Abstract:ABSTRACT: nLIGHT proposes the development of of an all-fiber, master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA) configuration that will meet the Air Force requirements for a 10 mJ, 300 ns pulsed laser source. With the exception of the output power amplifier fiber, this device will be based on commercial… more
Abstract:Based on the promising results obtained under Navy Phase I SBIR funding, nLight proposes a Phase II continuation toward the development of fiber-coupled high power and high efficiency diode laser pumps around 975 nm that operate at high ambient temperatures. Under the Phase I SBIR base program,… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The objective of this project is to develop sophisticated, graphical user interface driven software tools built on fully microscopic physics to design, guide and provide feedback on growth, fabrication and evaluation of semiconductor structures that provide optical gain in the critical 2… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): In this Phase I we will develop and evaluate the first unit of an online serious game for foster and primary parents of neglected children. The goal of the training is to learn how parents in these two historically compartmentalized roles can improve their… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: The objective of this proposal is to achieve an operational capability to produce daily forecasts of the extended extreme ultraviolet solar spectral irradiance (XUV/EUV/FUV SSI, hereafter EUV SSI) by delivering quantitative expectations of the EUV SSI at high-spectral resolution for every… more
Abstract:UHF radars at high latitude observe significant perturbations in measurements of amplitude, phase, range, and Doppler, caused by ionospheric disturbances. Without mitigation of these effects, there is no doubt that the natural ionosphere is a major issue in the performance of the important radar… more
Abstract:Many activities and technological systems prevalent in today’s society – air traffic control and air travel, the power grids, communications, deep-water drilling operations, human spaceflight – are vulnerable to the effects of sudden flares from our Sun. Because the propagation speed for… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Coordinate Registration (CR) of OTHR targets requires accurate real-time ionospheric modeling coupled with HF propagation calculations to convert radar-measured target signal delays and beam steers to geographical position. Our team is the developer of one of the most sophisticated… more
Abstract:This proposed study intends to develop a model and prototype of a flapping winged vehicle through the incorporation of elastic components. This will allow the manufacture of such vehicles with greatly enhanced flight duration and agility. Work will include the design, prototyping, and testing of… more
Abstract:Minimization of blade tip clearance in the high pressure turbine and high pressure compressor is very important for turbine efficiency, reduction of emissions, and lower rotor inlet temperature which extends the service life of the engine. This can result in increased payload, extension of mission… more
Abstract:A number of unique non-destructive testing techniques and fundamental research studies are enabled by the modern bright pulsed neutron sources. In addition to all the methods previously developed at continuous neutron sources the pulsed structure of neutron beam enables a number of novel… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria (PNH) is an orphan disease characterized by severe anemia, kidney and liver failure, and ultimately death, if left untreated. In 2007, FDA approved the first complement inhibitor, Eculizumab (Soliris(R)), for the treatment of… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Complement system play a role in preventing inflammation and joint immobility. Osteoarthritis (OA), an inflammatory disease of the joints, is quite prevalent among the elderly and causes disability in nearly 10% of thepopulation over 55 years. Current… more
Abstract:DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall goal of this project is to discover novel antibiotics to combat important drug-resistant pathogens. We are running out of treatment options for pathogens such as S. aureus MRSA, vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE), multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase I project will develop a new platform technology to exploit previously inaccessible microbial diversity to discover novel broad-spectrum antibiotics. The project focuses on symbioses between marine invertebrates and microorganisms known to be rich… more
Abstract:Detecting light at the single photon level is a fundamental measurement function that is useful in a wide variety of applications, including such diverse fields as quantum communications, laser ranging, and biological spectroscopy. Avalanche photodiode based single-photon detectors are convenient… more
Abstract:U.S. intelligence, reconnaissance, and surveillance (ISR) platforms employ SIGINT sensors for target platform detection, identification and location. Many receivers are narrowband and are scanned over the RF spectrum (e.g., 2-18 GHz) in search of RF emitters of interest. With the rapid proliferation… more
Abstract:Nonlinear manifold learning is an active area of mathematical research. Unfortunately, the extant literature has far less to offer on the problem of interactive nonlinear manifold learning. In other words, satisfactory nonlinear manifold learning approaches that put the''human in the… more
Abstract:A goal of Uncertainty Quantification (UQ) is to use computer simulation of complex systems to make scientifically informed assessments for high-consequence decisions. Because end-to-end empirical data is difficult to obtain for the Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS), computer simulation… more
Abstract:The US Navy uses manned and unmanned airborne platforms for ISR missions in challenging littoral environments with non-segregated airspace, restricted operating regions, and sensor occlusions, while tracking and classifying potentially hundreds of targets. In this Phase I effort, we propose to… more
Abstract:Department of Defense (DoD) operations are supported by a global network of computers, sensors, and equipment that is continually at risk of being breached by adversaries. Despite heavy investments in security and cyber defense, the ubiquity and interconnectedness of DoD equipment leave open the… more
Abstract:For Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) to operate seamlessly in both the U.S. National Airspace System (NAS) and abroad, it will be crucial that they possess a sense-and-avoid (SAA) capability that can ensure safe operations among maneuvering, non-cooperative aircraft. Numerica Corporation, in… more
Abstract:Emerging infrared (IR) sensor assets will play a crucial role in creating a robust and flexible Ballistic Missile Defense System (BMDS) because they are more easily deployed in forward-based and/or space-based environments, providing coverage of threats beyond the range of terrestrial sensors, and… more
Abstract:This Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR) Phase I project will develop algorithms and prototype software to track and quantify forces experienced by single-biomolecules in living cells. The approach is built on recent advances in time series analysis to: (1) fit 2-D/3-D stochastic… more
Abstract:ABSTRACT: Current and projected limitations on the maximum power from a high power single mode fiber laser amplifier impose architectural limitations on a high power phased array laser weapon system. Prior studies strongly indicate that when faced with this limitation the optimal approach is (to… more
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