Abstract:Pure oxygen helps produce energy from coal with fewer greenhouse gases. Current oxygen production systems are expensive. ITN proposes an oxygen separation system using pulsed magnetic fields and polymer magnetic beads to separate oxygen from air for coal gasification… more
Abstract:…diation (EMR) effects on energetic materials (EMs). There is an expressed need in US Air Force SBIR topic AF141-131 to conduct innovative research on EMR effects on EMs and develop models useful to understanding causes of inadvertent ignition of munitions and predicting energy… more
Abstract:… the skills and experience of an aging workforce. Automated Verification, Validation and Uncertainty Quantification (VV & amp;UQ) tools mitigate the risk of using simulation tools and help capture the knowledge of experts within an organization. The Department of … more
Abstract:… reactors will be built in response to 16 license applications, which have been completed since 2007, to build 24 additional nuclear reactors. Currently, both government and industry are working to accelerate approval for the construction and design of new nuclear energy… more
Abstract:In the USA there are 15 synchrotron and free-electron-laser facilities, funded primarily by the Department of Energy (DOE); and 52 similar facilities in other countries. Synchrotrons and free-electron lasers are extremely bright sources of x-ray and vacuum-ultraviolet… more
Abstract:…, accurately simulating flight systems. A pulse oximeter, flow meter and oxygen sensor will be integrated into the unit to provide biometric monitoring. The mobile system will weigh less than 25 lbs and operate on 110 VAC. The only consumables will be electrical energy,… more
Abstract:Lithium-ion batteries with improved safety and that maintain high specific energies, high powers, and wide temperature ranges are needed for the Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) and other platforms. Current lithium-ion batteries contain a highly flammable electrolyte and can combust… more
Abstract:Military Environmental Control Units (ECUs) are one of the greatest consumers of electric energy in forward operating bases (FOBs). Microchannel condensers have replaced tube-fin coils in both military ECUs and commercial air conditioners to improve system efficiency. Flow into… more
Abstract:…tal control units (ECUs). This model suggests a highly variable heat load throughout a standard hot-dry day that can vary by a factor of 20 from the lowest to highest thermal load. This scenario is ideal for load shifting and consumption reduction through thermal energy storage… more
Abstract:… missile guidance housings, as well as many launch tubes and launcher primary structures. The AMRDEC Weapons Development and Integration Directorate has identified a need to understand the operational fitness of such structures following impact events from a wide range of … more
Abstract:… amount of oxygen to pacify the surface and enable safe handling, packing and shipping. These metal particles are now coated with an oxide layer. In some applications, these metallic powder particles are intended to participate in an exothermic reaction and release energy… more
Abstract:The understanding of how fuel evaporates and mixes when injected into an engine cylinder is of key importance for the design of cleaner, more efficient vehicles. To meet the Department of Energy & apos;s goals of improving fuel efficiency in gasoline engines by 25 percent… more
Abstract:In order to meet national energy goals, DOE has set aggressive R & amp;D targets for advanced manufacturing technology to produce high efficiency organic LED (OLED) solid-state lighting (SSL) products. Achieving these goals will result in significant energy savings, cost… more
Abstract:…s will substantially enhance the infrared response of the solar cell. Future Air Force applications involving autonomous vehicles and space platforms will benefit from the availability of solar cells that have higher efficiency and that are capable of harvesting energy over a… more
Abstract:High field magnets are needed for frontier accelerator facilities and have many applications beyond high-energy physics. Of particular interest are 30-40T class (LTS/HTS hybrid) solenoids required for the final beam cooling stages of a muon collider facility. The successful… more
Abstract:… component or a third material, such as epoxy or other polymer. The result will be a fiber-reinforced composite material with substantial strength and stiffness properties that can be tailored to specific applications, while providing significant thermal energy release on… more
Abstract:Thermal batteries provide a short burst of high power to various components in smart munitions, such as missiles launched from UAVs and other systems. There is a need for thermal batteries that have higher energy density and power density, and longer run time than the state of… more
Abstract:A stateof-theart hydrogen dispensing hose is being developed for civilian use under DOE funding. It has the potential to revolutionize hydrogen as a green alternative energy source to gasoline and diesel fuels.
Abstract:… and Other Benefits: Proportional counters are common in many areas of the nuclear industry (i.e., nonproliferation and safeguards, materials processing, remediation and storage) because they are capable of distinguishing between a wide range of radiation types and energies.… more
Abstract:With the Navy proceeding on its goal of an all electric ship, innovative R & D methodology is needed to model and validate high rate, intermittent energy storage and control architectures that can rapidly accept high intermittent currents to load-level prime movers during… more
Abstract:In the post 9/11 security environment, rapid cargo inspection has become a high priority. Cargo scanning using either radiographic imaging or active interrogation for Special Nuclear Material (SNM) requires high energy and high intensity x-rays. High intensity x-ray sources are… more
Abstract:… fast fission-spectrum neutrons produced from a superconducting electron linac. The proposed source is based on the photo production of neutrons, including (,n) production and photofission, with a 40 MeV electron beam with power of up to 100 kW. This accelerator energy and… more
Abstract:… system which uses a superconducting linear accelerator (linac) to provide high radiation doses and thus eliminate disadvantages of utilizing Co-60 and Cs-137 sources. Electron linacs offer many advantages over radioactive sources. First, they can produce high energy… more
Abstract:The main focus of photonuclear physics has always been investigation of the internal spatial and spin structure of the nuclei and nucleons. While high energy photons (over 100 MeV) are used most often to probe the nuclear structure and look deep into the nucleus, intermediate… more
Abstract:In the proposed collider eRHIC, hadrons from one of the RHIC storage rings will interact with electrons accelerated in a six-pass energy recovery linac (ERL). The maximum energy of protons will be 250 GeV and the maximum energy of electrons will be 30 GeV. … more
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