Abstract:This project targets improved efficiency and lower cost of proton exchange membrane fuel cells through the development of improved water vapor management. Fuel cells are highly efficient, non-polluting source of energy that can significantly decrease the US… more
Abstract:… (BOPP) at higher temperatures. While this need for such materials to improve the performance of high energy capacitors is well documented for pulse power applications such as the rail gun and reactive armor in military applications, civilian applications in electric and fuel… more
Abstract:Fuel cells offer one of the best available solutions to decrease our nations dependence of foreign oil, reduce carbon dioxide emissions, and provide reliable electricity. Methanol steam reforming (MSR) is used to generate hydrogen for fuel cells. The reaction… more
Abstract:… for future and existing TXM systems by Xradia Inc. Stanford Accelerator Laboratory (SLAC) developed an x-ray microscopy facility, based on an Xradia Inc. Transmission X-ray Microscope (TXM), used by a growing community for research in the areas of energy (battery, fuel … more
Abstract:… on a wide variety of fuels, including traditional sulfur-containing military fuels, such as JP-8, JP-5, diesel, gasoline, and LPG, and biofuels, such as biodiesel, ethanol, and methanol. Approaches to integrating the reformer with 0.3 to 3 kW solid oxide fuel … more
Abstract:Development of a regenerative fuel cell/electrolyzer is proposed. GES will size two of their advanced technologies; a high-pressure electrolyzer that can directly fill hydrogen and oxygen storage vessels up to 3000 psi; and a dead-ended fuel cell that can use… more
Abstract:… (FAFS) has the potential to reduce sintering temperatures and processing times, thereby leading to a substantial reduction in cost. Equally as important, the reduced processing temperatures will improve the performance of heat exchangers and solid-oxide fuel … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will develop high-power and high-energy-density enzymatic fuel cells (EFCs) that can completely oxidize low-cost maltodextrin (i.e., a partially hydrolyzed starch fragment). EFCs have received increasing… more
Abstract:… systems, acceleration and regenerative braking of hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), and uninterruptible power supplies. Supercapacitors offer a combination of energy and power that complements other electrochemical storage and conversion devices, including batteries and fuel… more
Abstract:… vessel industry standard Toray T700 carbon fiber costing between $20 and $50 per kilogram alone. At this high price, the carbon fiber currently comprises as much as 75% of the overall tank cost and is a major roadblock on the path to commercialization. To make hydrogen fuel… more
Abstract:The lack of a functional sealing system to isolate various components of a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) remains today as one of the biggest factors inhibiting widespread use of SOFCs. Two criteria severely limit the use of inorganic, non-metallic sealing… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will determine the feasibility of operating innovative metal-supported SOFCs (solid oxide fuel cells) on direct natural gas fuel at high efficiency and without excessive carbon deposition. SOFCs… more
Abstract:… is consumed, helping companies meet stricter emission standards -- most notably the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFÉ) standards which impose high financial penalties for non-compliance. Other adjacent markets include stationary power generation, solid-oxide fuel … more
Abstract:…. The C-TEC directly generates electricity from heat using a thermally regenerated concentration gradient across an electrolyte membrane, rather than a thermal gradient across a semiconductor material, which offers the potential for high efficiency like a fuel … more
Abstract:…th system components for the MPGS. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project is to provide a viable alternative to batteries for portable power in the 10 W to 100 W range. The proposed MPGS has the potential to overcome many limitations of batteries and fuel … more
Abstract:… highly energy efficient removal of CO2 (and other gases) from flue gases and natural gas, enabling the economical production of clean energy using conventional fuels while minimizing additional costs to the public. Additional applications of these membranes may include fuel… more
Abstract:… temperature thermal expansion, can be minimized. The process is sufficiently rapid for direct coupling with most coating and material printing processes, hence it has potential for use in high volume commercial applications such as heat exchangers, solid oxide fuel … more
Abstract:This proposal addresses the Army's need for high-energy density, lightweight power sources for the dismounted warrior. The project proposes directly integrating a propane fuel reformer with the state of the art in solid acid fuel cell (SAFC) stacks to… more
Abstract:… applications for which largearea economical photon detection will be transformational. Success of this program has the potential to impact many other applications where ALD is used to coat extremely high surface area materials in technology areas such as: catalysis, fuel … more
Abstract:… mission, extremely high specific energy power sources, with specific energy over 2000 Wh/kg, are urgently sought after. Such battery can be used to power the mobile oxygen concentrators. Current primary lithium batteries, such as Li/SO2 system, Li/CFx system, and fuel … more
Abstract:The Millitary has a strong need for very high-energy density (>1000 WH/kg), light weight power sources for communications and other advanced electronic devices The possible solution is replacing the battery with proton exchange membrane (PEM) based hydrogen fuel … more
Abstract:… wear characteristics. A better understanding of materials results in more efficient use of those materials: more effective materials usage in automobile manufacture, more capable semiconductor devices for the IT revolution, and more efficient catalysts for fuel … more
Abstract:During Phase 1 API Engineering LLC demonstrated feasibility of an oxygen source for UUV solid oxide fuel cell power systems using an aqueous chlorate solution for its oxygen storage composition. Twenty subscale breadboard laboratory decomposition tests plus… more
Abstract:There is worldwide interest in the commercialization of energy efficient, environmentally friendly, hydrogen fuel cell powered vehicles and devices. One of the key challenges in transitioning fuel cell technology to the… more
Abstract:… & apos; the carbon in the fuel, the demand for petroleum can be reduced and our dependence on foreign oil limited. Syngas is also used to make liquid fuels, alcohols and other chemicals that can be reformed to make commercial products, e.g., plastics. High-temperature fuel… more
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