Abstract:… basis of their ability to block a wavelengths in the range of .4 to 1.4 microns. In this way we will identify molecular structures most likely to yield the greatest increase in optical density in response to laser radiation. We will team, Dr. William Welsh, University of… more
Abstract:…nfrared imaging technologies are too expensive and too bulky for these applications. We are proposing to develop an infrared and thermal detector based on a novel kind of light converter. The concept incorporates a diamond-based thermal sensing element controlling a solid-state… more
Abstract:… conversion efficiency. Furthermore, the optical design of the proposed IR LED is expected to be enhanced by special reflector and optical design considerations currently under development at AstroPower. This program will produce long life light sources of high solid-state… more
Abstract:The goal of this project is to create tools to support the formal verification of VHDL designs. Two existing formal verification tools will be enhanced to support VHDL. The first, Spectool, will allow a class of designs, the synchronous finite-state controlled systems, to be… more
Abstract:THE CELLULAR TELEPHONE INDUSTRY HAS GREATLY EXPANDED ITS USER COMMUNITY SINCE ITS INTRODUCTION IN THE UNITED STATES ONLY TEN YEARS AGO, AND IT CONTINUES TO DEVELOP RAPIDLY. IT IS AXIOMATIC THAT SYSTEM COSTS, RELIABILITY, AND PERFORMANCE CAN BE IMPROVED THROUGH THE USE OF HIGH… more
Abstract:… SECTION TARGETS. IN ADDITION, THEY ARE COMPUTATIONALLY SIMPLE AND THUS CAN HANDLE LARGE AMOUNTS OF DATA AT REAL-TIME RATES IN COMPACT PROCESSOR HARDWARE IMPLEMENTATIONS. THIS IS IMPORTANT TO THE PROBLEM AT HAND SINCE THE CAPABILITIES OF CURRENT STATE-OF-THE-ART… more
Abstract:This project will use sequencing by hybridization (SBH) to develop a faster, more economicalmethod for sequencing and mapping. Current DNA sequencing procedures almost universally require gelelectrophoresis of DNA fragments and are cumbersome and slow. SBH promises to produce… more
Abstract:… IONS) AND THOSE CREATED BY NONRESONANT PHOTOIONIZATION AND EVALUATE METHODS FOR THEIR ELIMINATION, AND (2) EXPERIMENTALLY IDENTIFY AND EVALUATE RESONANT IONIZATION SCHEMES FOR PB AND U. RESULTS FROM THE RESEARCH PROVIDE THE BASIS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW … more
Abstract:… are highly maneuverable, already set up to operate off computer-driven systems, and involve no risk to human life onboard. The innovation proposed herein is the first fully automatic flight control system that integrates data from scientific payloads with aircraft state… more
Abstract:… BY SPECTRAL ANALYSIS, AND 3) ANALYSIS OF SOIL PROPERTIES AND HEAVY METAL CONTAMINATION. THE SENSORS WILL PROVIDE SIGNIFICANT ADVANTAGES OVER EXISTING ROOM TEMPERATURE TECHNOLOGY, INCLUDING IMPROVED ENERGY RESOLUTION, SMALL SIZE, LOW POWER OPERATION, AND SOLID STATE… more
Abstract:…. BRL-CAD is an inexpensive high quality package produced and maintained by the Ballistic Research Laboratories. It is well documented, the source code is available, and a geometry interrogation toolkit is provided. The selected Maxwell solvers are available from universities or… more
Abstract:AS THE DIMENSIONS OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES APPROACH ATOMIC SCALES, A RANGE OF NEW QUANTIZIED PHENOMENA APPEAR. ONE SUCH EFFECT, COULOMB BLOCKADE, REPRESENTS A FRONTIER AREA OF RESEARCH IN APPLIED NANOSCIENCE. HOWEVER, DIFFICULTIES IN FABRICATING DEVICES SMALL ENOUGH TO DEMONSTRATE QUANTUM BEHAVIOR HAVE… more
Abstract:As electric vehicles are becoming more popular, and new state regulations are requiring greater electric vehicle usage, techniques are required to make their operation more efficient. One method is to improve the efficiency of the motor controller. This may be accomplished by… more
Abstract:…d each year in the U.S. We have appliedartificial neural networks to improve the accuracy of the thermal dilution cardiac output measurementand allow using small injectate volumes (2 ml). We will build an automated system using a modifiedsyringe pump and a solid state injectate… more
Abstract:… INFORMATION ABOUT THE PROCESS THAN EXISTING ROBOT SYSTEMS. U.S. COMPANIES HAVE HELPED LEAD THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY IN BACKDRIVABLE ROBOTIC-HARDWARE DEVELOPMENT. BY IMPROVING THE CONTROL ALGORITHMS TO CAPITALIZE ON THESE HARDWARE IMPROVEMENTS, THE UNITED STATES WILL… more
Abstract:… on learning normal power system load transients and switching patterns as viewed from the perspective of the CPD. Dynamic polynomial neural network (DPNN) predictors will be used to model both normal and fault transients; their coefficient values, future forecasts, state… more
Abstract:CHEMICAL PROCESSING INDUSTRY (CPI) SEPARATIONS CONSUME AS MUCH AS 4.4 QUADS OF ENERGY ANNUALLY IN THE UNITED STATES AND ACCOUNT FOR THE BULK OF THE CPI OPERATION COSTS OF $22 BILLION ANNUALLY. THUS, THE NEED FOR NEW AND IMPROVED SEPARATION TECHNOLOGIES HAS BEEN WIDELY… more
Abstract:…COMPLYING WITH A MULTITUDE OF REGULATIONS DURING THE DESIGN OF A MEDICAL DEVICE. THIS IS A TREMENDOUS BURDEN ON SMALL BUSINESSES. RESEARCHERS HAVE IDENTIFIED A NEED FOR A MEDICAL DEVICE DESIGN GUIDE THAT INCORPORATES COMPLIANCE WITH FEDERAL REGULATIONS WHILE UTILIZING … more
Abstract:… CASCADES OF AUGER ELECTRONS RESULTING FROM PHOTOIONIZATION OF THE IODINE. THUS, SM-145 OFFERS A NEW POSSIBILITY FOR MAXIMIZING THE EFFECTS OF IUDR RADIOSENSITIZATION IN COMBINATION WITH BRACHYTHERAPY, WHICH ARE BEING INVESTIGATED BY NCI SPONSORED PROTOCOLS AT YALE, OHIO… more
Abstract:… for a practical magnetometer chip to perform the cardiac applications, (2) identifying magnetometer designs capable of satisfying these requirements, and (3) fabricating and characterizing the most promising designs. All magnetometer chip designs will incorporate our … more
Abstract:…, ANALYSIS OF POINT-SPREAD FUNCTIONS, AND ABERRATION ANALYSIS. THE MODELS WILL REQUIRE PHOTOMETRIC MEASUREMENTS OF ABERRATIOINS AND STRAY-LIGHT FOR THE CONSTRUCTED SUB-COMPONENTS. THE SYSTEM IS INTENDED FOR COMMERCIAL SALE TO BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH LABORTORIES AND UNIVERSITIES.… more
Abstract:This proposal represents a joint small business/university development effort to investigate the problem of plant health monitoring and to evolve a preliminary design of a spectral imaging system. Biotronics Technologies, as the small business SBIR proposer, has extensive… more
Abstract:A lithium peroxide/lithium battery has a theoretical specific energy of 2569 W.hr/kg, far higher than any secondary battery available or under development. A solid-state, thin-film version of this battery has been an area of research for several years and is proposed for… more
Abstract:… OYSTER, PINCTADA MARGARITIFERA, IS THE SOURCE OF RARE, VALUABLE BLACK PEARLS. CULTURE OF THIS SPECIES HAS PROVEN HIGHLY LUCRATIVE IN FRENCH POLYNESIA, WITH STRENGTHENING WORLDWIDE DEMAND. THE HAWAIIAN SUB-SPECIES, P. MARGARITIFERA GALTSOFFI, IS ON THE HAWAII STATE ENDANGERED… more
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