Abstract:Nuclear power is an important part of the Nations energy security providing 20 percent of U.S. electricity generation without the emission of gases associated with global climate change and air pollution. The DOE would like to improve and optimize the… more
Abstract:… lead to distinctive isotope patterns. Measuring the isotopic signatures provide answers to fundamental questions on bio-productivity and energy cycling and give clues to the origin of life and evolution. Consequently, isotopic data hold keys to predicting future climate… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project addresses the need for new widespread datasets to help reduce uncertainties in current predictions of climate change and to improve our understanding of the health impacts of air pollutants. The… more
Abstract:…0/job). DMC is a green organic solvent which has an extremely low toxicity and pollution potential. The increased use of DMC will be good for our environment protection and the increased production of DMC from CO2 will be good for slowing the global climate … more
Abstract:… this software platform for general users in the scientific and research community. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: Public benefits include national security enhancement by adding to the methods for detecting clandestine nuclear explosions, climate … more
Abstract:…essful demonstration of our technology can significantly reduce the cost and energy penalties associated with CO2 capture and separation from combustion and power plant flue gases. Implementation of the technology would be a step in reducing global warming and climate … more
Abstract:…sforms online GIS mappers into a climate impact assessment and planning tool that allows planners to visualize the impact of storm surges with sea level rise and coastal erosion using a 3D virtual city. The goal is to assist planners and emergency services to adapt to climate… more
Abstract:… that requires only small quantities of calibration gases, employ relatively low-cost non-fiber-coupled lasers, and assemble instruments by mass production techniques. Increasing concentrations of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere are changing the earths climate. Climate… more
Abstract:… data network infrastructure, optical interconnects are essential to achieve the ever increasing data rates (i.e. 100+ Gigabit per sec and higher line rates). Likewise, high-performance computing (HPC), that enables scientific breakthroughs in DOE missions such as climate … more
Abstract:… observations in the Arctic, instrumented Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASs) represent one means to efficiently monitor large areas. Measurement of the vertical profile of atmospheric aerosol optical properties can provide new data crucial to understanding climate … more
Abstract:… as a function of space and time as the Arctic responds to climate forcing. New instrumentation is required to enable routine, widespread measurements with good precision from unmanned aircraft. These new observations may have important implications for global climate … more
Abstract:Understanding the role of atmospheric CO2 on the carbon cycle and climate change is needed in order to develop better models and policies for dealing with fossil fuel emissions. Compact, lightweight, low-cost sensors capable of unattended operation on remote… more
Abstract:…. Such measurements can improve predictive capability for precipitation forecasts as well as lead to increased understanding of complex feedback mechanisms involving H2O vapor, temperature, radiative balance, and precipitation and therefore are important to global climate … more
Abstract:It is increasingly recognized that the Arctic is a bellwether for climate change. As the Arctic region responds to climate forcings, monitoring how aerosol distributions respond and modify their impact on radiative transfer will become increasingly important… more
Abstract:The modeling data provides valuable insight into actual and potential climate changes, and has the po- tential to be leveraged by other researchers (e.g., agriculture, water resources, energy) and commercial users (who have requested access to such data).… more
Abstract:… a substantial contribution to the greenhouse gas effect. Rapid, widespread accurate measurements of ambient methane concentration are needed to include in environmental models. D.O.E. is particularly interested in methane measurements in the Arctic where rapid climatic … more
Abstract:…: Federal benefits include the availability of rugged, high precision UAV compatible instruments for the rapid and precise measurements of important isotopic gases such as CO2 that will improve our knowledge for predicting and modeling atmospheric dynamics and climate … more
Abstract:…ral benefits include the availability of a rugged, low cost, OCT-based instrument for 3D imaging root system architecture that will provide a valuable new tool for evaluating biological carbon sequestration, as well as characterizing biological response to climate … more
Abstract:Quantifying oceanic CO2 uptake and ocean acidification and understanding their impact on global climate and ocean ecology are key goals of NOAA’s climate change research programs. NOAA’s request for Development of a long-term Lagrangian pH and pCO2… more
Abstract:… Remote Sensing market will grow to more than $9.9 billion by the end of 2012, with a CAGR of 6.3%. The global market for Environmental Sensing technologies is projected to reach $13 billion in 2014, with a CAGR of 5.2%. Applications within this market include climate … more
Abstract:…d developing every technology that can generate energy at a competitive cost within the next 50 years. Development of the FiSH-MHK transformative technology on top of the verified and pilot-tested VIVACE technology will bolster domestic energy security and mitigate global … more
Abstract:The U.S. Arctic continues to be one of the most difficult places on Earth for year-round scientific observations and research, and ice sheet and sea level changes have been explicitly identified as a current priority in the Presidents Climate Change Science… more
Abstract:… technology in the US, but provide actual value to a DOE CO2 sequestration site. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: There is worldwide public concern and considerable projected economic impact regarding the contributions of anthropogenic CO2 to climate … more
Abstract:… and will provide a substantial benefit for teaching a broad range of science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) skills and concepts in an interdisciplinary approach. Applications will include renewable energy, agricultural management, building/sensor design, climate… more
Abstract:…ul tracers for identifying the sources of greenhouse gases. We propose to develop extremely lightweight infrared laser spectrometers for measurements of isotopologues of CO2 and CH4 to be usable for UAV airborne surveys with high precision and speed for studies of Arctic climate… more
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