Abstract:…y and propensity for reacting. This research will demonstrate a new sensor platform for measuring the real-time activity of reactive surfaces in a continuous and non-destructive manner. Reactive surfaces are increasingly being used in products ranging from batteries and fuel … more
Abstract:…h as NOx and CO. These filters may also be combined with the catalytic converters as a single multifunctional unit to save space and weight on the automobile. Other potential applications of ceramic nanofibers with catalysts include hydrogen storage tanks and fuel … more
Abstract:In fuel cell systems, the bipolar plate is known to significantly impact the performance, durability, volume-to-weight ratio, and cost. This project will develop an innovative class of low-cost sheet molding compound (SMC) bipolar plates consisting of a thin… more
Abstract:… and anti-submarine missions). Achieving high power density at all levels will greatly enhance future UUV capabilities. In this SBIR project, NexTech Materials and its subcontractor (Plug Power) will design, develop and demonstrate a compact solid oxide fuel … more
Abstract:In this SBIR Phase I proposal (Topic OSD06-EP1), NexTech Materials, Ltd. will comparatively test anode materials sets for SOFCs for operation on sulfur-containing (200 ppmv H2S) fuels between 700-850,aC. Cell performance and stability will be characterized in both sulfur-containing hydrogen and… more
Abstract:This proposal directly supports development of alternative and renewable energy. Specifically,
this project involves development and demonstration of a simplified method for operating solid
oxide fuel cells directly on bio-ethanol. Renewable bio-fuels, such… more
Abstract:In order to improve the performance of a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC), this project will incorporate a nano-scale catalyst within the SOFC cathode. The innovation will allow improved, inexpensive and stable metals to be used for electrical interconnection… more
Abstract:In this SBIR Phase II proposal (Topic OSD06-EP1), NexTech Materials, Ltd. will seek further development of the solid oxide fuel cell anode materials that were explored in Phase I. In Phase II, NexTech will use the anode platform that was established in… more
Abstract:In this Phase I STTR program, NexTech Materials, Ltd. (NexTech) and the University of Florida (UF) will collaboratively demonstrate a Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) design and materials set tailored to provide military users with a rugged, compact power supply,… more
Abstract:Currently, the low activity, poor durability, and high cost of the cathode catalysts in Proton Exchange Membrane fuel cells and Direct Methanol fuel cells constitute some of the major barriers to the commercialization… more
Abstract:The proposal solicits funding for the development of a fuel processing component for the reforming of sulfur-laden JP-5 and other logistic fuels as part of an overall fuel cell energy system. Sulfur in such fuels will hinder the performance of reforming… more
Abstract:… both a problem and a necessity for the electric grid. However, reactive power occupies valuable capacity on the electric grid and can prevent loads from sourcing adequate real power, leading to brown-outs and black-outs. By using distributed energy resources (such as fuel… more
Abstract:Optomec's M3D technology will be utilized to fabricate functionally graded fuel cell structures, a methodology that could result in significant performance/weight improvements over existing designs. One of the main applications for the light-weight, high… more
Abstract:Compact, efficient, and sustainable electric power generators are needed to provide mobile electric power for deployable military bases. Fuel cells with fuel processors that run on logistic fuel are attractive candidates due to inherent efficiency,… more
Abstract:Fuel cell power systems that run on common, high-sulfur logistics fuel have the potential to meet future demands for distributed, shipboard power generation and generate power at forward deployed bases. A key practical problem with this technology is the… more
Abstract:To address the OSD need for a high density water recovery subsystem for advanced fuel cell systems (FCS), operating on logistic fuel without the need for phase change and with minimum purification equipment, Physical Optics Corporation (POC) proposes to… more
Abstract:… components to separate and clean the recovered water to high purity levels which add to the total complexity and cost of the system. This system will recover enough pure water from the raffinate stream so that, when combined with the pure water recovered from the fuel… more
Abstract:… being resistant to coking and fuel sulfur. Anticipated performance levels include high conversion efficiency with minimized pumping losses, 5000 hour durability, and overall low cost Â¿ consistent with meeting overall targets of
Abstract:Fuel cells operating on high sulfur logistics diesel fuel (NATO F-76, JP5, JP8) offer a viable means to provide distributed ship service and forward deployed base electrical power. However, a major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators by… more
Abstract:The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators and auxiliary power units (APUs) by deployed forces is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. Both Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM) fuel cells and the Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs)… more
Abstract:…t technology should provide US refiners with a cost-effective way to remove sulfur from refinery off-gases. The sorbent also can be applied to desulfurize any light hydrocarbon stream that is used as a feedstock for catalytic chemical conversion or as a feed for a fuel … more
Abstract:The U.S. needs reliable and clean energy sources for sustainable economic growth and a secure future. The DOE FutureGen project aims to convert coal to hydrogen that would be used as fuel for fuel cells and/or a gas turbine. To achieve this goal, and to support clean hydrogen… more
Abstract:Polymer Electrolyte Membrane (PEM) fuel cells require a relatively pure, concentrated hydrogen stream, with very low levels of sulfur and carbon monoxide (CO) in order to prevent poisoning of the fuel cell anode catalyst. In addition, removing inerts and… more
Abstract:…, COS, NH3 and HCl). Commercial Applications and Other Benefits as described by the awardee: The Pd alloy membranes should find use in the separation of hydrogen in hydrocarbon reforming, in the water-gas shift reaction, and in coal gasification for power generation in fuel… more
Abstract:… durability and reduced lifecycle maintenance for UPS systems. Currently, all widely-adopted power supply systems for UPS are lead acid batteries. Our proposed method opens a new way for UPS power supplying by taking advantage of the high energy content in zinc-air fuel… more
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