Abstract:… with a small amount of oxygen and injected into a reactor which is being fed with waste materials via a lock hopper. At the high temperatures, the oxygenated steam will react with all organic materials to produce a gas mixture largely composed of hydrogen, CO and carbon … more
Abstract:… impact of this project is the reduction of energy consumption currently used in separation and purification of hydrocarbons found in oil and gas. In addition, if successful, petrochemical industries will reduce emissions of green house gases, including methane and carbon … more
Abstract:… conversions at high throughputs and at low operating temperatures. This is based on a novel catalytic reactor approach with high heat and mass transfer, high conversion efficiency, narrow temperature distribution, and novel approaches to carbon removal. The utilization of … more
Abstract:As a technology that would dramatically reduce both our dependence on foreign oil and lower carbon dioxide emissions, stationary and transportation fuel cells are very attractive. Although the stationary fuel cell market is well establishes and prototype automotive and bus… more
Abstract:…, are too large, are not proven or designed to run continuously or unattended for extended periods, and/or are unable to properly compensate for nature pressure, temperature and moisture variations.Southwest Sciences proposes to develop a high precision isotopic carbon … more
Abstract:… and other nutrients, and account for 50% of global photosynthesis. Phytoplankton growth is the fundamental component of the 'ocean biological pump'Â? one of the two primary mechanisms that cause the ocean to be a significant sink of atmospheric carbon … more
Abstract:Plasma catalytic techniques are proposed for the extraction of oxygen from the abundant carbon dioxide contained in the Martian atmosphere (95% CO2).. The Phase I project will clearly demonstrate the feasibility of achieving these goals by focussing on key aspects of the… more
Abstract:Oxygen (O2) contained within waste carbon dioxide (CO2) is a vital resource during long-duration, manned missions that must be reclaimed by Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) hardware. Current CO2 reduction technology to recapture oxygen… more
Abstract:Measurement of atmospheric carbon dioxide on balloonsondes is a challenge to optical detection methods. High sensitivity, precision, and selectivity are required in a rugged, compact, lightweight package. Altitude-resolved atmospheric carbon dioxide detection… more
Abstract:Understanding global warming requires continuous field measurements of carbon dioxide concentrations. High-precision measurements of a part-in-3000, or better, are required. However, these high-performance instruments must meet stringent cost objectives. A… more
Abstract:Although carbon dioxide remains the most cited greenhouse gas, other gases play important roles in climate change. Carbon monoxide measurements are probably the most important gas phase measurements to be performed in the field to track pollution, to… more
Abstract:The capability to efficiently remove carbon dioxide from industrial gas streams is desirable for a wide variety of applications. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a byproduct of many industrial processes associated with the transformation of fossil fuels into usable… more
Abstract:Coal fired power plants are a leading producer of carbon dioxide emissions. To reduce the potential of global warming, carbon dioxide can be captured at the exhaust of coal fired power plants for capture and sequestration. The technology to capture carbon… more
Abstract:… electrocatalysts and electrolyte materials will be developed to optimize the efficiency of the methanol-to-hydrogen conversion, and a unitized cell construction will be developed. A high-pressure DME cathode will provide hydrogen with low levels of MeOH and carbon … more
Abstract:Consumption of coal and other fossil fuels is a major contributor to emission of carbon dioxide and criteria pollutants. Coal gasification technologies equipped with carbon capture and sequestration (CC & amp;S) technology can help address both these… more
Abstract:… with a minimal number of components to meet the air quality guidelines for livestock and animal operations. This will be achieved by developing a distributed optical fiber sensor cable containing multiple sensor fibers for ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, and carbon … more
Abstract:"The increasing atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and nitrous oxides has been linked to climate change, which has a myriad of environmental and human health implications. In response to this growing concern, FuelCell Energy (FCE) has developed… more
Abstract:… enhancing algae for the commercialization of photosynthetic hydrogen production from water. Currently, hydrogen for industrial processes is produced by steam reformation of natural gas, a process that requires large amounts of energy and generates sizeable amounts of carbon… more
Abstract:… and quantitate the chemical components of complex atmospheric gas mixtures within diverse gas backgrounds. This multi-gas analyzer will detect and monitor in real- time, the hazardous gases associated with mine explosions and fire (methane, carbon monoxide, oxygen, carbon … more
Abstract:…s must import more than 50% of the oil the country consumes. Reliance on foreign oil creates an energy security problem for our country and contributes to trade imbalances. The United States and the rest of the world also face the threat climate change brought about by carbon… more
Abstract:We propose to build a compact, rugged field-deployable laser photoacoustic spectrometric (LPAS) sensor for continuous, real-time measurements of multiple chemical components, and perform field tests to qualify it for dynamic monitoring of Water Vapor, Carbon … more
Abstract:… potential world market for civilian waste heat recovery. Up to 17% of the US''s electricity needs could be provided by power generated from heat in exhaust streams from power plants, heavy manufacturing and transportation, thus eliminating 430 million tonnes of US … more
Abstract:… limits, the alkalinity range, sensitivity and noise issues, accuracy, stability, and so on, will be determined in this study.
A complete review of prior attempts to develop an automatic alkalinity sensor have required gas sparging to remove dissolved carbon … more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will develop a technology to utilize carbon dioxide as an environmentally benign herbicide that selectively acts on common lawn weeds. This product would exploit the differences in temperature sensitivity between weedy plants such… more
Abstract:… per year in the United States alone.
Fusion Coolant Systems, Inc. is commercializing a radically different system to replace conventional MWFs. Proposed is a new class of MWFs that is based on a high pressure solution of lubricants dissolved in supercritical … more
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