Abstract:…, marker assisted breeding, conventional genetics and other advanced breeding approaches. The use of advanced genetic tools for the improvement of plant feedstocks for bioenergy will be required to realize the full economic and environmental benefits of cellulosic liquid… more
Abstract:… operation, separator improvement, and negative electrode enhancement. The aim is to develop a nearly maintenance-free, sealed-cell that offers overall performance improvement in terms of cycle life and wet life. The systematic approach included analysis of non-cellulosic… more
Abstract:… process for extracting the chemical and energy resources from lignocellulosic biomass. Existing lignocellulosic pretreatment technologies use any of a variety of chemicals, heat, and mechanical energy to separate the poorly hydrolyzed lignin from the cellulose, and… more
Abstract:… processingof imaging data) resolution of the technique. The model systems selected will consist of a representative set of drug-polymer composites. The model polymers will cover a range of polymer types including those used for oral delivery (polyethylene oxide, cellulose based… more
Abstract:… due to land-use-change and CO2 is evolved from the forest destruction. Fatty acids are also pre-cursors for diesel and jet fuel, both of which are currently being produced from crude oil. Since the fatty acids produced from the proposed process are from ligno-cellulosic… more
Abstract:…el infrastructure, it is less volatile, it is more amenable to transport via pipeline due to low water absorption, there is no need for an engine retrofit, and it allows to use numerous existing agricultural feedstocks, as well as next generation feedstock including cellulosic… more
Abstract:… with a single material that restores lost bone and simultaneously replaces the lost cartilage with material to cushion the compressive, tensile, and shearing forces of joint loading. The innovation in this proposal is novel biofabrication process for creating 3D Nano- … more
Abstract:… Boardman Tree Farm. Improvement in the physiology of varietal water use efficiency will also lead to reductions in greenhouse gas emission. Moreover, growing stock of improved water use efficiency will enable short-rotation forestry as a renewable source of cellulosic energy… more
Abstract:…quid fuels. The goal of this SBIR project is to develop and demonstrate an approach for process intensification in biomass conversion to transportation fuels using catalytic microchannel reactor technology for production of hydrogen from the normally unused hemi cellulosic… more
Abstract:…highlights the importance of economically-viable technologies for production of biofuels from renewables. Renewable biomasses should be carbon-neutral and be efficiently used in biorefinery production. The economic potential of biorefineries is hindered by cellulosic materials… more
Abstract:Cellulose is the most abundant biopolymer on earth. Photosynthesis produces biomass containing over a trillion tons of cellulose annually. This almost inexhaustible source of building blocks for biofuels, bioplastics, and other biochemicals, is key to a renewable,… more
Abstract:… methods for producing high-density, liquid, tactical fuels for use in missile propulsion or as components to improve key performance characteristics of currently available jet and diesel fuels. Generation of such fuels from renewable sources including waste cellulose,… more
Abstract:… diesel fuel can be produced from renewable sources. Diesel fuel is comprised of molecules that have more carbon atoms than gasoline or ethanol. Therefore diesel is more difficult to produce from the monomers of the molecules typically found in biomass - proteins, cellulosics,… more
Abstract:…zed enzyme will be further characterized and then produced in a 200 liter bioreactor to demonstrate scalability leading to commercialization. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project is to enable the cost-effective commercial production of cellulosic ethanol.… more
Abstract:…be to advance from the Phase I to the Phase II the further refinements of circumventing the shortcomings of silver/zinc. This includes incorporating binders with the negative electrodes to limit dissolution of the electrode while cycling and developing a non-cellulosic… more
Abstract:… function. This is regarded as a national security issue. Renewable plant biomass-derived energy resources as an alternative to fossil fuels make economic, environmental and political sense, and should be investigated for moving the economy toward new energy sources. Cellulosic… more
Abstract:… plastic with poor elongation at break so there is a clear market need for a modifier that improves properties while maintaining biodegradability. To create such a modifier, the key innovation is novel covalent grafting of polymers onto reinforcing cellulosic nanowhiskers… more
Abstract:This Department of Energy Small Business Technology Transfer Research Phase I project proposal aims to develop an intensive thermo chemical conversion method of biomass to non-ethanol biofuels. There is a substantial need for alternative sources of domestic transportation fuels to displace demand… more
Abstract:… of different cell types, such as yeast and algae. The most important application for our technology is in the development of biofuels through engineering of (i) microorganisms that convert solar energy to carbon energy; and (ii) microorganisms that convert cellulosic… more
Abstract:Five years ago, Congress set a goal of 500 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol produced in 2012. Although progress has been made, EPA has drastically reduced its 2012 U.S. production projection to only 8.65 million gallons. This huge shortfall is due to many factors, including… more
Abstract:This project will provide a low-cost route for high-yield fumarate production from pretreated non-food cellulosic biomass mediated by recombinant cellulolytic Bacillus subtilis. The cellulose fraction of biomass feedstock contains more than one half oxygen by… more
Abstract:… vitro synthetic biology and demonstrate another advantage a faster reaction rate than that of microbes due primarily to the absence of a cellular membrane. In addition, the generation of electricity from renewable and low-cost sugars, namely maltodextrin or future cellulosic… more
Abstract:… damaging manufacturing methods; furthermore, dicarboxylic acid prices are rising with increasing petroleum feedstock prices. Lygos is developing microbial hosts for the cost-competitive production of dicarboxylic acids from renewable feedstocks, including cellulosic… more
Abstract:… filling. We demonstrated the feasibility of improving thermal characteristics of conventional polyurethane foam insulation by introducing aerogel particles. Two systems were studied in Phase I, including two-part blowable polyurethane foam and loose fill cellulose. Aerogel… more
Abstract:…In this study, it is proposed to use animal models of OC to evaluate IP treatment of early stage OC, mimicking disease recurrence, using the novel anti-invasive and anti-angiogenic disintegrin vicrostatin (VCN), a recombinant protein, impregnated in a carboxymethyl cellulose… more
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