Abstract:… The specific aimsof this Phase I STTR proposal are as follows: Specific Aim 1: Determine the type of filter material required for the efficient removal of doxorubicin from blood. This will be accomplished by a) preparing carbon beads with three different coatings (cellulose… more
Abstract:… electronics to improve cell balancing while mitigating potential for cell overcharge/over discharge. It will be achieved through the development and use of improved zinc electrodes, novel separator materials designed to either replace or facilitate the present cellulosic… more
Abstract:…lop a ceramic nanofiltration membrane with highly uniform pores oriented perpendicularly to the membrane surface using DNA as a template in a silica sol-gel. This membrane will be optimized to perform molecular separation and purification of fuels and chemicals from cellulosic… more
Abstract:… for its use. At best, corn can only account for 25% of replacement fuels. To meet the increasing demand for ethanol, the lowest cost and largest reservoir of plant-based renewable resources lies in the recovery of 5 and 6 carbon sugars from plant cell walls. Cellulosic… more
Abstract:…, national security threats stemming from dependence on foreign oil, and economic dislocation as the global economy adjusts to the end of cheap petroleum, companies and consumers are seeking alternatives to gasoline. Although ethanol produced from renewable cellulosic biomass… more
Abstract:… to develop a commercially deployable technology for woody biomass bioconversion to produce ethanol or specialty chemicals. The proposed technology, SPORL, showed superior performance in preliminary laboratory study to achieve over ninty percent softwood cellulose conversion to… more
Abstract:Economic bioethanol production is critically dependent upon the ability to convert both the hexose (C6) and pentose (C5) sugars resulting from cellulose and hemicellulose components of biomass. C5 sugars are not readily fermentable by native organisms. Genetically Modified… more
Abstract:…plications and other Benefits as described by the awardee: Successful scale up of the technology should enable the cost-competitive production of sugars and lignin from biomass, which in turn could tremendously increase the commercialization prospects of cellulosic ethanol, as… more
Abstract:… to existing RSNO assay techniques, the proposed electrochemical RSNO sensor is highly sensitive and selective and is capable of measuring RSNOs in blood without
any separation of pretreatments. A novel catalytic membrane will be prepared by covalently modifying cellulose… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project develops a new cutting attachment for chipping/grinding/chopping of cellulosic biomass to yield feedstock for production of cellulosic ethanol. With increasing energy/diesel prices, power… more
Abstract:… this situation, the DOE has identified switch grass as an ideal crop for conversion into bioethanol, and many efforts are now underway to develop a conversion process that is economically practical. The process bottleneck is the breakdown of switch grass cellulose into simple… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project seeks to develop a breakthrough chemical process to convert cellulosic biomass into alcohols that can be easily blended into gasoline. This project addresses the urgent need for biomass conversion technologies that can… more
Abstract:… proposes a novel biofuel production process by combining catalytic depolymerization and catalytic hydroprocessing into only a few simple unit operations. The process is not dependent on the feedstock. Glycerides from non-edible oil, waste kitchen oil and grease, cellulose and… more
Abstract:… alone, an estimated 157 millions of gallons of diesel fuel are consumed in the processing of recovering woody waste streams. The woody waste streams have value in the forms of renewable energy source for electricity co-generation, potential feed stock for cellulose ethanol… more
Abstract:Size reduction, or comminution, is a necessary, but energy intensive, processing step in the conversion of lingo-cellulosic biomass feedstocks into biofuels, including ethanol, bio-oil, and other products. Comminution ¿ by chippers, grinders, hammer mills, and the like ¿ not… more
Abstract:This award is funded under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Public Law 111-5). This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project aims to develop a prototype meniscal implant using bacterial cellulose and a novel biofabrication process,… more
Abstract:The USDA has established research on renewable energy as a high priority. Cellulosic ethanol from perennial grasses has the potential to become an important component of America's effort to reduce its dependence on foreign oil and alleviate the buildup of greenhouse gases. For… more
Abstract:…n industry has consistently been shown to be dependent the propagation of elite varieties that have undergone hybridization and intense selection for improved agronomic characteristics. Hybrid poplar will similarly play a large role in the future supply of cellulosic energy… more
Abstract:… clostridia strains suitable for industrial scale alcohol production from renewable feedstocks and also to improve metabolic engineering technologies for all clostridia. Clostridia are strictly anaerobic, endospore forming prokaryotes of major importance to cellulose degradation… more
Abstract:The bacteria genus, Clostridium, includes many species that are naturally capable of degrading cellulose and producing valuable chemicals and fuel alcohols. Unfortunately the genetic engineering tools for developing improved strains are limited for all clostridia. This project… more
Abstract:The proposed program addresses the emerging needs for the Navy to have cost effective alternative liquid transportation biofuels. The main objectives are to produce bio-jet and bio-diesel fuels from cellulosic biomass and nonedible bio-oils and demonstrate that they have cost… more
Abstract:… in metabolic engineering. The tools will be based on the production of odorants and enable real-time time monitoring of gene expression levels during fermentation. Metabolic engineering holds great promise for enabling a range of important applications including cellulosic… more
Abstract:…ork with Professor of Nanobiology Nathaniel C. Cady of UAlbany in the testing and development of a broad-spectrum approach to combating infections within military populations. We will work to expand on our ability to conformally deposit various metal onto cellulose and silk… more
Abstract:… service life. iFyber LLC, the lead company for this project, proposes to work toward extending the lifetime of CB protective garments by embedding conductive cotton fiber sensors. We will work to expand on our ability to conformally deposit various metal onto cellulose fibers… more
Abstract:There are often major economic and logistical challenges in getting woody biomass out of the forest or off the farm in a manner, which justifies the costs of harvesting and transportation. Raw cellulosic biomass, woody or otherwise, is moist and bulky, which limits its… more
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