Abstract:Problem statement: For low cost manufacturing of high efficiency solar cells and solar modules, manufacturers are ever looking for effective tools to measure the problematic defects and performance variations in their critical processes. Approach to addressing the problem: The light, or laser, beam… more
Abstract:Conventional lighting systems for corridors and other public spaces in hospitals, long-term care facilities, progressive- care living centers, residential units for seniors, dormitories, and prisons often operate at full power throughout the night using white light sources such as fluorescent lamps.… more
Abstract:With the promise of low cost and high capacity, silicon-based materials have emerged as the anode of the future for lithium ion batteries. Commercial success has been hindered by limited cycle life, expensive precursors and non-scalable processes. The overall approach will use low- cost microsilicon… more
Abstract:The increase in the ability of a wave energy converter (WEC) to capture energy from waves is critical to ensuring the viability and cost effectiveness of wave energy power devices. WECs absorb wave power by applying a back force to oppose the forces that waves exert on the system. The back force is… more
Abstract:The DOE is evaluating deep borehole disposal of nuclear waste, where waste packages are emplaced in the lower sections of holes drilled 3 to 5 km deep in crystalline rock. A variety of plug and backfill materials are placed in the boreholes above the waste packages as structural and sealing members… more
Abstract:The current hydrothermal power generation is about 1/2% of total US electricity demand, which is small compared to the potential geothermal power that could be developed using Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS). EGS depends on creating or enhancing a geothermal reservoir by well stimulation in a hot… more
Abstract:Conventional water wells use well logging cameras to inspect the well. Today, geothermal wells must be cooled before video inspection. Cooling the well by pumping cold water into the well is expensive and damaging to the well. The well casing undergoes extreme changes in stress when the well is… more
Abstract:This SBIR project will focus on producing novel, tunable dielectric materials that are expected to produce significantly improved high temperature capacitors for a number of DC- link, hybrid vehicle, and pulse and power electronic applications. There are a number of… more
Abstract:Incremental improvements and cost reduction efforts are perpetually underway to allow the vehicular battery industry to meet and exceed the energy, power and lifecycle targets set forth by the USABC. Higher capacity layered-type electrode powders are being produced to reduce the $/kWh metric,… more
Abstract:This is a proposal for the development of a geothermal-solar thermal pilot plant to be built on the Oregon Institute of Technology campus, a solar thermal array supplementing the geothermal power facilities. The recent award to ENEL for a geothermal-solar PV hybrid system had come to my attention… more
Abstract:Biomass is an attractive energy source because it is renewable and it is more evenly distributed over the earth & apos;s surface than fossil fuel energy sources. Combustion of biomass emits less net carbon dioxide (CO2) to the environment than fossil fuels because biomass crops remove carbon… more
Abstract:Industrial cell and module tester for silicon solar cells have converged on a conventional model in which an IV curve is swept during a constant-intensity flashlamp pulse. This scheme has many technical and cost drawbacks. Sinton Instruments has invented techniques that could radically change next-… more
Abstract:There are over 350 thousand contaminated sites in the US which will require cleanup by both government and private industry in the next twenty years. The total cost of this environmental site cleanup is estimated to be in the hundreds of billions of dollars. Amongst federal agencies the Department… more
Abstract:In the 21st century society will need to address and resolve a large number of subsurface challenges related to energy and environmental issues. These challenges include contaminant cleanup and long term site management at contaminated sites, long term storage of nuclear fuel, carbon cycling and… more
Abstract:Controlling emissions and increasing efficiencies are essential requirements in future advanced power plants. Herein, next generation power systems require greater flexibility in their operations for meeting the higher efficiency and lower emissions conditions that are geared toward meeting consumer… more
Abstract:PROJECT SUMMARY: The purpose of the proposed Phase I R & amp;D project is to perform engineering designs and analyses for three closely-related system improvements that can be implemented in a Phase II demonstration of a modular Distributed
CSP with Storage system at the 100kW scale with… more
Abstract:Avogy has a unique approach to producing vertical GaN-on-GaN power devices that have fundamental advantages over silicon, silicon carbide, and lateral GaN devices. With this SBIR funding, we will demonstrate the feasibility of a normally-off vertical GaN transistor with a blocking voltage over 5000V… more
Abstract:Alphacore Inc. will design a monolithic multichannel readout integrated circuit (ROIC) that combines low-noise preamplifiers and fast shaping amplifiers with low-power 200MS/s flash analog to digital converters (ADCs). Such monolithic ROIC is currently not available and it is critically needed to… more
Abstract:Strontium Iodide (SrI2) is a promising scintillator for detection of gamma radiation with applications in homeland security. The goal of this program is to investigate solid solution hardening of SrI2 by aliovalent doping. Fracture of SrI2, as well as most other scintillators with high light… more
Abstract:Theory-based kinetic (Fokker-Planck) codes that calculate distribution functions of charged particles in fusion plasmas, including an accurate collision model and heating sources, are essential computational tools for the theoretical interpretation of existing fusion energy plasma experiments, and… more
Abstract:A novel approach of using very high precision electron guns in gyrotrons would allow for a substantial improvement in gyrotron efficiency and performance. Electron beam guns are one of the key components of microwave tube devices such as gyrotrons. At frequencies of 170 GHz as required for the ITER… more
Abstract:Observing solid-liquid interfaces with high resolution is important for comprehension of physical, chemical and biological interactions between material and fluid. A more detailed knowledge of these interactions can substantially improve our understanding of the processes that occur during … more
Abstract:This SBIR Phase I project will develop a microfluidic in-situ TEM specimen holder with accurate environmental parameter monitoring capabilities; The inability to dynamically image materials at atomic resolutions in changing liquid environments is a significant impediment to the advancement of… more
Abstract:The inability to dynamically image solid-state materials at atomic resolutions and perform spectroscopy at the same time in changing liquid and gas environments is a significant impediment to the advance of multiple areas of science. Recently Hummingbird Scientific has developed commercially viable… more
Abstract:Grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) has been undergoing a revolution recently as a result of the strong emphasis in materials science on surface patterning and thin film structures. This technique is presently the only one available which provides statistical information on… more
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