Abstract:… two major concerns. This new methodology represents a step change. Besides being highly absorbent, renewable, and biodegradable, tailoring the hydrogels' properties will not require alterations in the process chemistry. Immobilizing the osmotically active agent (cellulose… more
Abstract:…, ethanol, and precursors for synthetic rubber, plastics, and other petroleum-derived materials, this research can help reduce U.S. dependence on foreign oil and spur domestic manufacturing, investment, and job creation. In addition, sourcing sugars from cellulose, the most… more
Abstract:…, chemical and photonic applications in medicine, defense, and consumer electronics. The proposed dip coating / spin coating application process could be widely applied to a variety of substrates, and by expanding the potential binder materials to include polymers and … more
Abstract:…niture. They also have the potential to be used in the automotive industry for auto trimming. These materials do not use hazardous chemicals and have greater strength-to-weight ratios than pressed wood products (even without the use of nano-clay and microfibrillated cellulose… more
Abstract:The emerging cellulosic-based biofuels industry will benefit national security, lower Green House Gases (GHG) emissions, and bolster the American farmer through a reliable cash crop without necessarily stressing the American food supply. For the biomass industry to become… more
Abstract:… projects have focused on production of ethanol from limited biomass resources such as corn sugar. Both the feedstock and the product must be modified for long-term biofuel viability. Here, we describe a catalytic fast pyrolysis method that aims to convert abundant cellulosic… more
Abstract:… ratios as compared to conventional engineering materials, but are notoriously unsustainable, energy-intensive to manufacture, and non-recyclable. Researchers have investigated encapsulating natural fibers with both petroleum-based polymers and biopolymers (e.g. cellulosic… more
Abstract:… last year. Ethanol has many benefits as a biofuel, with the most important being that it is a naturally occurring product of the metabolic processes of certain bacteria and yeasts. It is therefore relatively easy to produce. Massive research efforts into "cellulosic"… more
Abstract:The US is targeting the goal of 36 billion gallons of liquid transportation biofuels by 2022. Currently we produce approximately 10 billion gallons of ethanol from corn starch. In order to produce the remaining 26 billion gallons of liquid biofuels from cellulosic sources two… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop a novel approach to generate electricity without ?burning? fuel by using organic material obtained from bio-waste as a fuel. Unlike the conventional biomass-to-energy conversion, the current approach directly converts… more
Abstract:… strategy relies on an efficient, high-yield process developed at UW-Madison to produce liquid alkene fuels from GVL, a derivative easily obtained from pure LA. Taken as a whole, this process is a promising roadmap for producing liquid transportation fuels from cellulosic… more
Abstract:… methods for producing high-density, liquid, tactical fuels for use in missile propulsion or as components to improve key performance characteristics of currently available jet and diesel fuels. Generation of such fuels from renewable sources such as waste cellulose,… more
Abstract:… I SBIR project is to synthesize and characterize a new family of biomimetic polymers that are made from an economic, non-toxic and renewable monomer. This monomer is a major component (up to 17% wt.) of the bio-oil that is obtained from the fast pyrolysis cellulose. We… more
Abstract:… for a Phase II project that will develop high-volume production of this enzyme and use it in a pilot-scale Simultaneous Isomerization and Fermentation (SIF) system. The broader/commercial impacts of this research are dramatic cost reductions for conversion of cellulosic biomass… more
Abstract:"Cellulosic ethanol is a desirable transportation fuel for environmental and economic reasons. One of the issues limiting the commercialization is the utilization of xylose which is not fermented to ethanol by conventional brewing yeasts. Trillium Fiber Fuels is pioneering the… more
Abstract:… a brittle plastic with poor elongation at break so there is a clear market need for a modifier that improves properties while maintaining biodegradability. To create such a modifier, the key innovation is novel covalent grafting of polymers onto reinforcing cellulosic… more
Abstract:… water intensity of fuel-ethanol production is a critical national need, particularly if we are to realize the renewable fuel standards of 2010 mandating 36 million gallons of renewable fuels by 2022. Because the ethanol tolerance of yeasts used in commercial cellulosic… more
Abstract:… strain. Lactic acid is the precursor of polylactic acid (PLA), an environmentally friendly biodegradable plastic. Currently, lactic acid is commercially produced through bacterial fermentation based on corn starch or cane sugar, which are food and animal feed. Cellulosic… more
Abstract:… characterization and assayed for catalytic activity. The anticipated result of this SBIR Phase 1 research project is a novel enzyme that converts 2,3-butandiol into butadiene in the test tube. Ultimately, this project will lead to a fermentation process to convert cellulosic… more
Abstract:…have been made in electrochemical and fuel cell technologies with synthetic polymer membrane development. BST proposes to incorporate these technologies into large format silver zinc cells to achieve: a) An increase in calendar life and cycle life by eliminating the cellulosic… more
Abstract:… by entangling fiber or filaments mechanically by the use of needles (needlepunching) or by the use of high pressure water jets (hydroentangling). The majority of the fibers used in this industry, however, are manmade polymers such as polypropylene and polyester and … more
Abstract:Pectin is, after cellulose, the second most abundant polymer on earth; but its level of utilization in industrial products is very low. High molecular weight pectin is used in food products where it suffers from stagnant markets and high production costs due to the use of… more
Abstract:… Plan Renewable Fuel Standard mandates the production of 21 billion gallons of advanced biofuels from non-food based crops by 2022. In order to achieve this goal, an economically feasible process to hydrolyze biomass must be developed. Production of cellulosic ethanol… more
Abstract:…, ethanol plants, petroleum refineries, and a number of other man-made and natural processes. In order to successfully make liquid biofuels from algae, the production process must be economically competitive in comparison to petroleum as well as corn-based and cellulose-based… more
Abstract:Lignocellulose has a remarkable resistance against chemicals and microbial attacks due to its complex structure. For the production of biofuels and chemicals the aim is to cleanly fractionate biomass and to utilize the lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose individually. The… more
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