Abstract:… vital domestic natural resource whose recoverable reserves have been growing rapidly in recent years. As a result, natural gas costs have diverged from oil, making American chemical manufactures using natural gas as feedstock highly competitive. However, the uses for methane,… more
Abstract:… solar system exploration strategies, NASA seeks advanced high-strength and high-toughness composite materials with the microcrack resistance at cryogenic temperatures. These materials must be suitable for use in fuel containment of liquid oxygen, hydrogen, and methane… more
Abstract:… value-added products while treating wastewater. In this project, IntAct Labs will develop and demonstrate a novel wastewater treatment system known as a Mobile Bioelectric Filtration System (MBFS) which will convert the energy present in wastewater streams into methane,… more
Abstract:… can serve as a rocket engine igniter as well as the basis for a family of low cost and highly reliable launch vehicle and satellite thrusters. We propose a 6-month Phase I program to 1) demonstrate reliable ignition and operation of our baseline CIC with hydrogen, methane, and… more
Abstract:…ce soils on Mars. We will consider two possible sources of H2O: first water flowing as liquid from below the surface of the soil and second water deposited as condensate on the surface of the soil. Additional two types of photocatalysts will be evaluated for methane conversion… more
Abstract:… and Stanford will manufacture a monolithic OPO crystal, using techniques established by Stanford, generating between 1-2 W of single-frequency radiation between 3.2-3.4 um. At the end of Phase I, the OPO system will be used to measure transmission through a 50-cm-long methane… more
Abstract:Producing return fuel on Mars rather than carrying it from Earth significantly reduces the mass that must be lifted from Earth for a manned mission to Mars. The most practical propulsion combination that can be produced is methane and oxygen. Using propellant components made… more
Abstract:… Research Phase I project proposes to develop an environmentally benign and economically viable membrane process for natural gas dehydration, with essentially zero emissions of hazardous volatile organic compounds. These membranes will permeate water and reject methane and… more
Abstract:Methane is the second largest contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide. Various technologies and process improvements have been developed to curb methane emissions in the United States. There is still a lack of economically viable technology, however, to utilize dilute… more
Abstract:…ineral content of feces generated by concentrated animal feeding operations can make it an environmental hazard during storage and reuse as fertilizer, by polluting ground and surface water with excess phosphorus and nitrogen or by release of nitrous oxide and methane greenhouse… more
Abstract:… ammonia analyzers that are needed to provide supporting data and to monitor ammonia distributions are not yet commercially available. The planned technology can also be applied to detection of compounds including carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, methane,… more
Abstract:… each day. This substantial production of biofuels leaves a tremendous amount of low-value residues needing to be properly disposed of, on an island setting that is environmentally fragile. Thus, the onsite anaerobic digestion (AD) of these organic residues, into a methane… more
Abstract:ORBITEC proposes to develop, fabricate, and test a system to provide 99.999% hydrogen by efficiently performing methane pyrolysis. The system has three unique features: (1) the methane pyrolysis reactor that does not rely on high single-pass efficiencies… more
Abstract:… a gas mixture largely composed of hydrogen, CO and carbon dioxide. After removing the remaining steam from the product stream via condensation, the gases are dusulfurized and then fed to a catalytic reactor where they can be combined with hydrogen to produce methane,… more
Abstract:… soil contains at least 1% water by weight, and probably more than 3%. This being the case, the MWRE should prove to be a highly effective way of acquiring water on Mars. By doing so, it will eliminate the requirement to transport hydrogen to Mars in order to make methane… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project proposes to develop a novel membrane for a broad spectrum of hydrocarbon separations. The initial focus of the project is the development of a selective membrane for efficient separation of hydrocarbons from methane… more
Abstract:… success to develop, demonstrate, and deliver an integrated Microlith<SUP>REG</SUP>-based ground test Sabatier reactor Development Unit (SDU) for CO2 reduction, with collaborative support from a systems integrator. The SDU will convert CO2 and H2 to methane and… more
Abstract:Precision Combustion, Inc. (PCI) proposes a novel efficient, compact, and lightweight Microlith<SUP>REG</SUP>-based CO2 separator and methanation reactor to separate CO2 from the Martian atmosphere and convert the CO2 with H2 to methane and water vapor with high CO2… more
Abstract:… contaminated sites in a more efficient and faster manner, leading to reduced costs for mercury removal as well as removal of non-aqueous liquids and other contaminants. Spin-off applications include enhanced and secondary recovery of crude oils and methane… more
Abstract:…on of biomass into ethanol has been sta lled by lack of a cata lyst that can eff iciently and selectively convert syngas into e thanol. Problems with conventional heterogeneous catalysts include very poor selectivity and the production of undesired sideproductsespecially methane… more
Abstract:"Large farms and feedlot operations produce large quantities of manure in a small area. Anaerobic digester units capable of producing pipeline quality methane installed at each farm or dairy could be instrumental in eliminating the difficulties associated with the transport of… more
Abstract:Southwest Sciences proposes to continue the development of a rugged, compact, and automated instrument for the high sensitivity measurement of tropospheric carbon monoxide (CO) and methane. The application of recently developed room temperature vertical cavity diode lasers… more
Abstract:…. We propose to overcome this limitation with a fully self-calibrating, low mass greenhouse gas sensor suitable for more frequent, widespread measurement campaigns using smaller, inexpensive balloon sondes. A lightweight, inexpensive, stand-alone methane sensor… more
Abstract:In this project, Ultramet is designing and fabricating a lightweight, high temperature combustion chamber for use with cryogenic liquid oxygen/methane (LOX/CH4) propellant that will deliver a specific impulse of ~355 seconds, an increase over the current 320-sec baseline that… more
Abstract:… long-duration, manned missions that must be reclaimed by Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) hardware. Current CO2 reduction technology to recapture oxygen as water utilizes the Sabatier reaction, in which, two moles of water and one mole of methane are… more
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