Abstract:Solid oxide fuel cells and electrolyzers are promising electrochemical devices for space and terrestrial applications due to their high power densities and clean operation. Furthermore, proton-conducting oxides have… more
Abstract:At the completion of all the phases of SBIR topic N101-033, Highly Integrated Highly Efficient Fuel Reformer/Fuel Cell System, Adaptive Materials will provide a highly integrated, highly efficient Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) system that… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will expand the knowledge of high-temperature material formulations for 3-D printing, rapid prototyping, and rapid manufacturing. Significant amounts of energy can be saved in systems such as solid … more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will develop a Liquid Tin Anode Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (LTA-SOFC) to generate energy from biomass. The LTA-SOFC is an advanced fuel cell that has improved efficiency of directly generating… more
Abstract:A number of sensors and control systems have been developed for use within power systems; however the effects of high temperature, corrosive/oxidizing atmospheres, and abrasive media have limited their use in gas turbine engines, boilers, solid oxide … more
Abstract:In this project NexTech Materials, Ltd. will design and demonstrate a 10-kW solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system that can operate on JP 5 diesel fuel. The system will be designed to meet critical Navy needs for unmanned… more
Abstract:…. These studies have been broad in scope; however, with limited depth on any particular stack technology and lacking a detailed analysis of viable component fabrication methods and equipment options. Manufacturing cost analysis will be performed for scale-up of planar solid… more
Abstract:Due to the threat of global warming, and the economic need for energy independence, the United States Department of Energy is developing alternative means of energy production. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells offer a route for… more
Abstract:The major drawback to the use of fuel cells as electric generators and auxiliary power units (APUs) by deployed forces is their inability to directly use battlefield fuels. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) require a clean… more
Abstract:The majority of the unmanned undersea vehicles (UUVs) run on batteries. However, extended missions (or high-power, short-duration missions) require a much higher energy density than can be stored in batteries. Fuel cells, such as the Solid Oxide … more
Abstract:The U.S. needs reliable and clean energy sources for sustainable economic growth and a secure future. Currently 40% of U.S. power is produced from pulverizied coal-fired boilers. Power generation systems based on solid oxide fuel … more
Abstract:Development of a novel logistic fuel reformer that has excellent tolerance to sulfur and is resistant to coke formation is proposed. The reformer will produce a hydrogen-rich product that contains less than 1 ppm sulfur and is suitable for use with solid … more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will demonstrate the feasibility of designing engineered mesoporous zirconia films for intermediate temperature (600ýýC) solid-oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs) with the aim of extending… more
Abstract:CellTech Power will continue the development of the Liquid Tin Anode Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (LTA-SOFC) operating directly on JP-8. In this program, a 125 Watt Direct JP-8 stack will be built using CellTech's proven Gen… more
Abstract:…ogy for directly converting coal to power while producing a pure CO2 stream would preserve coal¿s place in the U.S. power generation mix and enhance energy security. This project will develop a direct coal-power-generation concept by using the Liquid Tin Anode Solid … more
Abstract:Because of relatively poor kinetics, fuel cell performance is generally limited by oxygen reduction, irrespective of temperature. Although Cermet and perovskite materials have dominated oxygen reduction electro-catalysis in solid oxide … more
Abstract:… will be coal companies, process technology companies, electric and gas utilities, and individual consumers. The increased heating value of syngas via enhanced methane content would be of importance in Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) systems utilizing solid… more
Abstract:… equipped with solid-oxide fuel cells offer great potential for increasing the efficiency of next generation power plants. However, synthesis gas produced by gasification of coal is contaminated with arsenic and phosphorus that will poison the nickel catalysts in solid-oxide… more
Abstract:The operation of solid oxide fuel cells at temperatures of 650-850 °C has made it possible to replace the ceramic interconnects in fuel cell stacks with metallic interconnects comprised of chromia-forming ferritic… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Phase I project will utilize direct-methane SOFCs to produce syngas by reacting methane with oxygen using electrochemical partial oxidation (EPOx). Syngas is a precursor for hydrogen and synthetic liquid chemicals/fuels including methanol and various… more
Abstract:… that will be used in the proposed process will be made from agricultural and forestry residuals, such as wood sawdust, through the fast pyrolysis process. In Phase I, a conceptual system design was developed to demonstrate that an integrated reformer and solid … more
Abstract:The United States is the second largest producer and also the largest importer of natural gas in the world. The increasing price of natural gas along with a decreasing domestic supply presents an opportunity to develop low-cost replacements for natural gas. Thermo-chemical production of Synthetic… more
Abstract:Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) offer significant benefits to the Navy/DoD including high efficiencies, quiet operation, reduced emissions, and fuel flexibility. Despite their benefits, current SOFCs are restricted to… more
Abstract:… in the market adoption of hydrogen-based vehicles. This project will investigate the development of such a system for the tri-generation of hydrogen, electricity, and heat. The tri-generation system will utilize solid oxide fuel-assisted electrolysis cells and solid … more
Abstract:In planar Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), separation of the anode and cathode side gases are achieved by hermetic seals. These seals may be rigid, compressive, or compliant. However, the design of improved sealing… more
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