Abstract:… range of solar incidence angles, and 3) lowering the cost of the finished device for commercialization. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project will be its effect on the economics of the energy sector, national energy security, and global climate … more
Abstract:…jobs in the next five years. Increasing the production efficiency and the value of co-products in biofuel operations will also improve the carbon footprint and greenhouse gas emissions from US biorefineries. The research developed under this proposal will address both the … more
Abstract:…. Other applications of this technology include air pollution monitoring, human breath analysis, and industrial process monitoring. This technology will provide a significant societal benefit through improved understanding and mitigation of global warming and global climate … more
Abstract:…abundances of HNO3 in real time in order to better assess nitrogen oxide chemistry resulting in tropospheric ozone production and subsequent aerosol and cloud modifications. Improved understanding of aerosol and cloud properties will improve our understanding of global climate… more
Abstract:… can exert an influence on the earths radiation budget comparable in magnitude with greenhouse gases. However, the uncertainties in the current understanding of aerosol direct and indirect forcing limit the ability to quantify human influences on climate … more
Abstract:…e stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen (13C/12C-15N/14N) determine how the composition of organic matter will be changed by biogeochemical processes. Stable isotope data can contribute to both source-sink and process information in carbon- sequestration and climate … more
Abstract:…help mitigate current measurement limitations in applications that include aerosol health effects studies, flux measurements of aerosol species from ocean and land surfaces, studies of rapid aerosol evolution in power-plant plumes, creation of data sets for climate … more
Abstract:… MEMS sensor. Applications of the new technology include aerosol health effects studies, routine continuous monitoring of ambient ultrafine particle size distributions, studies of rapid aerosol evolution in power-plant and other exhaust plumes, creation of data sets for climate… more
Abstract:Environmental Benefits: The proposed technology relates to Climate change and sustainable energy. Fatty acids are currently produced from palm oil, 80% of which comes from Malaysia and Indonesia. Both these countries have finite land available and often times… more
Abstract:… It is currently estimated that 15% of the world's population is undernourished and 5 million childhood deaths a year are attributable to malnutrition. The ability to feed the world in the future will be even more difficult due to population growth, climate … more
Abstract:Biomass to biofuels can provide solutions for energy independence, lower cost of fuels and global climate change mitigation. However, to achieve the goal of converting biomass into biofuels, the biomass must be broken down into its component sugars so they… more
Abstract:Observations unequivocally show that the global climate is changing and the results are dramatic. With the accelerating pace of climate change, the impact of these changes will resonate through a broad range of fields including public health, infrastructure,… more
Abstract:Reducing CO2 emissions from flue gas has become an increasingly important concern as large emissions have resulted in global climate change and a significant increase in global warming commonly known as the greenhouse effect. The state-of-the-art amine… more
Abstract:…e and environmentally benign bio-insecticide with substantial commercial potential to replace chemical insecticides now used to protect high value trees and to expand control strategies where chemical insecticides are too expensive or limited by environmental impact. A climate… more
Abstract:… the proposed mass transducers, these impactors will also provide nearly instantaneous information about the influence of water vapor on the size distribution of the particulate matter. The continuing need for energy development contributes to the potential of climate … more
Abstract:… reduce carbon emissions. On a life-cycle basis, ethanol from agricultural wastes or cellulosic crops has significantly lower carbon dioxide emissions than ethanol produced from grain. Thus, significant societal benefits accrue by reducing the risk of catastrophic climate … more
Abstract:… predictive capability for precipitation forecasts. They can also lead to increased understanding of complex feedback mechanisms involving the interaction of H2O vapor, temperature, radiative balance, and precipitation and therefore are important to global climate … more
Abstract:… of the Earth in climate modeling studies. New instrumentation to provide sensitive, high throughput airborne measurement of ozone and other aerosol precursor gases is required to provide the necessary inputs in developing and refining accurate models of climate … more
Abstract:The Arctic as a region of particular sensitivity to climate change. In the past few decades, the annual average temperature over the Northern high latitude land surface has risen at almost twice the rate of the global average, disrupting the region and its… more
Abstract:… intelligence and security, vector epidemiology, agriculture, biodiversity research, and museum curation. Natural history museums are vast, largely untapped sources of biological data for addressing complex questions ranging from tracking terrorists to climate … more
Abstract:Quantifying oceanic CO2 uptake and ocean acidification and understanding their impact on global climate and ocean ecology are key goals of NOAA’s climate change research programs. NOAA’s request for Development of a long-term Langrangian pH and pCO2… more
Abstract:… of 700 deg. C operation. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project will be the enabling of low-cost electricity from the sun. It is imperative that society reduce its usage of fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, coal) to address pressing concerns - climate … more
Abstract:… the potential to alter the characteristics of the climate variables affecting wind energy production. We propose to develop software tools to allow wind energy stakeholders to assess the uncertainties of interannual variability, atmospheric turbulence, and climate … more
Abstract:… AWT will be scaled up to provide a solution to harnesses vast offshore wind resources located over deep water. This research supports USDA goals by enhancing rural prosperity by lowering consumer energy rates, increasing electric system reliability, mitigating climate … more
Abstract:…usly undesirable wind map locations. Most of the 2 million farming and ranching locations across the country have connections to the grid by distribution lines. This established infrastructure will facilitate sustainable renewable energy development while mitigating climate … more
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