syngas is primarily made from coal, methane or… more
Abstract:Methane is the second most important atmospheric greenhouse gas after CO2 yet its global sources and sinks are still inadequately characterized. Monitoring the isotopic composition of atmospheric methane is one of the most promising approaches to closing the methane budget. … more
Abstract:… ability to test at low hydrogen concentrations and at rates exceeding 1 sample/sec were limited by our experimental test equipment. In the proposed effort, we will utilize an Environics gas dilution system to generate calibrated gas concentrations (for hydrogen and methane)… more
Abstract:…s been hindered by the defect fissures that always accompany these membranes when fabricated using economically practical techniques. Eltron is developing a process for eliminating defects in thin molecular sieve films to provide an inexpensive means for separating methane from… more
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