Abstract:… as CH2O (sugar) + H2O 2H2 + CO2 using CFB2. In this STTR I project, Cell-Free Bioinnovations Inc. will scale up enzymatic hydrogen production from a 2-mL bioreactor (current laboratory scale) to a 5-L bioreactor and integrate this process with a proton exchange membrane fuel… more
Abstract:… low. Broader opportunities to recover exhaust waste heat for transportation include medium- and heavy-duty vehicles, which may also be addressed by this scalable technology. Other adjacent markets include stationary and mobile generator sets, solid-oxide fuel cells, and… more
Abstract:… measurements in cryogenic liquids. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project serves diverse applications of cryogenic liquids, such as high-purity gas manufacture; cooling high-tech equipment, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI); hydrogen fuel … more
Abstract:… in the form of waste heat and pollution. Yet, no viable solution exists given the engineering challenges in manufacturability and cost. By overcoming the above, the proposed technology will address the critical need for increasing the energy-use efficiency of 1) fuel … more
Abstract:…. Portable electronics reduces the need to move materials or people between locations, thus reducing fuel consumption and attendant pollution. The TIM is likely to be useful for stationary heat transfer problems as well, such as solid state power supplies, fuel … more
Abstract:…tistical information on nanometer features averaged over large sample sizes, and has become extremely important in the development of novel thin film materials and manufacturing processes for advanced functional devices, including photovoltaics, batteries, and fuel… more
Abstract:… of extreme importance to measure the functioning of sub-micron structures and devices. In particular, such electrical measurements could support the development and manufacture of advanced energy related materials used in technologies such as photovoltaic cells, fuel… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: We propose a fuel cell / battery hybrid powered UAV, designed from the get go with electric power propulsion and controls. A unique fuel cell composed of a high temperature PEM with a JP8 reformer will provide cruise power and trickle charging to… more
Abstract:…g less energy than thermodynamically predicted. Reduction of electrochemical overpotentials in electrochemical systems has been the prime objective of physical electrochemistry. A number of alternative approaches exist to potentially activate the reactant entering a fuel … more
Abstract:The U.S. Military has a strong need for very high-energy density (>1000 WH/kg), light weight power sources for communications and other advanced electronic devices The possible solution is replacing the battery with proton exchange membrane (PEM) based hydrogen fuel … more
Abstract:…of the cost. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project will be related to more efficient forms of energy storage and usage. The strongest value proposition is for replacement of precious metals for use in air electrodes used in applications ranging from fuel … more
Abstract:… of energy. The technology developed and refined during the Phase II NSF SBIR program could have application to a wide range of other catalytic reactions as well. Potential applications include: lean burn diesel engine exhaust treatment,hydrocarbon reforming for fuel … more
Abstract:There currently is no effective, commercially available system for nanoscale probing and testing of battery and fuel cell materials in the low oxygen and humidity environments required for functional measurements. Such a probing system is critically needed… more
Abstract:The increased need for portable efficient power has led to the use of the fuel cell as a means of delivering that power. However, portable power also means the ability to utilize any available fuel as the situation would arise. A fuel reformer is needed… more
Abstract:The proposed SBIR Phase I program will develop an innovative fuel flexible reformer for a portable Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) power generation system used in the battlefields. The fuel reformer is non-catalytic and can operate with different fuels… more
Abstract:… commercial electronics cooling applications that require a tight temperature control and an isothermal cold plate, such as electronics in NASA Mars Exploration Rover WEB or NASA's Scientific Balloons. One of the commercial applications for VCHP heat exchangers are fuel… more
Abstract:Altex Technologies and the Pennsylvania State University propose the BioPure-FC biogas purification system, which is designed to purify biogas from landiflls and wastewater-treatement plants to levels compatible with fuel-cell systems. PSU's novel sorbents combined with… more
Abstract:… requires electrochemical storage to compensate the time lag between production and consumption. Our analytical technology will be also useful in many other fields where localized mapping is necessary, including rapid in-situ characterization of Solid Oxide Fuel … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase II project will continue the commercial development of the Liquid Tin Anode Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (LTA-SOFC) for direct conversion of biomass to electrical power. The LTA-SOFC is a transformational energy… more
Abstract:…tructurally orienting enzymes onto an electrode surface. The technology will significantly increase the electron transfer efficiency of the electrode and thereby enable a state-of-the-art energy source for low power military and commercial systems. The proposed enzymatic fuel… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Our objective is to develop advanced mediator architectures for efficient electron transfer in enzymatic fuel cells (EFCs) for low power systems. The proposed EFC will leverage ongoing research at both CFDRC and Michigan State University to provide… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Our objective is to develop an enzyme catalyzed fuel cell to enable electrochemical power generation from several fuel types (i.e. sugars and alcohols), thereby delivering a state-of-the-art energy source for low power military and commercial… more
Abstract:Solid-state fuel cells operating at intermediate temperatures of 200300 degrees C are attractive energy conversion devices because they combine many advantages of high- and low-temperature fuel cells, i.e., high durability to CO poisoning, simplified water… more
Abstract:This small Business Innovation Research Phase² project proposes the research of advanced Bio-cathode Microbial Fuel Cell (BcMFC). Microbial Fuel Cell (MFC) generates power from renewable energy sources. However, the… more
Abstract:Enzymatic fuel cells provide significant potential for increased energy density with low costs through the use of renewable fuel sources and biocatalysts. Their real-world application is primarily limited by 1) the lack of effective enzyme immobilization… more
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