Abstract:Monomers and other chemical intermediates are typically obtained from non-renewable resources, specifically petroleum. Renewable resources, such as plant derived biomass, may become a significant source of these critical materials but new technology is required for their safe and efficient… more
Abstract:… processes used, and thedifficulty or inability to compost at the end of life. Academic and industrial researchers have investigated recycling petroleum-based polymers, incorporating bio-derived polymers to reduce intake of petroleum, and pure biopolymers (cellulosic… more
Abstract:… competitive with petroleum-derived phthalates. As a result of the cost, isosorbide is largely restricted to highly specialized uses in pharmaceuticals currently. This SBIR project will develop a new, low-cost chemical route to isosorbide starting from the cellulose contained… more
Abstract:…. To respond to this need, Luna proposes the development of a low-cost affinity matrix with a high surface area to provide substantial binding regions for targeted proteins of interest. This system will allow for the purification of any protein expressed with the cellulose… more
Abstract:… are essential to the national economic and environmental stability of the United States. Pathways are well established to ferment sugars derived from biomass into fuels and bioproducts. However, there is a massive gap between the physical form of raw cellulosic biomass and… more
Abstract:…ctive distillation to produce THF from a dilute aqueous solution containing furfural. Dilute solutions of furfural are commonly produced from acid hydrolysis of biomass. This process is commonly used in the paper industry and is an element of the production of cellulosic… more
Abstract:… renewable chemical energy, has low costs (e.g., $~0.30/kg), we propose to fix CO2 to formic acid powered by sugars through a novel synthetic enzyme pathway comprising 13 enzymes. The overall stoichiometric reaction is 6 CO2 + 7 H2O + C6H10O5 (starch, Phase I; cellulose,… more
Abstract:Sustainable global economic growth requires the diversification of energy sources and chemical feedstocks away from conventional fossil fuel supplies. One way to meet this need is to convert renewable resources such as cellulosic biomass to fuels and chemicals; however a major… more
Abstract:… metagenomic DNA from sites likely to contain bacteria that produce enzymes with lignocellulose degrading capabilities. As part of our initial proof of concept for our device, we are using our device to discover metagenomic genes for enzymes that degrade cellulose… more
Abstract:Intellectual Merit This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project takes a novel approach to produce improved maize cultivars for bioenergy applications. Lignin in cellulosic biomass creates a barrier that limits conversion of cellulose into biofuels. In the proposed… more
Abstract:… or replacement of high-density polyethylene (HDPE) shopping bags, these bags are still widely popular, with over 100 billion bags consumed every year across the U.S. alone. Lignin output is expected to increase in the ensuing years due to an increase in cellulosic ethanol… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will validate a novel single-chemical process called decarbonation of carbohydrates, which converts ligno-cellulosic carbohydrates to liquid biofuels as a drop-in transportation fuel. This novel process, proposed in this… more
Abstract:… of steps compared to current technologies. The innovative technology described here is based on the use of a novel microorganism isolated from Yellowstone National Park, which is able to withstand extreme acidic conditions and is capable of efficiently degrading cellulose,… more
Abstract:The biomass supply chain is evolving to meet the expanding forms of biomass utilization. In particular to meet the goals to produce 60 billion gallons of renewable fuel by 2030 will require a massive increase in cellulosic biofuel production. To produce 45 billion gallons of… more
Abstract:… Research Center (GLBRC) and is the exclusive owner of intellectual property that enables biorefineries based on ionic liquids that that operate at a fraction of the cost and carbon footprint of competing technologies. Ionic liquids are true solvents for cellulose, which… more
Abstract:… value C5 sugars .in the form of high value C5 oligomers (xylo-oligosaccharides or XOs) from the hemicellulose fraction of biomass. These XOs can be marketed as a high-value functional food product. Including the production of XOs to the production of VFAs from the cellulose,… more
Abstract:… operation, separator improvement, and negative electrode enhancement. The aim is to develop a nearly maintenance-free, sealed-cell that offers overall performance improvement in terms of cycle life and wet life. The systematic approach included analysis of non-cellulosic… more
Abstract:… process for extracting the chemical and energy resources from lignocellulosic biomass. Existing lignocellulosic pretreatment technologies use any of a variety of chemicals, heat, and mechanical energy to separate the poorly hydrolyzed lignin from the cellulose, and… more
Abstract:… processingof imaging data) resolution of the technique. The model systems selected will consist of a representative set of drug-polymer composites. The model polymers will cover a range of polymer types including those used for oral delivery (polyethylene oxide, cellulose based… more
Abstract:… due to land-use-change and CO2 is evolved from the forest destruction. Fatty acids are also pre-cursors for diesel and jet fuel, both of which are currently being produced from crude oil. Since the fatty acids produced from the proposed process are from ligno-cellulosic… more
Abstract:…el infrastructure, it is less volatile, it is more amenable to transport via pipeline due to low water absorption, there is no need for an engine retrofit, and it allows to use numerous existing agricultural feedstocks, as well as next generation feedstock including cellulosic… more
Abstract:… with a single material that restores lost bone and simultaneously replaces the lost cartilage with material to cushion the compressive, tensile, and shearing forces of joint loading. The innovation in this proposal is novel biofabrication process for creating 3D Nano- … more
Abstract:… Boardman Tree Farm. Improvement in the physiology of varietal water use efficiency will also lead to reductions in greenhouse gas emission. Moreover, growing stock of improved water use efficiency will enable short-rotation forestry as a renewable source of cellulosic energy… more
Abstract:…quid fuels. The goal of this SBIR project is to develop and demonstrate an approach for process intensification in biomass conversion to transportation fuels using catalytic microchannel reactor technology for production of hydrogen from the normally unused hemi cellulosic… more
Abstract:…highlights the importance of economically-viable technologies for production of biofuels from renewables. Renewable biomasses should be carbon-neutral and be efficiently used in biorefinery production. The economic potential of biorefineries is hindered by cellulosic materials… more
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