Abstract:… from cellulosic biomass. By displacing fossil fuels as a source of carbon for industrial and energy applications, this technology will reduce carbon emissions. On a life-cycle basis, ethanol from agricultural wastes or cellulosic crops has significantly lower carbon… more
Abstract:Paragon Space Development Corporation (Paragon) will demonstrate the feasibility and benefits of our Regenerable, heat-Abating, humidity-Neutralizing, Carbon diOxide Removal System (RANCOR) for providing carbon dioxide and humidity recycling and removal for… more
Abstract:… requirements for efficient operation and conservation of resources. Regenerative CO2 removal systems are attractive for these missions because they do not use consumable CO2 absorbers. However, these systems also absorb water and vent it to space along with the carbon … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project will stimulate the acceptance of carbon capture by companies that own and operate coal-fired plants. The Department of Energy considers the amine absorption of carbon dioxide (CO2) from flue gas… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The efficient production of fuels from carbon dioxide waste would be revolutionary. Catalysts are needed to provide the electrochemical conversion of carbon dioxide to liquid fuels. PSI proposes to covalently bind an efficient, high rate rhenium… more
Abstract:… the effort in distributed energy generation and has deployed thousands of residential energy storage systems. However, most of the current systems are based on natural gas, which still relies on fossil fuel sources and contributes to the problem of increasing global carbon… more
Abstract:The respiration of fresh fruits and vegetables (FF & V) converts oxygen from the surrounding atmosphere into carbon dioxide, moisture and ethylene. While ethylene is used under controlled conditions as a ripening agent, the presence of even small amounts… more
Abstract:… and lower cost of proton exchange membrane fuel cells through the development of improved water vapor management. Fuel cells are highly efficient, non-polluting source of energy that can significantly decrease the US dependence on foreign oil while reducing carbon… more
Abstract:Isotopic analysis of carbon dioxide is an important tool for characterization of the exchange and transformation of carbon between the biosphere and the atmosphere. These measurements require highly accurate and precise instruments that are capable of… more
Abstract:… out of service. Southwest Sciences Inc. proposes to develop a replacement laser-based analyzer using wavelength modulation spectroscopic absorption. This device would be capable of real-time measurements of the four most important gases of interest (carbon monoxide, … more
Abstract:Fuel cells offer one of the best available solutions to decrease our nations dependence of foreign oil, reduce carbon dioxide emissions, and provide reliable electricity. Methanol steam reforming (MSR) is used to generate hydrogen for fuel cells. The reaction… more
Abstract:An innovative Microchannel Sabatier Reactor System (MSRS) is proposed for 100% recovery of oxygen (as water) and methane from carbon dioxide (CO2), a valuable in situ resource available in the atmosphere or as frozen deposits on Mars and other Near Earth… more
Abstract:Understanding global warming requires continuous field measurements of carbon dioxide concentrations. High-precision measurements of a part-in-3000, or better, are required. However, these high-performance instruments must meet stringent cost objectives. A… more
Abstract:…ising livestock year-around also mitigates environmental problems caused by large numbers of animals in a confined space, such as high concentrations of manure that becomes a pollutant, and byproducts such as organic matter, urea, ammonia, nitrous oxide, phosphorus, carbon … more
Abstract:The ability to effectively remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from gas mixtures offers great potential to increase the energy efficiency of fossil fuel production, power generation, chemical production, and industrial gas purification. CO2 is present in… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: As security of fossil fuel sources is diminishing, the generation of synthetic fuels may constitute a significant strategic capability for the USAF. GES and the INL propose novel catalysts and electrochemical cell components for the electroreduction of carbon … more
Abstract:…nology cannot provide the compact sensors with a tolerance for liquid water that are specifically requested for next-generation portable life support systems (PLSS). Intelligent Optical Systems (IOS) proposes to develop a luminescence-based optical sensor suite to monitor carbon… more
Abstract:Enclosed animal feed lot facilities require effective ventilation systems that are synchronized with accurately measured temperature, humidity, and gas emissions (such as ammonia, carbon dioxide, and hydrogen sulfide). Reliable sensors that accurately measure… more
Abstract:Technical and economical assessments suggest that over the next century the capture and storage of carbon dioxide in deep reservoirs (CCS) may contribute up to 20% of CO2-emission reductions. Reliable and cost-effective monitoring is required to demonstrate… more
Abstract:An important aspect of the ISS air revitalization system for life support is the removal of carbon dioxide from cabin air and retrieves oxygen from CO2. The current state of art technology for CO2 reduction is Sabatier reaction, which is energy intensive and results in excess… more
Abstract:…th requires technologies for supporting immature organ systems on one hand while minimizing technology-induced injury on the other that may contribute to long-term adverse outcomes. Specific problems of thiskind are extremes in arterial partial pressure of oxygen and carbon … more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Liquid Light and Princeton University will develop an electrochemical process for syngas evolution that uses carbon dioxide and water as the feedstocks. Syngas evolved from the system will then be converted to JP-8 via existing Fischer-Tropsch… more
Abstract:…roducers with valuable and much needed plant nutritional materials this recycling effort will eliminate the unnecessary transportation and land-filling and/or combustion of organic materials which impacts the environment through both greenhouse gas generation (methane and carbon… more
Abstract:The goal of the project is to genetically engineer photosynthetic cyanobacteria that will synthesize farnesene from carbon dioxide. The work will then involve shutting down pathways that compete for carbon in an attempt to maximize the amount of farnesene… more
Abstract:… they synthesize. Secretion turns cells into microscopic oil-producing factories, eliminating harvesting and oil extraction steps in conventional algal oil production, thereby channeling a much larger fraction ( & gt;90%) of captured sun energy and fixed carbon dioxide into… more
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