Abstract:This program proposes to replace petroleum-based chemicals with formulations that are less expensive and safer to use in the environment. Critical to this goal is the incorporation of biopolymer additives require as binders for powder injection molding. Water soluble, … more
Abstract:… recently gained tremendous popularity as secondary reinforcement in conventional concrete for shrinkage crack control. Concrete reinforcing fibers should provide high levels of slenderness ratio, elastic modulus, tensile and bond strengths, and fineness. Cellulose fibers… more
Abstract:Many crop residues, feed byproducts, forages and other biomass have little or no nutritional value asanimal feed. Lignin in these materials is the most significant factor that limits the availability ofstructural carbohydrate (i.e., cellulose and hemicellulose) to microbial… more
Abstract:… Although inflammation and production of extracellular matrix components is necessary for normal wound healing, adhesions may also occur which can lead to significant clinical complications. Simple bioresorbable barriers made from hyaluronic acid, regenerated cellulose, or… more
Abstract:The objective of the project is to develop an improved medical wound dressing product using microbially derived cellulose. Given the unique properties of microbial cellulose (extreme hydrophilicity, high strength, excellent shape retention, biodegradable) and… more
Abstract:Frothed foams will be prepared and applied in place as low cost mulches for weed control in small plot specialty crop operations. Foam mixes will be formulated from degradable natural polymers including gelatins and starches. Fillers will be common cellulosic mulch ingredients… more
Abstract:… of domestic raw natural gas requires processing to remove carbon dioxide, but current techniques suffer from a number of problems. Membrane separation offers promise; however, most of the membrane plants installed for this application have been based on cellulose acetate… more
Abstract:… RESISTANT MATERIALS. IT IS BELIEVED THAT THE TECHNOLOGIES USED IN THE ABOVED- MENTIONED MATERIALS CAN BE EASILY CONVERTED FOR USE IN IMPROVING THE ABRASION RESISTANCE OF THE HELICOPTER COMPOSITE MATERIALS. SPECIFICALLY, A NEW CLASS OF POLYMERIZABLE URETHANE-MODIFIED CELLULOSE… more
Abstract:… that assist wound healing in patiehealing wounds. This will be accomplished by the topical delivery of nitric oxide (NO) - a moleculebiological functions, locally at the wound site. Delivery of NO will be achieved through the incorpopolymers, such as polyethyleneimine-cellulose… more
Abstract:A WATER-BONE, CELLULOSIC BASED FORMULATION IS PROPOSED WHICH PROMISES TO SIGNIFICANTLY ADVANCE THE STATE OF THE ART OF NON-TOXIC ANTIFOULING PAINTS. THE NOVEL COMPOSITION CONTAINS NO TOXIC INGREDIENTS, NOR ANY VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS (VOC). THE PROPOSED TECHNOLOGY IS ALSO… more
Abstract:We propose a practical new concept for a bioreactor to remove microbiota from waste water. It will convert potentially harmful microorganisms to innocuous cellulosic structures which can then be biologically degraded further. This process will use no filters or other expendibles… more
Abstract:Acute hepatic failure (AHF) with Stage 4 coma is a serious illness with over 60% mortality whentreated with supportive therapy. The BioLogic-DT is an extracorporeal liver support device in whichblood passes through cellulosic packages with a suspension of powdered charcoal and… more
Abstract:…, deicing runoff must be confined for subsequent treatment. Calcium magnesium acetate (CMA) is very expensive ($650) per ton) because of the high cost of glacial acetic acid. This project will investigate a unique technology for producing acetic acid from the cellulosic… more
Abstract:…. THEZEOLITE AS IT FORMS WILL GROW A CHANNEL AROUND THE HYDROCARBON CHAIN. THE RESULTANT HYBRID FILM WILL BE EVALUATED FOR SEPARATION OF GAS AND LIQUID SOLUTION AS PREPARED AND AFTER REMOVAL OF THE POLYMER FILM. WE PLAN TO PRODUCE A SILICALITE MEMBRANE ON A CELLULOSE ESTER FILM… more
Abstract:THE LONG-TERM GOAL OF THIS PROPOSED PROGRAM IS TO DEVELOP PURE CELLULOSE FOAM PRODUCTS AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO THE POPULAR POLYSTYRENE FOAM (PSF) ITEMS SUCH AS CUPS AND TRAYS. THERE IS GROWING PUBLIC CONCERN OVER THE CONTINUAL ACCUMULATION OF NONDEGRADABLE PLASTICS IN THE… more
Abstract:We will apply a novel adjuvant to the production of an effective, safe vaccine against PIV3. The proposed adjuvant is a proprietary formulation of microcrystalline cellulose, starch, and sugar. We will use a hamster model to test the ability of the novel adjuvant to enhance the… more
Abstract:… CONVERSION OF THE BIOMASS PRECURSOR TO AROMATICS. THIS PROJECT WILL DEVELOP A CONCEPT FOR AN ECONOMICAL PROCESS TO PRODUCE THESE IMPORTANT FUEL COMPONENTS FROM RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES. FEED MATERIALS FOR THE PROCESS INCLUDE STARCH, HEMICELLULOSE, AND CELLULOSES COMPONENTS,… more
Abstract:…S TO DEVELOP A NEW APPROACH TO IMPROVING THE SELECTIVITY OF MEMBRANES FOR THE SEPARATION OF GAS STREAMS CONTAINING CONDENSABLE GASES AND VAPORS. THE MEMBRANES CONSIST OF POLYMERS MODIFIED WITH MOLECULAR SIEVES SUCH AS ZEOLITE. RECENT EXPERIMETHYLSILOXANE OR CELLULOSE ACETATE… more
Abstract:A METHOD FOR THE HIGH SPEED ELECTROPHORETIC SEPARATION OF NESTED SETS OF NUCLEIC ACID FRAGMENTS IN A SOLID (I.E., NONGEL) SUBSTRATE IS BEING DEVELOPED. THE TECHNIQUE EMPLOYS THIN CELLULOSE MEMBRANES AS THE SUPPORTS FOR THE SEPARATION OF SEQUENCING FRAGMENTS IN AN ELECTRIC FIELD.… more
Abstract:… PROPOSES TO INVESTIGATE VARIOUS SYSTEM CONCEPTS FOR THE UTILIZATION OF SUCH BIOMASS RESOURCES IN THE PRODUCTION OF ETHANOL. IN ORDER TO IMPROVE THE ECONOMICS OF SUCH SYSTEMS, THE INVESTIGATION WILL EMPHASIZE THE COMPLETE UTILIZATION OF ALL PLANT COMPONENTS, INCLUDING … more
Abstract:… WHICH PROMISES TO SIGNIFICANTLY ADVANCE THE STATE OF THE ART FOR PROTECTING WOODEN STRUCTURES FROM THE RAVAGES OF MARINE BORERS, AS WELLAS FOULING ORGANISMS IN GENERAL. THE NEW SYSTEM WILL PROVIDE FOR A SIGNIFICANTLY STRENGTHENED COVALENT BONDING BETWEEN THE CELLULOSIC… more
Abstract:…IOTIN- AND AVIDIN-BASED METHODS. LACK OF A SENSITIVE AND RAPID BIOTIN-BASED METHOD HAS HAMPERED TRANSITION OF RECEPTOR RESEARCH TO ROUTINE CLINICAL PRACTICE. A METHOD IS PROPOSED THAT TRANSFERS MRNA DIRECTLY FROM TISSUE CELLS IN FROZEN SECTION TO IMMOBILIZING CELLULOSE MEMBRANES… more
Abstract:… AND FORESTRY BYPRODUCS BIOMASS MATERIALS, DERIVED MAINLY FROM AGRICULTURAL AND FORESTRY BYPRODUCTS, REPRESENT A LARGE SOURCE OF VALUABLE ORGANIC CHEMICAL FEEDSTOCKS. FOR UTILIZATION OF BIOMASS TO BE ECONOMICALLY ATTRACTIVE, ALL THE MAJOR POLYMERIC COMPONENTS OF IT (CELLULOSE… more
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