Abstract:The operation of solid oxide fuel cells at temperatures of 650-850 °C has made it possible to replace the ceramic interconnects in fuel cell stacks with metallic interconnects comprised of chromia-forming ferritic… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will utilize direct-methane SOFCs to produce syngas by reacting methane with oxygen using electrochemical partial oxidation (EPOx). Syngas is a precursor for hydrogen and synthetic liquid chemicals/fuels including methanol and various… more
Abstract:… that will be used in the proposed process will be made from agricultural and forestry residuals, such as wood sawdust, through the fast pyrolysis process. In Phase I, a conceptual system design was developed to demonstrate that an integrated reformer and solid … more
Abstract:The United States is the second largest producer and also the largest importer of natural gas in the world. The increasing price of natural gas along with a decreasing domestic supply presents an opportunity to develop low-cost replacements for natural gas. Thermo-chemical production of Synthetic… more
Abstract:Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) offer significant benefits to the Navy/DoD including high efficiencies, quiet operation, reduced emissions, and fuel flexibility. Despite their benefits, current SOFCs are restricted to… more
Abstract:… in the market adoption of hydrogen-based vehicles. This project will investigate the development of such a system for the tri-generation of hydrogen, electricity, and heat. The tri-generation system will utilize solid oxide fuel-assisted electrolysis cells and solid … more
Abstract:In planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), separation of the anode and cathode side gases are achieved by hermetic seals. These seals may be rigid, compressive, or compliant. However, the design of improved sealing… more
Abstract:Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) will play a key role in a highly efficient, near-zero-emission coal-based power generation system. To achieve the target system efficiency, SOFC anodes must be able to tolerate or… more
Abstract:In this proposed SBIR project, NexTech Materials will determine feasibility of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) for large-scale (100+ kW) power generation from military logistic fuels. In Phase I, a conceptual design for a fuel cell power… more
Abstract:Due to the threat of global warming, and the economic need for energy independence, the Department of Energy is seeking alternative means of energy production. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) offer a route for more… more
Abstract:Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) combine fuel and air electrochemically to produce clean, high quality electric power and offer significantly reduced fuel consumption rates relative to heavy fuel engines or diesel power… more
Abstract:The proposed technology will reduce the size and weight of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) power systems for unmanned air vehicle and munition (UAV) applications thus making future UAVs lighter and more fuel efficient. In… more
Abstract:Large multi-megawatt-size Integrated Gasification Fuel Cell power plants based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells are being developed and planned for the near future. The efficiency of these plants can be improved by recycling part of the high… more
Abstract:The proposal would provide the design and basic product development work to augment the power generation efficiency of fuel cells developed by Acumentrics Corp. by converting waste heat into electricity by highly efficient thermoelectric (TE) power generation. Three paths will be explored in Phase I… more
Abstract:Gas separation devices are needed in a variety of advanced energy systems (e.g., high-temperature solid oxide fuel cells). For such devices, a reliable sealing technology is needed to enable the hermetical joining of… more
Abstract:The objective of this work is to develop a compact, robust process that reduces the sulfur content of jet fuel to less than 10 ppm prior to its reformation and use in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) fuel cell. The… more
Abstract:The proposed Person-Portable Oxidative-Desulfurization System (PPODS) will enable the use of small solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) to produce 2 kW of electrical power from JP-8 by reducing the sulfur concentration in JP-8 fed to the SOFC… more
Abstract:… facing the electric power industry. Direct carbon fuel cells represent a breakthrough technology with the potential to increase generation efficiency and reduce the CO2 footprint of coal power plants. One such direct carbon fuel cell, the Liquid-Tin-Anode (LTA) solid … more
Abstract:… a non-food biomass-based power plant, in which the bio-oil is made from agricultural and forestry residuals (such as wood saw dust) through the fast pyrolysis process. In this approach, a proprietary steam reforming process and catalysts are combined with a solid … more
Abstract:The overall objective of the Phase II effort is to demonstrate a solid oxide fuel cell stack to power unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs). We will use established and proven solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology… more
Abstract:The objective of this proposal is to demonstrate the feasibility of producing a hybrid thermoelectric (TE) - solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) portable generator to achieve high conversion efficiency by applying the… more
Abstract:…eum refineries application. The hydrogen generation system involves the development of a viable means for converting the chemical energy of petcoke to hydrogen at a low cost and high efficiency. The approach involves the development and construction of tubular solid … more
Abstract:In planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) modules, separation of anode and cathode side gases are achieved by hermetic seals. These seals may be rigid, compressive, or compliant. However, the design of improved sealing… more
Abstract:During Phase I of NexTech's project with ONR, NexTech developed a system concept based on its proprietary solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology capable of meeting the Navy's energy density requirements for… more
Abstract:Long-endurance unmanned vehicle (UV) and munition systems require lightweight, compact, and efficient power systems. Advanced fuel cells are promising technologies that can be used for both primary propulsion and auxiliary power units for these applications. A lightweight, high temperature,… more
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