Abstract:…e support materials. No current compact sensors have the tolerance for liquid water that is specifically required for next-generation portable life support systems (PLSS). Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) is developing a luminescence-based optical sensor probe to monitor carbon… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This project has been investigating the feasibility of converting carbon dioxide (CO2) and water into renewable liquid hydrocarbon fuel using solar energy and the same thermodynamic principles that enable biological photosynthesis; however,… more
Abstract:…desirable for commercial applications. The technology proposed in this grant application involves the manufacture of surfaces with patterned hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions through the deposition of a hydrophobic coating that can be thermally decomposed locally via a carbon… more
Abstract:… priorities and societal challenge areas. Benefits established from Lygos processes for production of renewable chemicals include increasing product diversification from US agricultural feedstocks, increasing energy efficiency of manufacturing processes, decreasing carbon… more
Abstract:Coal-fired utility boilers generate nearly 42% of the electricity in the United States, and are likely to emit more than 1.8 billion metric tons of carbon dioxide in 2013. The current state-of- the-art CO2 capture technology, aqueous amine absorption,… more
Abstract:…, OLI has identified over 80 molecules which have been approved for use by theFDA for use as flavors and fragrances that activate or inhibit the CO2 receptor, the primary host- seeking mechanism for mosquitoes. Through prolonged activation or inhibition of the carbon … more
Abstract:Stable isotopologues of carbon dioxide and methane can be powerful tracers for identifying the sources of greenhouse gases. We propose to develop extremely lightweight infrared laser spectrometers for measurements of isotopologues of CO2 and CH4 to be usable… more
Abstract:We propose to design, build, and test a two-stage waste processing reactor for space applications. Our proposed technology converts waste from space missions into hydrogen, water, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide that can be used for energy production and/or… more
Abstract:… the vast reserves of heavy oil are becoming increasingly important as a future energy source. Advancement of liquid fuel combustion, such as diesel, propane and even the produced oil itself, brings about enormous savings for heavy oil producers. Carbon … more
Abstract:Biomass is an attractive energy source because it is renewable and it is more evenly distributed over the earth & apos;s surface than fossil fuel energy sources. Combustion of biomass emits less net carbon dioxide (CO2) to the environment than fossil… more
Abstract:Montana Emergent Technologies, Inc., (MET) in conjunction with the Center for Biofilm Engineering at Montana State University, proposes to investigate the feasibility of using biomineralization-based technology to seal unwanted leakage pathways relative to carbon … more
Abstract:… efficiency will also be directly measured. The water chemistry within the device and its effects on the nitrosomonas nitrifying microbial population will be evaluated. Water chemistry parameters within the reactors to be evaluated include: alkalinity, carbon … more
Abstract:Sustainable Innovations, LLC, is developing an Electrochemical Methane Generator (EMG), which comprises a novel method of converting CO2 and H2O to hydrocarbon fuels (such as methane) and O2. When powered by a renewable energy source, such as solar or wind power, it can provide a method for… more
Abstract:… of US-manufactured, environmentally friendly products. Moreover, increases in Bamboo cultivation as result of these new products will help mitigate adverse environmental impacts and improve public health. This will be done by the inherent sequestration of carbon … more
Abstract:… a clear market need for sustainable materials in both the US and global construction marketplace. The elimination of traditional ordinary Portland cement (OPC) in masonry blocks will provide valuable social and environmental benefits to the public in the form of reduced carbon… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: This proposal attepts to develop a new high efficiency process for conversion of carbon dioxide and water to syngas, as a first step in production of synthetic fuels. We have already demonstrated the conversion of carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop inexpensive carbon dioxide sensors for heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) controls. The sensors will use Dioxide Materials' patent pending catalyst mixtures, to create a series of… more
Abstract:… of emissions by means of correlation with wind fluctuations (eddy correlation method). While such instruments exist for single or even multiple trace gases, there is not yet available a single compact instrument that will measure all four major greenhouse gases [carbon… more
Abstract:…particular, there is a need to better understand the processes by which warming may drive increased plant productivity and atmospheric carbon uptake and storage in biomass and soils, as well as those processes that may drive an increase in the release of methane (CH4) and carbon… more
Abstract:… Propofol endures as the most popular intravenous (IV) anesthetic due to several favorable characteristics. Anesthesia personnel customarily measure the concentrations in breath of many agents used during surgery including: molecular oxygen to prevent hypoxia, carbon … more
Abstract:… the near ultraviolet. This program targets the specific need for lasers for DIAL measurement of methane near 1.64¿m and ozone near 300 nm. However, the technology developed will be useful for sensing of other molecular species including water vapor, oxygen, carbon … more
Abstract:… to control leakage to the lowest levels possible. The efficiency of future power production facilities must be increased to address well-known problems of increasing global energy usage and emissions from the combustion of carbon-based fuels. These emissions, carbon … more
Abstract:The overall success of future carbon cycle management will depend in part on reliable carbon dioxide (CO2) monitoring to support carbon cycle measurements. This SBIR Phase I proposal addresses development of an advanced, amperometric CO2 sensing technology that combines novel… more
Abstract:Los Gatos Research (LGR) proposes to develop highly-accurate, lightweight, low-power gas analyzers for measurements of carbon dioxide (CO2) and water vapor (H2O) aboard NASAs Sensor Integrated Environmental Remote Research Aircraft (SIERRA) unmanned aerial… more
Abstract:A detailed understanding of carbon cycle is limited by the availability of rapid, accurate, and easy-to-use isotope analyzers. Researchers use stable isotope data to study: 1) recycling of CO2 within forests; 2) water use efficiency; 3) partitioning carbon exchange into its components; and 4)… more
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