Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will lead to the development of a new class of liquid crystal (LC)-based direct-read monitors (DRMs) for detection of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) present in air at construction sites. The approach to development of DRMs… more
Abstract:… diseases mediated by ROS such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer'sdisease. To overcome these limitations, we propose to investigate new spin probes based upon paramagnetic atoms encapsulated in fullerene cages. Atoms containing unpaired electrons, such as atomic nitrogen… more
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project will examine methods to make maps of magnetic fields with both high spatial resolution and high sensitivity. The sensing element will be an NV doped diamond. Magnetic fields will be measured by electron spin resonance. The Phase I work will show that diffraction limited… more
Abstract:Hypergolic fuels such as monomethylhydrazine, and oxidizers such as nitrogen tetroxide are attractive for use in divert and attitude control systems (DACS) for variety of reasons. However, due to their toxicity, corrosivity, carcinogenicity, and flammability, hypergolic fuels… more
Abstract:… blocks provide both the thermal conductivity required for rapid thermal conduction, as well as the thermal energy storage (with the polymer). In the Phase I work, we would compare the performance of the composite blocks introduced here to that of solid nitrogen, emphasizing… more
Abstract:… a 244 nm UV frequency quadrupled optically pumped semiconductor laser (FQ-OPSL). The laser will provide a self-contained small footprint (<1 cu. ft.) compared to commercially available Ar ion or Kr ion laser which required an external water chiller, nitrogen purges, and… more
Abstract:…ective dispensing of the adhesive on the nutplate base. The PASN tool uses a sachet with predefined amount of adhesive and an injector guide to mitigate the risk of foreign object debris. The PASN tool is compatible with the current approach of placing nutplates in a … more
Abstract:… initiation of field testing. Upon Phase II completion, Cambrian will be prepared for final development and testing of a first-generation nitrate sensor system in a Phase IIB project. The broader impact/commercial potential of this project addresses environmental nitrogen… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project focuses on the development of a proof-of-concept ultra-portable nitrogen dioxide (NO2) sensor based on mid-infrared quantum cascade laser (QCL) spectroscopy. NO2 is a critical air pollutant which can trigger… more
Abstract:… and concentrate ammonia from the air flow. Ammonia is periodically released from the adsorbent bed and is processed with PSI's patented microwave plasma torch technology which is capable of efficiently heating ammonia in air, to convert the ammonia into nitrogen and… more
Abstract:… by the electric arc process using water, air, and cheap hydroelectric power. Because this electric arc process was extremely inefficient, by the 1930s the process was replaced by the Haber-Bosch ammonia process which utilizes natural gas to manufacture nitrogen fertilizer… more
Abstract:… variety of technologies for micro energy systems, including ultra micro turbines, air bearings, and micromachined heat exchangers. FmC has most recently combined these into a 5 Kilowatt Rankine cycle waste heat recovery system for anon-farm electricity to nitrogen fertilizer… more
Abstract:In this program, we will develop and prototype a new Super-Resolution Magnetic Field Microscopy (SRMFM) system that employs nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond nanostructures to image magnetic fields with a sensitivity below 100nT/ & #8730;Hz and a spatial resolution… more
Abstract:Ensembles of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamond allow the detection of weak magnetic fields under ambient conditions, with wide-ranging applications in the physical and life sciences. We have previously demonstrated high-sensitivity and high-resolution NV-diamond magnetic… more
Abstract:…nt biopolymer and seafood industry waste product. Chitosan is a biodegradable polyglucosamine polymer that requires depyrogenation before implantation in humans. Our goal is to meet the need for a cost-effective endourologic resorbable hemostat by innovative nitrogen plasma… more
Abstract:… of protein and virus crystals for X-ray cryocrystallography. X-ray crystallography is themost powerful and widely used tool for determining the molecular structure of proteins, viruses, nucleic acids and biomolecular complexes. Flash-cooling crystals in liquid nitrogen and… more
Abstract:… are needed to vitrify a water-glycerol solution that is tolerable for ALL CPA species concentrations. All existing methods purport to achieve such high speeds, but many have not in fact done so, mainly due to the Leidenfrost effect (LFE) - where a boiling nitrogen vapor coat… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project aims at developing laser photoacoustic spectroscopy (LPAS) sensor for continuous, real-time measurements of hazardous air pollutants (HAPs), and other air pollutants such as Carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and sulfur… more
Abstract:… to insect and pathogens. There will also be a reduction in the potential for catastrophic forest fires. Overall, the nation's health and environment will be improved by a reduction in coal-fired power plant emissions of carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen… more
Abstract:… for PE and PP, which will be used as a model system for waste plastic pyrolysis. We will first demonstrate, using our pyrolytic model, that the hydrocarbon product distribution can be modified and tailored by varying the reactor and condenser temperatures, nitrogen gas flow… more
Abstract:… in dedicated measurement campaigns and at remote clean air monitoring stations. Commercial Applications and Other Benefits: The proposed instrument will provide the capability to measure atmospheric abundances of HNO3 in real time in order to better assess nitrogen oxide… more
Abstract:… As such, in our recently completed SBIR Phase I study, we investigated a small-molecule modulator of tumor necrosisfactor alpha (TNF-a), UTL-5g, as a leading chemoprotective agent. Based on this SBIR Phase I study, UTL-5g has been shown to reduce levels of blood urea nitrogen… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is a functional imaging technique with the potential to quantify the rates of biological processes in vivo. The availability of short-lived positron-emitting isotopes of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and… more
Abstract:… sensors, and humidity sensors under NASA SBIR and STTR funding. The proposed hypergolic fuel sensors will use SAW devices combined with chemically selective film elements to explore the possibility of producing sensitive hydrazine (HZ, MMH, and DMH), and nitrogen tetroxide… more
Abstract:… these properties of the ILE were even better at cryogenic temperatures because of the low crystallinity inherent in the polymer as a consequence of the chemical nature of ionic liquids.In this Phase I effort, a battery of tests will be carried out at room and liquid nitrogen… more
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