Abstract:Audentia, Inc., proposes to develop and demonstrate a sensitive nonlinear laser wave mixing-based detector that offers standoff detection of explosive chemicals in their native states at ambient temperature and pressure using a compact rugged solid-state laser-based design. The wave-mixing signal… more
Abstract:Critical to determining the success of an EGS well is the measurement of the flow distribution along the open-hole length of that well. Knowledge of not only the depth but the spacing of intersected fractures is required in order to determine the sweep efficiency of fluids flowing through the… more
Abstract:Montana Emergent Technologies, Inc., (MET) in conjunction with the Center for Biofilm Engineering at Montana State University, proposes to investigate the feasibility of using biomineralization-based technology to seal unwanted leakage pathways relative to carbon dioxide stored in deep geologic… more
Abstract:There is a need to increase the beam intensity of particle accelerators based on superconducting RF cavities, but detrimental Higher Order Modes (HOMs) generate inside the cavities. HOMs excite the beam and lead to instabilities and particle losses. HOM dampers absorb this RF power and are critical… more
Abstract:The single most critical value in any terrestrial carbon (C) sequestration budget is the net primary production. The biggest unknown in determining C sequestration is the allocation, production, respiration, mortality and decomposition of soil organisms. We developed and are refining a new… more
Abstract:The ultimate goal of the project is to demonstrate that the rotating liner engine (RLE) can increase fuel efficiency in heavy duty vehicles by about 3.5-4% at full load, about 25% at idle, and about 10% for an average duty cycle, can reduce CO2, NOx and PM and reduce engine wear. Design already… more
Abstract:Residential and commercial buildings represent a prime opportunity to improve energy efficiency and sustainability worldwide. Currently, lighting and thermal management within buildings account for 20% of the United States yearly energy consumption. The objective of this Small Business Technology… more
Abstract:Environmental pollutants that impact critical biological pathways involved in human development and physiology can have unpredictable effect on health. Among these critical pathways, various receptor tyrosine kinases, sonic hedgehog, transforming growth factor beta, Notch and WNT are known or… more
Abstract:Onsite wastewater systems are a significant source of nutrient loading to the environment and there is a demand for technologies that remove nutrients at the source. Most desired are passive, low cost systems that can consistently remove ninety percent or greater nitrogen while having low energy… more
Abstract:A team of EP Purification and the University of Illinois engineer and chemists is pursuing the commercialization of low cost microchannel plasma modules capable of efficiently producing ozone for water treatment. The conservation of water resources for human consumption is a growing national… more
Abstract:The environmental impact of wood coatings has become a pressing issue as the manufacturing of wooden products such as flooring, cabinetry, furniture and doors is moving back to the United States amidst rising labor costs overseas. For the last thirty years the bulk of these products have been… more
Abstract:Problem Statement: The worldwide manufacture and use of Portland cement for use in concrete accounts for roughly 5% of global CO2 emissions. A common practice in the production of Portland cement concrete (PCC) to reduce CO2 emissions levels is the partial substitution of cement with supplementary… more
Abstract:There are approximately 7,000 flares in operation at industrial facilities across the U.S. Flares are one of the largest Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC) and air toxics emissions sources. Based on a special emission inventory required by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality in 2007,… more
Abstract:Wastewater treatments minimize transmission of pathogens, and are required by the EPA with established treatment and monitoring requirements. The efficiency of treatment processes is determined by measuring the inactivation of indicator organisms (e.g., fecal coliforms) with culture-based… more
Abstract:According to the US EPA 2002 Onsite Wastewater Treatment Systems Manual, approximately 26 million homes, businesses, and recreational facilities in the United States use onsite wastewater treatment and disposal systems (OWTD) (also called septic systems). Numerous studies have found correlations… more
Abstract:This Phase I SBIR project will investigate the feasibility of making dynamic web content accessible to people with vision impairments with an ease that will be on par with sighted people. Such content characterizes todays myriad of important and pervasive web applications (e.g., Facebook, Gmail,… more
Abstract:Sustainable Innovations has developed an innovative concept for highly efficient, reliable, potable water production based on technology from a commercial line of hydrogen recovery and compression systems the company is developing. This Electrochemical Dehumidification and Life Support System… more
Abstract:Sustainable Innovations, LLC, is developing an Electrochemical Methane Generator (EMG), which comprises a novel method of converting CO2 and H2O to hydrocarbon fuels (such as methane) and O2. When powered by a renewable energy source, such as solar or wind power, it can provide a method for… more
Abstract:Sustainable Innovations is developing a technology for efficient separation and compression of hydrogen gas. The electrochemical hydrogen separator and compressor can actively remove hydrogen from a mixture and compress it to high pressure for storage or use. In applications where helium is used as… more
Abstract:The current emphasis in fish nutrition is fish meal replacement with a variety of alternative protein sources including plant-based, terrestrial and marine proteins. We propose to focus specifically upon the protein quality of these alternate protein sources and its potential impacts on marine fish… more
Abstract:Transit Agency Information required for managing Service centers on resources and assets that need to be available to operate the transit service as designed. An opportunity exists to design an Integrated Framework providing Service delivery and Maintenance Management Information to quantify the… more
Abstract:Secure trusted biometric validation of identity has never been more important. The increase in global terrorism, unfettered identity theft and new legislation requiring multi-factor authentication are a few of the driving factors. The biometrics industry has not actively responded to the changing… more
Abstract:Consumable submarine and ship subsystem components are often costly to replace and require impractically long procurement cycles. These factors can result in loss of weapon system availability and thus decrease mission readiness. The Kinetic Metallization (KM) process offers the opportunity to… more
Abstract:Robots need to know their location to map of their surroundings but without global positioning data they need a map to identify their surroundings and estimate their location. Simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM) solves these dual problems at once. SLAM does not depend on any kind of… more
Abstract:Cryogenic propellants are important to NASA's missions. Improvements in cryogenic propellant storage and transfer are critical to future long duration NASA spacecraft and missions. Advanced Cooled Shield - IMLI (ACS-IMLI) is an innovative ultra high performance system in which an Advanced… more
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