Abstract:…particular, there is a need to better understand the processes by which warming may drive increased plant productivity and atmospheric carbon uptake and storage in biomass and soils, as well as those processes that may drive an increase in the release of methane (CH4) and carbon… more
Abstract:… Propofol endures as the most popular intravenous (IV) anesthetic due to several favorable characteristics. Anesthesia personnel customarily measure the concentrations in breath of many agents used during surgery including: molecular oxygen to prevent hypoxia, carbon … more
Abstract:… the near ultraviolet. This program targets the specific need for lasers for DIAL measurement of methane near 1.64¿m and ozone near 300 nm. However, the technology developed will be useful for sensing of other molecular species including water vapor, oxygen, carbon … more
Abstract:… to control leakage to the lowest levels possible. The efficiency of future power production facilities must be increased to address well-known problems of increasing global energy usage and emissions from the combustion of carbon-based fuels. These emissions, carbon … more
Abstract:The overall success of future carbon cycle management will depend in part on reliable carbon dioxide (CO2) monitoring to support carbon cycle measurements. This SBIR Phase I proposal addresses development of an advanced, amperometric CO2 sensing technology that combines novel… more
Abstract:Los Gatos Research (LGR) proposes to develop highly-accurate, lightweight, low-power gas analyzers for measurements of carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapor (H2O) aboard NASAs Sensor Integrated Environmental Remote Research Aircraft (SIERRA) unmanned aerial… more
Abstract:A detailed understanding of carbon cycle is limited by the availability of rapid, accurate, and easy-to-use isotope analyzers. Researchers use stable isotope data to study: 1) recycling of CO2 within forests; 2) water use efficiency; 3) partitioning carbon exchange into its components; and 4)… more
Abstract:Recent work has shown that there are substantial methane and carbon dioxide emissions from microseepages of biogenic, thermogenic, and abiotic sources through the subsurface that are not included in the carbon balance. Research on microseeps with such low… more
Abstract:… Tubular, Negative Electrode-supported Solid-Oxide Electrolysis Cell (Tune-SOEC) employing MSRI's most promising degradation-resistant ceramic materials and a unique cell design. The system will be capable of co-generating breathable oxygen and CO fuel directly from … more
Abstract:…ses of DMC synthesis either use toxic materials or require improvements in terms of yield. Use of inexpensive raw materials and benign reaction conditions will enable easy manufacture of DMC within the country and eliminate reliance on imports. Catalytic conversion of carbon… more
Abstract:Reducing CO2 emissions from flue gas has become an increasingly important concern as large emissions have resulted in global climate change and a significant increase in global warming commonly known as the greenhouse effect. The state-of-the-art amine absorption process for CO2 removal has several… more
Abstract:In this Phase I SBIR, Reactive Innovations, LLC (RIL) proposes to develop a compact and lightweight electrochemical to capture carbon dioxide in the martian atmosphere from nitrogen and argon. Our approach builds on two separately developed technologies in… more
Abstract:Biogas from anaerobic digestion of biological wastes is a renewable energy resource. It has been used to provide heat, shaft power and electricity. While methane is a major component of biogas, other constituents (chiefly carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide)… more
Abstract:…, these impactors will also provide nearly instantaneous information about the influence of water vapor on the size distribution of the particulate matter. The continuing need for energy development contributes to the potential of climate change, partly through carbon … more
Abstract:… capable of achieving validated sterility assurance levels of 10-6 (SAL6) - the benchmark for medical devices - without the useof dangerous ETO or damaging -irradiation is of great importance. The current proposed effort aims to advance NovaSterilis' supercritical carbon… more
Abstract:… from cellulosic biomass. By displacing fossil fuels as a source of carbon for industrial and energy applications, this technology will reduce carbon emissions. On a life-cycle basis, ethanol from agricultural wastes or cellulosic crops has significantly lower carbon… more
Abstract:Paragon Space Development Corporation (Paragon) will demonstrate the feasibility and benefits of our Regenerable, heat-Abating, humidity-Neutralizing, Carbon diOxide Removal System (RANCOR) for providing carbon dioxide and humidity recycling and removal for… more
Abstract:… requirements for efficient operation and conservation of resources. Regenerative CO2 removal systems are attractive for these missions because they do not use consumable CO2 absorbers. However, these systems also absorb water and vent it to space along with the carbon … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will stimulate the acceptance of carbon capture by companies that own and operate coal-fired plants. The Department of Energy considers the amine absorption of carbon dioxide (CO2) from flue gas… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The efficient production of fuels from carbon dioxide waste would be revolutionary. Catalysts are needed to provide the electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide to liquid fuels. PSI proposes to covalently bind an efficient, high rate rhenium… more
Abstract:… the effort in distributed energy generation and has deployed thousands of residential energy storage systems. However, most of the current systems are based on natural gas, which still relies on fossil fuel sources and contributes to the problem of increasing global carbon… more
Abstract:The respiration of fresh fruits and vegetables (FF & V) converts oxygen from the surrounding atmosphere into carbon dioxide, moisture and ethylene. While ethylene is used under controlled conditions as a ripening agent, the presence of even small amounts… more
Abstract:… and lower cost of proton exchange membrane fuel cells through the development of improved water vapor management. Fuel cells are highly efficient, non-polluting source of energy that can significantly decrease the US dependence on foreign oil while reducing carbon… more
Abstract:Isotopic analysis of carbon dioxide is an important tool for characterization of the exchange and transformation of carbon between the biosphere and the atmosphere. These measurements require highly accurate and precise instruments that are capable of… more
Abstract:Fuel cells offer one of the best available solutions to decrease our nations dependence of foreign oil, reduce carbon dioxide emissions, and provide reliable electricity. Methanol steam reforming (MSR) is used to generate hydrogen for fuel cells. The reaction… more
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