Abstract:The increase in extreme weather events over the past several decades has underscored the need for regional planning strategies that will support future preparedness and mitigate climate change impact on local communities across the United States. While… more
Abstract:Predictive modeling and understanding of the response and resilience of the terrestrial environment to both climate change and human intervention is critical for sustainable management of natural resources. However, measurement and modeling of terrestrial… more
Abstract:…imize cycle time and begin scale-up of the technology in preparation for volume manufacturing. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: FCEVs have the potential to significantly reduce US dependence on foreign oil and lower harmful emissions that contribute to climate … more
Abstract:… selectivity is also possible due to the ultra-fast nano-TCD response, this will be investigated in Phase I and developed fully in Phase II. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: Not only are measurements of such fluxes crucial in the research fields of climate… more
Abstract:The increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is changing the earths climate. Climate change will cause periods of extremely high daily temperatures, increase the frequency of heavy rainfall, intensify droughts, increase the maximum wind… more
Abstract:… proposed analyzers in distributed networks to measure carbon dioxide in the atmosphere at local, regional, and global scales. These instruments will benefit the public by collecting the information needed to formulate policies that efficiently mitigate the impacts of climate… more
Abstract:… OtherBenefits: Federal benefits include the availability of a rugged, low cost, instrument for 3D imaging root system architecture that will provide a valuable new tool for evaluating biological carbon sequestration, as well as characterizing biological response to climate … more
Abstract:… Remote Sensing market will grow to more than $9.9 billion by the end of 2012, with a CAGR of 6.3%. The global market for Environmental Sensing technologies is projected to reach $13 billion in 2014, with a CAGR of 5.2%. Applications within this market include climate … more
Abstract:… III and beyond, this project will be of great benefit to the public and the Federal Government. Precise and extensive cloud characterization data will lead to better understanding of the contribution of atmospheric clouds to Earths radiative budget and climate … more
Abstract:… cover plays a major role in governing the exchange of energy between the ocean and atmosphere in the Polar Regions. As such, observations of ice extent and thickness, including temporal growth and melt cycles, improves our understanding of the ongoing global climate … more
Abstract:Carbon capture and storage is generally considered as a crucial component of any U.S. strategy for addressing the climate change problem. Carbon dioxide can be stored underground in geologic formations, or permanently bound into some abundant minerals via… more
Abstract:… deployment with solar energy will be completed. The application of the monitor to measurement of N2O isotopologues emitted into soil chambers will be shown. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: The proposed instrument would benefit soil scientists, climate … more
Abstract:…are employed in research settings. We will extend our initial clumped isotope work focusing on improved accuracy and the detection of multiple species (13CH3D and CH2D2). Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: This instrument is eagerly anticipated by leading climate … more
Abstract:… can exert an influence on the earths radiation budget comparable in magnitude with greenhouse gases. However, the uncertainties in the current understanding of aerosol direct and indirect forcing limit the ability to quantify human influences on climate … more
Abstract:The Climate Change Information System for Business and Industry (Climate Biz) will translate information derived from climate model simulations into industry-specific formats that will assist private sector executives and their firms to meet the challenge of… more
Abstract:Scientists are turning their focus to the Arctic, site of one of the strongest climate change signals. A new generation of technologies is required to function within that harsh environment, chart evolution of its trace gases and provide new kinds of… more
Abstract:… source emitters such as coal and natural-gas fired power plants is amine scrubbing. It is not clear that this single technology will be adequate, affordable, and environmentally sound at the scale required for significant mitigation of negative effects of climate … more
Abstract:… to some 3,000 species of birds, vertebrate, and invertebrate species all of which are dependent on the habitat and health of this rapidly declining ecosystem. Cheatgrass is also predicted to be the invasive grass species most likely to expand its range with climate … more
Abstract:Nuclear power is an important part of the Nations energy security providing 20 percent of U.S. electricity generation without the emission of gases associated with global climate change and air pollution. The DOE would like to improve and optimize the… more
Abstract:… will improve both U.S. and international seismic event monitoring, prediction, and understanding capability. Highly sensitive gravimeters are currently deployed to map the earth?s field anomaly for precision navigation, monitoring earth?s tides for evidence of climate… more
Abstract:… lead to distinctive isotope patterns. Measuring the isotopic signatures provide answers to fundamental questions on bio-productivity and energy cycling and give clues to the origin of life and evolution. Consequently, isotopic data hold keys to predicting future climate… more
Abstract:… the quantification and Monte-Carlo based propagation of uncertainty attached to estimates through exposure reconstruction. These tools will be suited for the analysis of data outside health sciences, such as in remote sensing, nuclear environmental engineering or climate … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project addresses the need for new widespread datasets to help reduce uncertainties in current predictions of climate change and to improve our understanding of the health impacts of air pollutants. The… more
Abstract:…0/job). DMC is a green organic solvent which has an extremely low toxicity and pollution potential. The increased use of DMC will be good for our environment protection and the increased production of DMC from CO2 will be good for slowing the global climate … more
Abstract:…ements can estimate dolphin age (a key aspect of understanding dolphin/marine ecosystem health) will be established. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project is in its potential for managing and dealing with changes in the ecosystem such as through climate … more
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