Abstract:… light sources for photobioreactors. Lighting is the key to improved efficiency and scale up of photobioreactor systems. Efficient scalable bioreactors will lead to greater production of algae for use in pharmaceuticals, food supplements, livestock feed, fertilizer, carbon … more
Abstract:… small, relatively inexpensive mirrors into a small (~1 mL) cavity that requires only small quantities of calibration gases, employ relatively low-cost non-fiber-coupled lasers, and assemble instruments by mass production techniques. Increasing concentrations of carbon… more
Abstract:In this SBIR effort, Los Gatos Research (LGR) will employ its patented mid-infrared Off-Axis ICOS technique to develop a compact carbonyl sulfide (OCS), carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), and water vapor (H2O) analyzer. This sensor will provide… more
Abstract:…. This requires the soldiers"respiratory tract be isolated from encountering these contaminants. To accomplish this, the soldiers wear protective suits and/or masks which include a respiratory isolation system, more commonly called a rebreather. Current carbon … more
Abstract:… However, this fuel must be purified before use in a fuel cell to prevent harmful effects from contaminants. Reactive Innovations recently conducted a successful Phase I SBIR effort for the Navy which demonstrated the feasibility of our approach to remove hydrogen sulfide, … more
Abstract:Sensing of greenhouse gases including, but not limited, to carbon dioxide and methane, throughout the atmosphere are needed to verify gas fluxes and concentrations in order to understand the terrestrial carbon cycle. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) can… more
Abstract:Mesa Photonics proposes development of a passive optical sensor for simultaneous high-precision measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide profiles within the full atmospheric column. The approach, which is based on near-infrared heterodyne spectroscopy using… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will demonstrate a new method for monitoring carbon capture and storage (CCS) sites. CCS reduces global warming by using deep geological formations to store large amounts of carbon dioxide formed… more
Abstract:… at low light levels, and dynamic range. The overall package is expected to be compact and rugged, making it ideal for airborne/space based applications. The proposed Phase I effort will produce a breadboard MSF-CI system which will be characterized and used for a carbon … more
Abstract:Paragon Space Development Corporation® (Paragon) and ENrG Incorporated (ENrG) are teaming to provide a highly efficient reactor for carbon monoxide/carbon dioxide (CO/CO2) conversion into methane (CH4). The system is a gravity-independent, compact,… more
Abstract:… requirements for efficient operation and conservation of resources. Regenerative CO2 removal systems are attractive for these missions because they do not use consumable CO2 absorbers. However, these systems also absorb and vent water to space along with the carbon … more
Abstract:… aircraft system like the ScanEagle. In the Phase II program, we will fabricate, test, and field demonstrate a prototype sensor. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: The proposed airborne sensor for the stable isotopologues of CO2 will enable measurements of … more
Abstract:…led the High Performance Photocatalytic Oxidation Reactor System (HPPORS) leverages recent progress in high power Light Emitting Diodes (LED) and efficient, visible wavelength photooxidation (PO) catalysts to completely oxidize Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) to carbon … more
Abstract:…n significantly reduce the cost and risk of human exploration while at the same time enabling new mission concepts and long term exploration sustainability. NASA needs innovative gasification reactors to convert trash into useful intermediate products such as carbon … more
Abstract:The respiration of fresh fruits and vegetables (FF & amp;V) converts oxygen from the surrounding air into carbon dioxide, moisture and ethylene. While ethylene is used under controlled conditions as a ripening agent, the presence of even small amounts of… more
Abstract:… out of service. Southwest Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a replacement laser-based analyzer using wavelength modulation spectroscopic absorption. This device would be capable of real-time measurements of the four most important gases of interest (carbon monoxide, … more
Abstract:About 1,700 million tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) were emitted from 572 coal-fired power plants in 2012 in the U.S. To reduce the CO2 emissions, CO2 capture and sequestration processes need to be implemented. In addition to CO2, these plants produce more than… more
Abstract:Carbon dioxide capture systems are currently being considered to mitigate the increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration caused by fossil fuel combustion. The costs to implement and operate these systems must be reasonable to minimize economic impacts. In… more
Abstract:…ng operations (AFO)-agricultural enterprises where animals are kept and raised in confinement that result in emissions to the air of particles and gases such as ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, volatile organic compounds and greenhouse gases such as methane, nitrous oxide and carbon… more
Abstract:… Bis-phenol A, and urethanes with isocyanate. The ENLO resin contains none of these chemicals of significant EHS concern resulting in safer processes, workplaces, and products. Another major benefit of the technology is that the molded end products will sequester carbon … more
Abstract:…tography). CRDSprovides extremely sensitive detection while diffusion with stationary phase provides specificity. The research objective for phase I is to demonstrate selective TCE vapor detection in air in the presence of other VOCs and atmospheric components (such as carbon… more
Abstract:…, surpassing existing technologies. The outcome of the project will be a design for a manufacturable analyzer. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project is to extend the sensitivity of state-of-the-art commercial CRDS analyzers have for small molecules (e.g. carbon… more
Abstract:The storage of industrially generated carbon dioxide (CO2) in deep geologic formations is being seriously evaluated as a method for reducing carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere, and CO2 injection is being used for enhanced oil recovery, leaving two… more
Abstract:…e support materials. No current compact sensors have the tolerance for liquid water that is specifically required for next-generation portable life support systems (PLSS). Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) is developing a luminescence-based optical sensor probe to monitor carbon… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This project has been investigating the feasibility of converting carbon dioxide (CO2) and water into renewable liquid hydrocarbon fuel using solar energy and the same thermodynamic principles that enable biological photosynthesis; however,… more
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