Abstract:Lignocellulose has a remarkable resistance against chemicals and microbial attacks due to its complex structure. For the production of biofuels and chemicals the aim is to cleanly fractionate biomass and to utilize the lignin, cellulose, and hemicellulose individually. The… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will test and develop the concept of enhancing the conversion of cellulose to glucose by providing the accessibility of the enzymes to the cellulose fibers at the nanoscale level. The project addresses a serious deficiency that… more
Abstract:Biomass is a renewable resource with high potential to achieve cost effective, reliable, and environmentally friendly energy to the American consumer, but yet is still deemed inefficient. First, current methodologies only allow conversion of cellulosic materials into biofuel,… more
Abstract:… T2 trichothecene mycotoxin in water is proposed that will use ANP Technology, Inc.'s established handheld reader and rapid acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor test ticket format. Dipain-II and other candidate Dipain derivatives will be immobilized on cellulose and other… more
Abstract:… United States bioenergy needs and promote biodiversity, forest biomass will be an important integral part of the biomass feedstock supply. However, forest biomass, especially softwood, is very difficult to convert biochemically to fermentable sugars for cellulosic ethanol or… more
Abstract:This program will provide low cost routes for biosynthesis of these and many other organics. Using biomass for production of fuels and chemical provides for a domestic, renewable and green route to address our fuel and chemical needs. This program provides a simple and inexpensive route for… more
Abstract:… highly sensitive and selective, i
s capable of rapidly measuring RSNO's in blood without separation or pretreatments and is suitable for simple and robust point-of-care use as a clinical diagnostic. A novel catalytic membrane will be prepared by covalently modifying cellulose… more
Abstract:…lignocellulosic biomass is limited by several factors including (1) producing large amounts of low-cost biomass sustainably (2) overcoming the natural recalcitrance of lignocellulose, and (3) reducing the high cost of enzymes used in biorefineries to convert cellulose and… more
Abstract:For environmental and energy security purposes, the United States has established mandates for the production of cellulosic biofuels at a level of 100 million gallons in 2010, rising to 16 billion gallons by 2022. There has recently been significant interest in ensuring that the… more
Abstract:… lead to serious debilitating complications and death. Conventional techniques for bleeding control have very limited utility for the brain. The standard for bleeding control during brain surgery has practic
ally not changed for many decades, with oxidized cellulose, gelatin… more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase II project will develop and commercialize a new energy efficient long-lifed cutting attachment for chipping cellulosic biomass into bio-fuel feedstock while achieving reduced specific energy, significantly longer knife-change intervals, and controllably-fine… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project will use a Homolog of Expansin Domain-2 protein to enhance cellulose performance in large-scale biomass digestion into sugars for biofuel projection. Due to the economics, politics and environmental impacts of reliance on… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project aims to develop a prototype meniscus implant of bacterial cellulose biomaterials fabricated by dielectrophoretic microweaving, an innovative biofabrication process. Nano-cellulose networks produced by the bacteria… more
Abstract:America's dependence on foreign oil has severe economic, national security and environmental consequences. The development of alternative fuels and renewable energy can alleviate these problems. The USDA has established research on renewable energy as a high priority. Cellulosic… more
Abstract:The proposed program addresses the emerging needs for the Navy to have cost effective alternative liquid transportation biofuels. The main objectives are to produce bio-jet and bio-diesel fuels from cellulosic biomass and nonedible bio-oils and demonstrate that they have cost… more
Abstract:…, IntAct anticipates that such a system, if proven, will be in high demand as worldwide capacity and production increases significantly in the coming years. An MFC treatment technology for stillage waste would have applications in conventional and advanced (… more
Abstract:KaZaK proposes to develop a water resistant cellulosic waste bag constructed from typical Kraft paper and glue materials as found in traditional paper bag products. The water resistance will derive from a proprietary surface coating that is inorganic and of natural origin. The… more
Abstract:… (HMF) is a versatile biomass-derived platform compound that can be used to synthesize a broad range of chemicals currently derived from petroleum, such as furan-2,5-dicarboxylic acid (FDA). A large-scale, sustainable use of HMF will require cellulosic biomass as… more
Abstract:… process for producing diesel from biomass pyrolysis oil. The bio oil (pyrolysis oil) can be produced from any biomass source including, but not limited to, forest wood biomass, grassland biomass, organic non-recyclable components of municipal solid waste, and cellulosic waste… more
Abstract:…since the CO2 released when the "biomass portion" of the fuel is burned or gasified eventually ends up being used to grow more biomass. Biomass is an indirect way of utilizing solar energy (which provides the energy needed by the plants to convert CO2 into cellulose) and has the… more
Abstract:While significant progress has been made in the conversion of cellulosic biomass to fuel ethanol, it has not yet been commercialized on a wide-scale because a number of important technical problems remain unsolved. If these challenges can be overcome, cellulosic ethanol is much… more
Abstract:… CO2 released when biomass is burned or gasified (or the fuelmade from biomass is burned), eventually ends up being used to grow more biomass. This is anindirect way of utilizing solar energy (which provides the energy needed by the plants to convert CO2 into cellulose) as a way… more
Abstract:… as a fuel or fuel additive. Ethanol is produced primarily by fermentation of grains, but if it could instead be made from the syngas produced thermochemically from biomass gasification, a valuable fuel could potentially be made using a wide variety of cellulosic feedstocks.… more
Abstract:… tested to maximize lipid production. Continuous biodiesel production is possible by utilizing the nonconventional Mcgyan process.
The broader/commercial impact of the project will be to improve the science of producing biodiesel from non-food based, cellulosic fermentable… more
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