Abstract:Cellulose is the most abundant biopolymer on earth. Photosynthesis produces biomass containing over a trillion tons of cellulose annually. This almost inexhaustible source of building blocks for biofuels, bioplastics, and other biochemicals, is key to a renewable,… more
Abstract:… methods for producing high-density, liquid, tactical fuels for use in missile propulsion or as components to improve key performance characteristics of currently available jet and diesel fuels. Generation of such fuels from renewable sources including waste cellulose,… more
Abstract:… diesel fuel can be produced from renewable sources. Diesel fuel is comprised of molecules that have more carbon atoms than gasoline or ethanol. Therefore diesel is more difficult to produce from the monomers of the molecules typically found in biomass - proteins, cellulosics,… more
Abstract:…zed enzyme will be further characterized and then produced in a 200 liter bioreactor to demonstrate scalability leading to commercialization. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project is to enable the cost-effective commercial production of cellulosic ethanol.… more
Abstract:…be to advance from the Phase I to the Phase II the further refinements of circumventing the shortcomings of silver/zinc. This includes incorporating binders with the negative electrodes to limit dissolution of the electrode while cycling and developing a non-cellulosic… more
Abstract:… function. This is regarded as a national security issue. Renewable plant biomass-derived energy resources as an alternative to fossil fuels make economic, environmental and political sense, and should be investigated for moving the economy toward new energy sources. Cellulosic… more
Abstract:… plastic with poor elongation at break so there is a clear market need for a modifier that improves properties while maintaining biodegradability. To create such a modifier, the key innovation is novel covalent grafting of polymers onto reinforcing cellulosic nanowhiskers… more
Abstract:This Department of Energy Small Business Technology Transfer Research Phase I project proposal aims to develop an intensive thermo chemical conversion method of biomass to non-ethanol biofuels. There is a substantial need for alternative sources of domestic transportation fuels to displace demand… more
Abstract:… of different cell types, such as yeast and algae. The most important application for our technology is in the development of biofuels through engineering of (i) microorganisms that convert solar energy to carbon energy; and (ii) microorganisms that convert cellulosic… more
Abstract:Five years ago, Congress set a goal of 500 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol produced in 2012. Although progress has been made, EPA has drastically reduced its 2012 U.S. production projection to only 8.65 million gallons. This huge shortfall is due to many factors, including… more
Abstract:This project will provide a low-cost route for high-yield fumarate production from pretreated non-food cellulosic biomass mediated by recombinant cellulolytic Bacillus subtilis. The cellulose fraction of biomass feedstock contains more than one half oxygen by… more
Abstract:… vitro synthetic biology and demonstrate another advantage a faster reaction rate than that of microbes due primarily to the absence of a cellular membrane. In addition, the generation of electricity from renewable and low-cost sugars, namely maltodextrin or future cellulosic… more
Abstract:… damaging manufacturing methods; furthermore, dicarboxylic acid prices are rising with increasing petroleum feedstock prices. Lygos is developing microbial hosts for the cost-competitive production of dicarboxylic acids from renewable feedstocks, including cellulosic… more
Abstract:… filling. We demonstrated the feasibility of improving thermal characteristics of conventional polyurethane foam insulation by introducing aerogel particles. Two systems were studied in Phase I, including two-part blowable polyurethane foam and loose fill cellulose. Aerogel… more
Abstract:…In this study, it is proposed to use animal models of OC to evaluate IP treatment of early stage OC, mimicking disease recurrence, using the novel anti-invasive and anti-angiogenic disintegrin vicrostatin (VCN), a recombinant protein, impregnated in a carboxymethyl cellulose… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project from Nanofiber Separations, LLC will establish an innovative type of bioseparation media utilizing electrospun nanofiber felts of regenerated cellulose with high specific surface area as the support for protein… more
Abstract:… two major concerns. This new methodology represents a step change. Besides being highly absorbent, renewable, and biodegradable, tailoring the hydrogels' properties will not require alterations in the process chemistry. Immobilizing the osmotically active agent (cellulose… more
Abstract:…, ethanol, and precursors for synthetic rubber, plastics, and other petroleum-derived materials, this research can help reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil and spur domestic manufacturing, investment, and job creation. In addition, sourcing sugars from cellulose, the most… more
Abstract:…, chemical and photonic applications in medicine, defense, and consumer electronics. The proposed dip coating / spin coating application process could be widely applied to a variety of substrates, and by expanding the potential binder materials to include polymers and … more
Abstract:…niture. They also have the potential to be used in the automotive industry for auto trimming. These materials do not use hazardous chemicals and have greater strength-to-weight ratios than pressed wood products (even without the use of nano-clay and microfibrillated cellulose… more
Abstract:The emerging cellulosic-based biofuels industry will benefit national security, lower Green House Gases (GHG) emissions, and bolster the American farmer through a reliable cash crop without necessarily stressing the American food supply. For the biomass industry to become… more
Abstract:… projects have focused on production of ethanol from limited biomass resources such as corn sugar. Both the feedstock and the product must be modified for long-term biofuel viability. Here, we describe a catalytic fast pyrolysis method that aims to convert abundant cellulosic… more
Abstract:… ratios as compared to conventional engineering materials, but are notoriously unsustainable, energy-intensive to manufacture, and non-recyclable. Researchers have investigated encapsulating natural fibers with both petroleum-based polymers and biopolymers (e.g. cellulosic… more
Abstract:… last year. Ethanol has many benefits as a biofuel, with the most important being that it is a naturally occurring product of the metabolic processes of certain bacteria and yeasts. It is therefore relatively easy to produce. Massive research efforts into "cellulosic"… more
Abstract:The US is targeting the goal of 36 billion gallons of liquid transportation biofuels by 2022. Currently we produce approximately 10 billion gallons of ethanol from corn starch. In order to produce the remaining 26 billion gallons of liquid biofuels from cellulosic sources two… more
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